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Careproctus ovigerum (juvenile).jpg
Careproctus ovigerus
Unidentified Careproctus from Alaska
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Liparidae
Genus: Careproctus
Krøyer, 1862
Type species
Liparis reinhardti
Krøyer, 1862

Enantioliparis Vaillant, 1888
Allochir Jordan & Evermann, 1896
Allurus Jordan & Evermann, 1896
Caremitra Jordan & Evermann, 1896
Allinectes Jordan & Evermann, 1898
Prognurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1898
Careproctula Andriashev, 2003

Careproctus is a genus of snailfishes found in benthic and benthopelagic habitats in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. They range from shallow coastal waters to depths below 7000 m.

Careproctus species have one pair of nostrils and a ventral suction disc but lack a pseudobranch.[1]


There are currently 119 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Careproctus in FishBase. November 2014 version.
  2. ^ a b c d e Chernova, N.V. (2015): New species of the genus Careproctus (Liparidae) from the Kara Sea and identification key for congeners of the North Atlantic and Arctic. Journal of Ichthyology, 54 (10) [2014]: 757-780.
  3. ^ Chernova, N.V. (2014): New species of the genus Careproctus (Liparidae) from the Kara Sea with notes on spongiophilia, reproductive commensalism between fishes and sponges (Rossellidae). Journal of Ichthyology, 54 (8): 501-512.
  4. ^ a b Orr, J.W. (2012): Two New Species of Snailfishes of the Genus Careproctus (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Bering Sea and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, with a Redescription of Careproctus ovigerus. Copeia, 2012 (2): 257-265.
  5. ^ a b Stein, D.L. (2012): A Review of the Snailfishes (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) of New Zealand, Including Descriptions of a New Genus and Sixteen New Species. Zootaxa, 3588: 1–54.
  6. ^ Machi, K., Nobetsu, T. & Yabe, M. (2012): Careproctus rausuensis, a New Liparid Fish (Percomorphacea: Cottiformes), Collected from Hokkaido, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science, Ser. A., Supplement No. 6: 33–40.