Cariboo (electoral district)

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For the region of the Canadian province of British Columbia, see Cariboo. For the provincial electoral district of the same name, see Cariboo (provincial electoral district).
Cariboo
British Columbia electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created 1914
District abolished 1966
First contested 1917
Last contested 1965

Cariboo was a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1871 to 1892.

This riding was first created as Cariboo District following British Columbia's admission into the Canadian Confederation in 1871. The name was changed to "Cariboo" in 1872, and existed in this form until it was abolished in 1892 when it was amalgamated into the new riding of Yale—Cariboo. In 1914, Yale—Cariboo was redistributed and Yale and Cariboo were separate ridings once again, though with smaller areas than before. The Cariboo riding lasted until 1966. The succession of ridings for the Cariboo area since then has been:

The Chilcotin region of the riding, west of the Fraser River, was from 1966 to 1976 part of the Coast Chilcotin riding.

The original form of the riding was the whole of the Cariboo Plateau and both Cariboo and Lillooet Land Districts. Its southern boundary was on the northern edge of the New Wesminster riding, and later the Burrard riding, then the North Vancouver riding, with near-coastal localities such as Pemberton, Squamish, Britannia Beach and Port Douglas all politically part of "Cariboo".

Under the Representation Act of 1892, the constituencies of Yale and Cariboo were united to form Yale—Cariboo. In 1914 that riding was broken up and the Yale and Cariboo riding-names were restored, although the new constituencies were considerably smaller than before. The restored Yale riding included the Boundary Country around Grand Forks and Greenwood, but the Kootenay was now a separate riding and the town of Yale itself was not in the restored Yale riding, but in the new riding of Westminster District. The first election using the new boundaries was in 1917. "Government" and "Opposition" were used during the wartime campaign to designate the governing Conservatives vs the Opposition Liberals.

A major redistribution in 1952 took away the southern half of the Cariboo district, with a southern boundary at 52 degrees 30 minutes north, just excluding Williams Lake and the south bank of Quesnel Lake. The rest of the riding extended to the Little Rancheria River and the border with Yukonand the Northwest Territories, therefore including the Omineca, Prince George and Peace River districts.

The Cariboo electoral district was abolished in 1966. Successor ridings were:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliament Years Member Party
Riding created from Cariboo District
2nd  1872 − 1874     Joshua Spencer Thompson Liberal–Conservative
3rd  1874 − 1878
4th  1878 − 1880†
 1881 − 1882     James Reid Liberal–Conservative
5th  1882 − 1887
6th  1887 − 1888
 1888 − 1891     Frank Stillman Barnard Conservative
7th  1891 − 1896
Riding dissolved into Yale—Cariboo
Riding re-created from Yale—Cariboo
13th  1917 − 1921     Frederick John Fulton Government (Unionist)
14th  1921 − 1925     Thomas George McBride Progressive
15th  1925 − 1926     John Fraser Conservative
16th  1926 − 1930
17th  1930 − 1935
18th  1935 − 1940     James Gray Turgeon Liberal
19th  1940 − 1945
20th  1945 − 1949     William Irvine Co-operative Commonwealth
21st  1949 − 1953     George Matheson Murray Liberal
22nd  1953 − 1957     Bert Leboe Social Credit
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962     Walter Henderson Progressive Conservative
25th  1962 − 1963     Bert Leboe Social Credit
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1968
Riding dissolved into Coast Chilcotin, Kamloops—Cariboo,
Prince George—Peace River and Skeena

Election results[edit]

Cariboo, 1917–1968[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Bert Leboe 12,344 37.59 +7.13
Progressive Conservative Peter Runkle 7,756 23.62 -3.48
Liberal Art McLellan 7,144 21.76 -6.12
New Democratic Fred Atkinson 5,594 17.04 +2.48
Total valid votes 32,838 100.0  
Social Credit hold Swing +5.30
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Bert Leboe 9,335 30.46 +0.03
Liberal Charles E. Graham 8,543 27.88 +0.04
Progressive Conservative Peter Runkle 8,304 27.10 +2.45
New Democratic Bill Close 4,461 14.56 -2.52
Total valid votes 30,643 100.0  
Social Credit hold Swing ±0
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Bert Leboe 8,435 30.43 +3.52
Liberal Charles E. Graham 7,715 27.84 +12.65
Progressive Conservative Walter Henderson 6,830 24.65 -18.55
New Democratic Ken Rutherford 4,732 17.08 +2.38
Total valid votes 21,592 100.0  
Social Credit gain from Progressive Conservative Swing -4.56
Change for the New Democrats is based on the Co-operative Commonwealth.
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Walter Henderson 9,327 43.20 +21.52
Social Credit Bert Leboe 5,811 26.91 -15.71
Liberal Gordon Douglas Bryant 3,279 15.19 -6.44
Co-operative Commonwealth William M. Close 3,175 14.70 +0.63
Total valid votes 21,592 100.0  
Progressive Conservative gain from Social Credit Swing +18.62
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Bert Leboe 8,292 42.62 +5.63
Progressive Conservative William Dow Ferry 4,217 21.68
Liberal Angus Carmichael 4,208 21.63 -12.69
Co-operative Commonwealth William Marshall Close 2,737 14.07 -14.62
Total valid votes 19,454 100.0  
Social Credit hold Swing -8.02
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Bert Leboe 5,562 36.99
Liberal George Matheson Murray 5,160 34.32 -21.21
Co-operative Commonwealth William Irvine 4,314 28.69 -15.78
Total valid votes 15,036 100.0  
Social Credit gain from Liberal Swing +29.10
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal George Matheson Murray 7,330 55.53 +21.40
Co-operative Commonwealth William Irvine 5,870 44.47 +3.77
Total valid votes 13,200 100.0  
Liberal gain from Co-operative Commonwealth Swing +8.82
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Co-operative Commonwealth William Irvine 5,773 40.70 +3.11
Liberal James Gray Turgeon 4,841 34.13 -10.82
Progressive Conservative Thomas Jamieson 2,490 17.55 +0.10
Social Credit Volney Lane Phillips 1,080 7.61
Total valid votes 14,184 100.0  
Co-operative Commonwealth gain from Liberal Swing +6.96
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Gray Turgeon 6,063 44.95 +4.06
Co-operative Commonwealth William Irvine 5,070 37.59 +1.37
National Government Frederick Herbert Stephens 2,354 17.45 -0.50
Total valid votes 13,487 100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +1.34
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Gray Turgeon 4,222 40.89 -8.13
Co-operative Commonwealth John McInnis 3,740 36.22
Conservative John Anderson Fraser 1,853 17.95 -33.03
Reconstruction Frederick Clarke 510 4.94
Total valid votes 10,325 100.0  
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing -22.18
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative John Anderson Fraser 8,548 50.98 -2.02
Liberal Henry George Thomas Perry 8,220 49.02 +2.02
Total valid votes 16,768 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing -2.02
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative John Anderson Fraser 7,200 53.00 -0.74
Liberal Joseph Graham 6,386 47.00
Total valid votes 13,586 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing -23.87
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative John Anderson Fraser 6,430 53.74 +18.68
Progressive Thomas George McBride 5,534 46.26 -18.68
Total valid votes 11,964 100.0  
Conservative gain from Progressive Swing +18.68
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Thomas George McBride 7,185 64.94
Conservative John Thomas Robinson 3,879 35.06 -33.13
Total valid votes 11,064 100.0  
Progressive gain from Government (Unionist) Swing +49.04
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes %
Government (Unionist) Frederick John Fulton 6,010 68.19
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Raymond Findlay Leighton 2,804 31.81
Total valid votes 8,814 100.0  
This riding was re-created from Yale—Cariboo, which elected a Conservative in the previous election.

Cariboo, 1872–1896[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative F.S. Barnard 223 53.48 +14.22
Liberal Hugh Watt 194 46.52
Total valid votes 417 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing -16.15
Canadian federal by-election, 22 November 1888
On the appointment of James Reid to the Senate
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Frank Stillman Barnard 117 39.26 -18.74
Independent R. McLeese 95 31.88
Independent ? Rogers 86 28.86
Total valid votes 298 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing -25.31
Rogers' first name does not appear in the historical records.
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal–Conservative James Reid 145 58.00
Liberal D. Ferguson 105 42.00
Total valid votes 250 100.0  
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative James Reid acclaimed
Canadian federal by-election, 31 March 1881
On the death of Joshua Spencer Thompson, 20 December 1880
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal–Conservative James Reid 179 42.32
Unknown ? Monroe 104 24.59
Unknown ? Ball 78 18.44
Unknown Archibald Greig 62 14.66
Total valid votes 423 100.0  
Neither Ball's nor Monroe's first names are given in the historical records.
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal–Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson 192 82.76
Unknown S. Walker 40 17.24
Total valid votes 232 100.0  
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson acclaimed

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament: