Cariboo (electoral district)

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For the region of the Canadian province of British Columbia, see Cariboo. For the provincial electoral district of the same name, see Cariboo (provincial electoral district).

Cariboo was a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1871 to 1892.

This riding was first created as Cariboo District following British Columbia's admission into the Canadian Confederation in 1871. The name was changed to "Cariboo" in 1872, and existed in this form until it was abolished in 1892 when it was amalgamated into the new riding of Yale—Cariboo. In 1914, Yale—Cariboo was redistributed and Yale and Cariboo were separate ridings once again, though with smaller areas than before. The Cariboo riding lasted until 1966. The succession of ridings for the Cariboo area since then has been:

The Chilcotin region of the riding, west of the Fraser River, was from 1966 to 1976 part of the Coast Chilcotin riding.

The original form of the riding was the whole of the Cariboo Plateau and both Cariboo and Lillooet Land Districts. Its southern boundary was on the northern edge of the New Wesminster riding, and later the Burrard riding, then the North Vancouver riding, with near-coastal localities such as Pemberton, Squamish, Britannia Beach and Port Douglas all politically part of "Cariboo".

Cariboo was also a provincial electoral district. It was a three-member riding whose first representatives included George Anthony Boomer Walkem, later 3rd and 5th holder of the office of Premier of British Columbia. It was one of the province's first twelve electoral constituencies.

Election results[edit]

Note: Winners in each election are in bold

Canadian federal election, 1872: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson acclaimed
Total n/a
Canadian federal election, 1874: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson 192 82.76%
     Unknown S. Walker 40 17.24%
Total 232 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1878: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative Joshua Spencer Thompson Accl.
Total n/a
Byelection, March 31, 1881: Cariboo 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative James Reid 179 42.32%
     Unknown Monroe 2 104 24.59%
     Unknown Ball 2 78 18.44%
     Unknown Archibald Greig 62 14.66%
Total 423
1 By-Election: On Mr. Thompson'death, December 20, 1880.
2 Neither Ball's nor Monroe's first names are given in the historical records of this riding.
Canadian federal election, 1882: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative James Reid Accl.
Total n/a
Canadian federal election, 1887: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal-Conservative James Reid 145 58.00%
     Liberal D. Ferguson 105 42.00%
Total 250 100.00%
Byelection, November 22, 1888: Cariboo 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Frank Stillman Barnard 4 117 39.26%
     Independent R. McLeese 95 31.88%
     Independent Rogers 5 86 28.86%
Total 298
3 By-Election: On Mr. Reid's appointment to the Senate.
4 Son of Frank (Francis Jones) Barnard of Barnard's Express, premier freight company on the Cariboo Wagon Road. Francis Stillman Barnard was later 10th Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia) and was a Knight by the time of his appointment.
5 Rogers' first name does not appear in the historical records or this riding.
Canadian federal election, 1891: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative F.S. Barnard 223 53.48%
     Liberal Hugh Watt 194 46.52%
Total 417

Under the Representation Act of 1892, the constituencies of Yale and Cariboo were united to form Yale—Cariboo. In 1914 that riding was broken up and the Yale and Cariboo riding-names were restored, although the new constituencies were considerably smaller than before. The restored Yale riding included the Boundary Country around Grand Forks and Greenwood, but the Kootenay was now a separate riding and the town of Yale itself was not in the restored Yale riding, but in the new riding of Westminster District. The first election using the new boundaries was in 1917. "Government" and "Opposition" were used during the wartime campaign to designate the governing Conservatives vs the Opposition Liberals.

Canadian federal election, 1917: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Government Frederick John Fulton 6,010 68.19%
     Opposition Raymond Findlay Leighton 2,804 31.81%
Total 8,814 100%
Canadian federal election, 1921: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Thomas George McBride 7,185 64.94%
     Conservative John Thomas Robinson 3,879 35.06%
Total 11,064 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1925: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative John Anderson Fraser 6,430 53.74%
     Progressive Thomas George McBride 5,534 46.26%
Total 11,964 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1926: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative John Anderson Fraser 7,200 53.00%
     Liberal Joseph Graham 6,386 47.00%
Total 13,586 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1930: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative John Anderson Fraser 8,548 50.98%
     Liberal Henry George Thomas Perry 8,220 49.02%
Total 16,768 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1935: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal James Gray Turgeon 4,222 40.89%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. John McInnis 3,740 36.22%
     Conservative John Anderson Fraser 1,853 17.95%
     Reconstruction Frederick Clarke 510 4.94%
Total 10,325 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1940: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal James Gray Turgeon 6,063 44.95%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. William Irvine 5,070 37.59%
     National Government Frederick Herbert Stephens 2,354 17.45%
Total 13,487 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1945: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. William Irvine 5,773 40.70%
     Liberal James Gray Turgeon 4,841 34.13%
     Progressive Conservative Thomas Jamieson 2,490 17.55%
     Social Credit Volney Lane Phillips 1,080 7.61%
Total 14,184 100.00%

A major redistribution in 1952 took away the southern half of the Cariboodistrict, with a southern boundary at 52 degrees 30 minutes north, just excluding Williams Lakeand the south bank of Quesnel Lake. The rest of the riding extended to the Little Rancheria River and the border with Yukonand the Northwest Territories, therefore including the Omineca, Prince George and Peace River districts.

Canadian federal election, 1949: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal George Matheson Murray 7,330 55.53%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. William Irvine 5,870 44.47%
Total 13,200 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1953: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 5,562 36.99%
     Liberal George Matheson Murray 5,160 34.32%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. WIlliam Irvine 4,314 28.69%
Total 15,036 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1957: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 8,292 42.62%
     Progressive Conservative William Dow Ferry 4,217 21.68%
     Liberal Angus Carmichael 4,208 21.63%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. William Marshall Close 2,737 14.07%
Total 19,454 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1958: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative Walter Henderson 9,327 43.20%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 5,811 26.91%
     Liberal Gordon Douglas Bryant 3,279 15.19%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. William M. Close 3,175 14.70%
Total 21,592 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1962: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 8,435 30.43%
     Liberal Charles E. Graham 7,715 27.84%
     Progressive Conservative Walter Henderson 6,830 24.65%
     New Democrat Ken Rutherford 4,732 17.08%
Total 21,592 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1963: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 9,335 30.46%
     Liberal Charles E. Graham 8,543 27.88%
     Progressive Conservative Peter Runkle 8,304 27.10%
     New Democrat Bill Close 4,461 14.56%
Total 30,643 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1965: Cariboo
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Social Credit Bert Leboe 12,344 37.59%
     Progressive Conservative Peter Runkle 7,756 23.62%
     Liberal Art McLellan 7,144 21.76%
     New Democrat Fred Atkinson 5,594 17.04%
Total 32,838 100.00%

The Cariboo electoral district was abolished in 1966. Successor ridings were:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament: