Life and career
He was the son of noted clarinet virtuoso Heinrich Baermann and Helene Harlas. As a child he was taught the clarinet and the basset-horn by his father. He played occasionally in the Munich court orchestra when he was 14 years old, and was appointed its second clarinettist in 1832. When his father retired in 1834, Carl succeeded his father as principal clarinettist. He held that position until he retired in 1880.
He toured Europe with his father in 1827, 1832 and 1838. In 1833 they premiered Felix Mendelssohn's Konzert Stücke, Opp. 113 & 114, (Concert Pieces) to great acclaim. Carl Baermann compositions, 88 opus numbers, were popular with clarinet virtuosos.
Baermann developed the Baermann-Ottensteiner key system for the clarinet, which was based on the Müller system. The system was very popular during the late 19th century, partly because of Baermann's Vollständige Clarinett-Schule (Complete School for the Clarinet), one of the leading methods for teaching the clarinet, written between 1864 and 1875.
- Concerto Militaire for Clarinet and Orchestra, Op. 6
- Fantaisie brillante for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 7
- Variations brillantes for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 8
- La nuit étoilée (Starry Night Fantasy) for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 13
- Duo Concertant for two Clarinets and Piano, Op. 33
- Conzertstück, for Clarinet and Piano/Orchestra, Op. 44
- Travestie for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 45
- Conzertstück No.1 for Clarinet and Piano/Orchestra, Op. 49
- Vollständige Clarinett-Schule (Complete Clarinet Method) Op. 63 an 64
- Historical and Theoretical (Op. 63)
- Preparatory Studies (Op. 63)
- Daily Studies (Op. 63)
- Short Pieces (Op. 64)
- Solos (Op. 64)
Carl Baermann (son)
Carl Baermann had a son, also named Carl Baermann (9 July 1839 in Munich – 17 January 1913 in Newton, Massachusetts), a pianist who studied with Franz Lachner and Peter Cornelius in Munich and later became a pupil and friend of Franz Liszt. He moved to the Boston area in America in 1881 where he became a successful pianist and teacher; Amy Beach, Lee Pattison, Frederick Converse, and George Copeland were among his pupils. He composed a number of works for piano solo and with orchestra, and a set of etudes, op.4.
- Pamela Weston. "Carl Baermann (ii)" in Grove Music Online (subscription required)
- Mühlfeld's Clarinet by Stephen Fox
- Baermann-Ottensteiner system
- Lee Pattison/Carl Baermann Collection, New England Conservatory.
- George Copeland Is Impressive In Stonington Theatre Piano Recital, The Day, July 17, 1954.
- Pamela Weston. "Carl Baermann (iii)" in Grove Music Online (subscription required)
- Free scores by Carl Baermann at the International Music Score Library Project
- Free scores by Carl Baermann, Jr. at the International Music Score Library Project