Carl Harries

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Carl Dietrich Harries
Carl Harries ca1906 Kiel.jpg
Carl Dietrich Harries (c. 1906)
Born (1866-08-05)5 August 1866
Luckenwalde, Prussia, Germany
Died 3 November 1923(1923-11-03) (aged 57)
Berlin, Germany
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Institutions University of Kiel
Alma mater University of Berlin
Doctoral advisor Ferdinand Tiemann
Notable awards Liebig Medal (1912)

Carl Dietrich Harries (5 August 1866 – 3 November 1923) was a German Chemist born in Luckenwalde, Brandenburg, Prussia. He received his doctorate in 1892. In 1900, he married Hertha von Siemens, daughter of the electrical genius Werner von Siemens, and the inventor of one of the earliest ozone generators. In 1904, he moved as full professor to the University of Kiel, where he remained until 1916.[1] During that time he published numerous papers on ozonolysis. His major publication detailing ozonolysis was published in, Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1905, 343, 311.[2] Dissatisfied academic life and having failed to obtain either of two positions at universities, he left academia to become Director of Research at Siemens and Halske. He died on 3 November 1923, of complications following surgery for cancer.[1]

His great-grandfather was the German theologian Heinrich Harries.

Accomplishments[edit]

He investigated polymers and rubber. He showed that rubber consisted of repeating units. He established experimental procedures for ozonolysis, demonstrated the generality of the reaction of unsaturated compounds with ozone, and showed that ozone could be used for the synthesis of a variety of compounds.[3][4][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mordecai B. Rubin (2003). "The History of Ozone Part III, C. D. Harries and the Introduction of Ozone into Organic Chemistry". Helvetica Chimica Acta 86 (4): 930–940. doi:10.1002/hlca.200390111. 
  2. ^ O’Neil M, J et al., 2001, Merk index 13th edition, Merk and Co Inc, New Jersey pg 547
  3. ^ Carl Harries (1905). "Ueber die Einwirkung des Ozons auf organische Verbindungen". Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 343 (2–3): 311–344. doi:10.1002/jlac.19053430209. 
  4. ^ Carl Harries (1910). "Über die Einwirkung des Ozons auf organische Verbindungen. [Zweite Abhandlung.]". Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 374 (3): 288. doi:10.1002/jlac.19103740303. 
  5. ^ Carl Harries (1912). "Über die Einwirkung des Ozons auf organische Verbindungen". Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 390 (2): 235. doi:10.1002/jlac.19123900205. 
  6. ^ Carl Harries (1915). "Über die Einwirkung des Ozons auf organische Verbindungen". Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 410 (1–3): 1–21. doi:10.1002/jlac.19154100102.