Carl Ludwig Blume

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Carl Ludwig von Blume (1796-1862)
Title page of Collection des Orchidées les plus remarquables de l'archipel Indien et du Japon

Charles Ludwig de Blume or Karl Ludwig von Blume (9 June 1796, Braunschweig – 3 February 1862, Leiden) was a German-Dutch botanist.

He was born at Braunschweig in Germany, but studied at Leiden University and spent his professional life working in the Dutch East Indies and in the Netherlands, where he was Director of the Rijksherbarium (state herbarium) at Leiden. His name is sometimes given in the Dutch language form Karel Lodewijk Blume, but the original Germanic spelling is the one most widely used in botanical texts, but even then there is confusion as he is sometimes referred to as K.L. (from Karl).

He carried out extensive studies of the flora of southern Asia, particularly in Java, then a colony of the Netherlands. From 1823 to 1826 Blume was Deputy Director of Agriculture at the botanic garden in Bogor (Buitenzorg) in Java. In 1855, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

He planned, together with Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866), the foundation of the "Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot aanmoediging van den Tuinbouw". (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Horticulture). This was executed in 1842.[1]

The botanical journal Blumea is named after him.

He was also an entomologist.[2]

Publications[edit]

  • Carl Ludwig Blume: "Catalogus van eenige der merkwaardigste zoo in- als uitheemse gewassen, te vinden in 's Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg" opgemaakt door C. L. Blume, M.D., Directeur van voorz. tuin. s.l. n.d. [Batavia 1823]. (Catalogue of some native and exotic plants in Buitenzorg)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië …. 1825-1827 (Contributions to the flora of the Dutch Indies) on Botanicus
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Enumeratio plantarum Javae et insularum adjacentium minus cognitarum vel novarum ex herbariis Reinwardtii, Kuhlii, Hasseltii et Blumii 1827-1828.
  • Carl Ludwig Blume & Johannes B. Fischer (? - 1832): Flora Javae nec non insularum adjacentium …. 1828-1851.
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: De novis quibusdam plantarum familiis expositio et olim jam expositarum enumeratio. (1833)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Rumphia, sive commentationes botanicae imprimis de plantis Indiae orientalis …. 1835-1849 (4 volumes with 170 illustrations)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Museum botanicum Lugduno-Batavum …. 1849-1857 on Botanicus
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Flora Javae et insularum adjacentium nova series (1858-1859)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Collection des Orchidées les plus remarquables de l'Archipel Indien et du Japon (1858-1859).

References[edit]

External links[edit]