Karol Mikuli

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Karol Mikuli
Karol Mikuli.jpg
Portrait of Karol Mikuli
Background information
Born (1819-10-20)October 20, 1819
Czernowitz, Austrian Empire
Origin Armenian
Died May 21, 1897(1897-05-21) (aged 77)
Lemberg, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Austrian Empire
Occupation(s) pianist, composer, conductor and teacher

Karol Mikuli, often seen as Carl Mikuli or Charles Mikuli (Armenian: Կարոլ Միկուլի or Կարոլ Պստիկյան; 20 October 1819 – 21 May 1897) was an Armenian pianist, composer, conductor and teacher. His students included Moriz Rosenthal, Raoul Koczalski, Aleksander Michałowski, Jaroslaw Zieliński and Kornelia Parnas. See: List of music students by teacher#Karol Mikuli.

Biographical notes[edit]

Mikuli (aka Bsdikian)[1] was born in Czerniowce, then part of the Austrian Empire (now Chernivtsi, Ukraine) to an Armenian family. He studied under Frédéric Chopin for piano (later becoming his teaching assistant) and Anton Reicha for composition. He toured widely as a concert pianist, becoming Director of the Lviv Conservatory in 1858. He founded his own school there in 1888.[2] He died in Lemberg, then part of Austria-Hungary (now Lviv, Ukraine) and is buried in the courtyard of the Armenian church in Lviv.

Editions[edit]

He is most well known as an editor of works by Chopin. Dover Publications currently publishes reprints of his 1879 editions of Chopin's piano music, originally published by F. Kistner (Leipzig). His goal, as stated in the foreword of the edition, was to provide more reliable editions. He used several verified sources, most of which were written or corrected by Chopin himself. His editions of Chopin's works were first published in America in 1895.

Mikuli also took detailed notes of Chopin's comments made in lessons and interviewed witnesses of Chopin's performances. For many years he was regarded as the primary authority on Chopin and his remarks about Chopin's playing were often quoted by biographers.

Musical works[edit]

Orchestral
  • 48 Airs nationaux roumains for orchestra, also arr. piano.
Chamber music
  • Polonaise for 3 violins, Op. 7 (published 1862)
  • Serenade in A major for clarinet and piano, Op. 22 (1880) (Romanian: Serenadă pentru clarinet și pian, Op. 22)
  • Scherzino in C minor for 3 violins, Op. 25 (1880)
  • Grand duo in A major for violin and piano, Op. 26
Piano
  • Prélude et presto agitato, Op. 1 (published 1859)
  • 4 Mazurkas, Op. 2 (1860)
  • Mazurka in F minor, Op. 4 (1860)
  • 2 Polonaises, Op. 8 (1862)
  • 48 Airs nationaux roumains (Ballades, chants des bergers, airs de danse, etc.) in 4 volumes (1863)
  • 6 Pièces, Op. 9 (published 1866 by Spina in Vienna)
  • Mazurka, Op. 10 (1866)
  • Mazurka in B minor, Op. 11 (1866)
  • Étude in B major for piano with harmonium, Op. 12 (1867)
  • 6 Danses allemandes, Op. 13 (1867)
  • Méditation, Op. 14 (1867)
  • Andante con Variazioni for piano 4-hands, Op. 15 (1867)
  • 6 Valses, Op. 18 (1869)
  • 2 Nocturnes, Op. 19 (1869)
  • Valse in A major, Op. 20 (1869)
  • Ballade in B major, Op. 21 (1871)
  • 12 Variantes (Variations) harmoniques sur la gamme d'Ut majeure for piano 4-hands, Op. 23 (1880); published by Kistner (Leipzig)
  • 10 Pièces, Op. 24 (1880)
Vocal
  • 6 Lieder for voice and piano, Op. 16 (1867)
  • 6 Lieder for voice and piano, Op. 17 (1867)
  • 7 Lieder for voice and piano, Op. 27 (1880)
  • 2 Duette for soprano, tenor and piano, Op. 28 (1880)
  • Die Reue: „Die Nacht war schwarz“ for baritone and string orchestra, Op. 30 (1880)
Choral
  • 7 Lieder for soprano, alto, tenor and bass, Op. 17 (1880)
  • Paraphrase sur un ancien Chant de Noël polonais for 4 voices (solo and chorus), strings and organ (or piano 4-hands), Op. 31 (1881)
  • 2 Spiritual Songs for male chorus and soli, Op. 32
  • Veni creator for mixed chorus and organ, Op. 33[3]

Recordings[edit]

  • Şahan Arzruni: An Anthology of Armenian Piano Music, Vol I, Musical Heritage Society - MHS 4080.
  • Karol Radziwonowicz: Karol Mikuli Piano Works

References[edit]

  1. ^ «Կրթության ասպարեզ» հասարակական կազմակերպություն - Հայը և հայկականը - Շոպենի ասիստենտը եղել է հայազգի Կարլ Միկուլինը (Պստիկյան):[dead link]
  2. ^ Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed, 1954
  3. ^ Chopin, Frédéric. Mikuli, Carl (Editor). Complete Ballades, Impromptus and Sonatas Dover Publications (September 1, 1981) ISBN 0-486-24164-5

External links[edit]