Carl Röver

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Carl Georg Röver
Gauleiter of Weser-Ems
In office
1929–1942
Succeeded by Paul Wegener
Reichsstatthalter of the Free State of Oldenburg
In office
1933–1942
Prime Minister Georg Joel
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Paul Wegener
Reichsstatthalter of the Free City of Bremen
In office
1933–1942
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Paul Wegener
Minister-President of the Free State of Oldenburg
In office
1932–1933
Preceded by Friedrich Cassebohm
Succeeded by Georg Joel
Personal details
Born (1889-02-12)February 12, 1889
Lemwerder, German Empire
Died May 15, 1942(1942-05-15) (aged 53)
Berlin, Germany
Political party National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)

Carl Georg Röver (born 12 February 1889 in Lemwerder - died 15 May 1942 in Berlin) was a German Nazi Party official. His main posts were as Gauleiter of Weser-Ems and Reichsstatthalter of Oldenburg/Bremen.

Early years[edit]

Röver saw service in the First World War, initially with the regular army before joining the Propaganda department of the Oberste Heeresleitung. He became a member of the Nazi Party in 1923.[1] He also joined the Sturmabteilung, rising to the rank of Obergruppenführer.[1]

Nazi career[edit]

Already before the Nazis came to power, Carl Röver acted as Gauleiter in Oldenburg, that by 1932 was already ruled by the National-Socialists. When in September 1932 the church council of Oldenburg decided to give permission to use the St. Lambertikirche for the sermon of the African Pastor Robert Kwami Röver reacted immediately, directing racist tirades against Kwami, the Norddeutsche Mission and the church council demanding to postpone the sermon. The Nazi-party called upon the State Ministry of Oldenburg to stop the sermon.[2] Despite the public threats by the local Nazis that were later become known as the so-called Kwami Affair, the sermon was carried out as planned September 20, 1932. Röver was appointed to the post of Reichsstatthalter for Oldenburg-Bremen in April 1933 after the Nazi regime reorganised local government in Germany.[3] In this post he played a role in the perpetration of the Holocaust as he personally signed the order for every Jew deported from Bremen during his life.[4]

However in this role Röver also clashed with Hermann Göring as the Reichsmarschall, as Minister President of Prussia, made no secret of his desire to incorporate Bremen into Prussia. Röver however opposed the move consistently and managed to convince Adolf Hitler to decline Goering's requests.[5]

He was something of a favourite of Martin Bormann, a fact that helped to ensure that when an arbeitsbereich ("working sphere" - an external unit of the Nazi Party) was set up in the neighbouring occupied Netherlands most of its staff were drawn from Weser-Ems.[6]

Death[edit]

Röver suffered a stroke in May 1942 and died soon afterwards, Paul Wegener succeeding him as Gauleiter.[7] His official cause of death was listed as pneumonia.[1] His state funeral proved a lavish event, with Adolf Hitler himself in attendance and Alfred Rosenberg delivering the eulogoy.[8] Röver's cause of death is disputed by David Irving, who claims in his book Hitler's War that Röver was killed by Nazi agents who had been sent specifically by Martin Bormann.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, p. 504.
  2. ^ Georg Joel und Jens Müller an das Oldenburger Staatsministerium. Printed in: Klaus Schaap: Oldenburgs Weg ins „Dritte Reich“. Quellen zur Regionalgeschichte Nordwest-Niedersachsens, Heft 1. Oldenburg 1983, Dokument Nr. 157. See also: Bekenntnisgemeinschaft und bekennende Gemeinden in Oldenburg in den Jahren der nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft. Evangelische Kirchlichkeit und nationalsozialistischer Alltag in einer ländlichen Region, Bd. 39, Teil 5, p. 52.
  3. ^ Peter D. Stachura, The Shaping of the Nazi State, Taylor & Francis, 1978, p. 216
  4. ^ David Cesarani, Holocaust: The "final solution", Routledge, 2004, p. 83
  5. ^ Maiken Umbach, German federalism: past, present, future, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, p. 131
  6. ^ Dietrich Orlow, The History of the Nazi Party 1933-1945 Volume 2, David & Charles, 1973, p. 306
  7. ^ Orlow, The History of the Nazi Party , p. 352
  8. ^ Orlow, The History of the Nazi Party , p. 358
  9. ^ David Irving, Hitler's War, p. 392