Carl Rubin (architect)

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Historic photograph showing a celebratory crowd outside the Dizengoff House (now Independence Hall) for the Israeli Declaration of Independence, 14 May 1948

Carl Rubin (1899–1955) was an architect mostly active in the international style with projects focused around Tel Aviv.

Biography[edit]

Carl Rubin was born in 1899 in Galicia, and studied architecture in Vienna. In 1920, Rubin decided to move to Eretz Israel and settle in Tel Aviv for some time. During his stay, Rubin planned gardens, residential and public buildings. In 1931, Rubin began working as an apprentice in the office of Erich Mendelsohn, a Jewish architect at that time working in Berlin. The influence of the original style of Mendelsohn would later be evident in Rubin's projects.[1][2]

In 1932, Rubin decided to return to the country and settled again in Tel Aviv. In this second period in the country Rubin opened his own architectural office. Rubin was a prominent Jewish architect, with a prolific career. Carl Rubin is an example from Erich Mendelsohn's circle (in addition to those from the Bauhaus, and the circle of Le Corbusier) important in contributing to the development of Tel Aviv towards the UNESCO recognition of the "White City" as a World Heritage Site.[3]

Projects[edit]

Rubin designed numerous residential complexes in Tel Aviv, one such building dated 1932 at Rothschild Boulevard 85, sold for 7 million dollars.[4]

One of Rubin's important design accomplishments was his remodeling of what would become Israel's Independence Hall (at Rothschild Boulevard 16) when in 1932 Mayor of Tel Aviv Meir Dizengoff donated his house to become the first home of the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. Rubin made the plan and elevations symmetrical, and removed the architectural ornament. His modifications characterised the appearance of the building from its time beginning as the art museum to the time of the declaration to the present.[5]

During 1935–1936, Rubin was the architect of the office building Beit Hadar, the first in Tel Aviv with a steel frame structure.[6][7][8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Carl Rubin". Artlog. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Bauhaus - Architects: Carl Rubin". Bauhaus.co.il. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Tel Aviv (Israel) No 1096". UNESCO. p. 57. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Raz Smolsky (21 October 2007). "קדחת רכישות: שני מבנים לשימור בשדרות רוטשילד בתל אביב נמכרו בכ-7 מיליון דולר כל אחד" [Fever of acquisitions: two buildings on Rothschild Boulevard in Tel Aviv, conserved and sold for approximately 7 million dollars each]. Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Dizengoff House". Tel Aviv In Focus. 10 May 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  6. ^ "The Streets of Tel Aviv: The New City and Its Setting". Stanford University. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Public Buildings". Artlog. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  8. ^ Photo: Itzhak Kalter, Beit Hadar under construction, 1936 in Yona Fischer, ed. Tel-Aviv: 75 Years of Art. Tel Aviv: Massada, 1984