|Born||July 3, 1914|
|Died||May 30, 1953(aged 38)|
|Formula One World Championship career|
|Active years||1951, 1953|
|First race||1951 Indianapolis 500|
|Last race||1953 Indianapolis 500|
Carl Scarborough (July 3, 1914 – May 30, 1953) was an American racecar driver. He died from heat exhaustion during the 1953 Indianapolis 500, a race in which several drivers experienced heat-related illness. The race was Scarborough's second entry in the Indianapolis 500. He had also been the national champion in both big car and midget car racing. After he died, race officials announced plans to inspect Indy 500 vehicles for suitable ventilation.
Early life and career
Scarborough was born in Benton, Illinois on July 3, 1914. Before his entries in the Indianapolis 500, he had participated in "outlaw" racing in Michigan, Indiana and Ohio. Early in his racing career, Scarborough sat out for two years after sustaining injuries as the passenger in a car crash. In 1946, Scarborough was the national midget car racing champion. He also won the national big car title that year, becoming the first driver named the Central States Racing Association national champion in both categories.
While attempting to qualify for the 1951 Indianapolis 500, he ran the second fastest qualifying lap that had ever been recorded at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. He finished 18th in that race; within four years, eleven of the 35 men in the 1951 race's starting lineup had died, mostly in race-related incidents.
Death and legacy
Scarborough started the 1953 Indianapolis 500 on the seventh row. He qualified for the race with an average speed of 135.936 miles per hour. During Scarborough's first pit stop, he felt sick from the heat and fumes at the race. After a fuel spill during the pit stop, a minor fire broke out involving the side of Scarborough's car. Scarborough climbed over the pit wall and collapsed onto a chair. Bob Scott replaced Scarborough on the track. Scott's own car had experienced mechanical difficulties early in the race. He finished the race for Scarborough in twelfth place.
Scarborough was taken to the speedway's hospital, where he died. His temperature was recorded as 104 degrees on admission to the hospital. Physicians there unsuccessfully performed open-heart massage before Scarborough was pronounced dead. The temperature was 91 degrees in Indianapolis that day; nine drivers were treated for heat-related illness. Driver Pat Flaherty suffered minor injuries when he fainted and crashed into a wall later in the race. The track temperature reached 130 degrees.
Scarborough was the second person to die at that year's event. Chet Miller died in a crash during a practice run before the official start of the race. The winner of that year's race, Bill Vukovich, died at the 1955 Indianapolis 500 after a crash related to a broken connecting rod. At the time of his death, Scarborough lived in Clarkston, Michigan with his wife and three children. He had been racing in some capacity for 18 years. After Scarborough's death, Indy 500 officials instituted a new rule that cars would be inspected to ensure adequate ventilation before the following year's race. Scarborough was elected to the Michigan Motor Sports Hall of Fame in 1985.
Indy 500 results
- "Carl Scarborough". ESPN F1. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Reed, Terry (2005). Indy: The Race and Ritual of the Indianapolis 500. Potomac Books. p. 163. ISBN 1574889079.
- "Carl Scarborough shatters record". Toledo Blade. July 3, 1947. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Test second fastest". Spokane Daily Chronicle. May 19, 1951. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Rookie drivers hike speed mortalities". The Daytona Beach News-Journal. May 26, 1955. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Starting lineup at Indianapolis". Schenectady Gazette. May 26, 1953. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Davidson, Donald and Rick Schaffer (2006). Autocourse Official History of the Indianapolis 500. MBI Publishing Company. p. 127. ISBN 1905334206.
- O'Leary, Mike (2005). Rodger Ward: Superstar of American Racing's Golden Age. MotorBooks International. p. 43. ISBN 0760321779.
- Allan, Chris (May 27, 1972). "Indy tension high with new speeds". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Grimsley, Will (May 31, 1953). "Bill Vukovich wins Indianapolis classic". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "It could be a hot one in today's Indy 500 race". The Register-Guard. May 27, 1972. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Rites held today for Scarborough, "500" victim". The News-Sentinel. June 1, 1953. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Ladow, William (May 16, 2007). "Cross set the standard for rookies". Post-Tribune. Retrieved November 29, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)|
- "Entry fee at Indianapolis is doubled". The Gettysburg Times. October 15, 1953. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Carl Scarborough. Michigan Motor Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- Carl Scarborough driver statistics at Racing Reference