|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2007)|
Carl Friedrich Theodor Strehlow (23 December 1871 – 20 October 1922) was a German Lutheran missionary and ethnologist in outback Australia who headed the Finke River Mission in Hermannsburg, Northern Territory from 1894.
Strehlow was born in Fredersdorf (today part of Zichow), Uckermark in the Prussian province of Brandenburg. From 1888 he was educated at the seminary of the Bavarian Lutheran Church in Neuendettelsau, Ansbach, graduating in 1891 and becoming ordained the following year.
Strehlow began his missionary work in the Killalpaninna (Bethesda) Mission at Cooper Creek in South Australia, before he was appointed head of the abandoned mission in Hermannsburg, which he led for 28 years until his death. He learnt and documented the languages of the Arrernte and Luritja people, and published together with Moritz von Leonhardi a seven-volume work on their culture. His son, Ted Strehlow, continued this work.
Sickened Strehlow died on his way to the Oodnadatta railway station at Horseshoe Bend near Titjikala. He is commemorated by the Carl Strehlow Memorial Hospital at Hermannsburg and the Strehlow Research Centre in Alice Springs.
- Carl Strehlow: Die Aranda- und Loritja-Stämme in Zentral-Australien, Ed. Städtisches Völkerkunde-Museum Frankfurt am Main and Moritz Freiherr v. Leonhardi, Vol. 1-5, Frankfurt 1907-1920
- Ewangelia Lukaka. (Gospel of St. Luke in the Aranda or Arunta language.), 1925. London: B. & F.B.S.
- Walter F. Veit: Strehlow, Carl Friedrich Theodor (1871–1922), Australian Dictionary of Biography
- Ted Strehlow: Journey to Horseshoe Bend