Carl von Rosenstein (born Carl Aurivillius on 13 May 1766 in Uppsala; died 2 December 1836) was Archbishop of Uppsala from 1819 to 1836. Before that he served as Bishop of Linköping from 1809 to 1819. His family tree included scientists such as Sven Magnus Aurivillius and Per Olof Christopher Aurivillius. The "von Rosenstein" name came through an adoption - it was his mother's family name. His grandfather was Uppsala University professor of medicine Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.
In addition to being archbishop he was also a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from 1809 and of the Swedish Academy from 1819. He belonged to the Swedish nobility.