Carleton (Ontario electoral district)

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For the defunct provincial riding, see Carleton (Ontario provincial electoral district).

Carleton was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1968. It was represented in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada from 1821 to 1840 and in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 until 1866.

The riding was created by the British North America Act of 1867. However, the riding has existed since 1821 in the Parliament of Upper Canada and the Parliament of the Province of Canada. It originally consisted of Carleton County. In 1966, it was redistributed into the new electoral districts of Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew, Ottawa Centre, Ottawa West and Ottawa—Carleton.

Riding history[edit]

The federal riding consisted initially of Carleton County. In 1882, it was redefined to consist of the townships of Nepean, North Gower, Marlboro, March, Torbolton and Goulbourn, and the village of Richmond. In 1903, it was redefined to consist of the county of Carleton, excluding the city of Ottawa and the townships of Gloucester and Osgoode.

In 1914, it was redefined to include parts of the city of Ottawa not included in either the electoral district of Ottawa or Rideau Ward of Ottawa.

In 1924, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the townships of Gloucester and Osgoode and that part of the city of Ottawa lying east of a line drawn from south to north along the Canadian Pacific Railway line, Somerset Street, Bayswater Avenue, Bayview Road, and Mason Street to the Ottawa River.

In 1933, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview, the village of Rockcliffe Park and the part of the city of Ottawa lying east of Parkdale Avenue.

In 1947, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview and the village of Rockcliffe Park, and including the parts of Victoria and Elmdale wards in the city of Ottawa west of Parkdale Avenue, the part of Dalhousie ward south of Carling Avenue, the part of Capital ward south of Carling Avenue and Linden Terrace, and the part of Riverdale ward south of Riverdale Avenue and west of Main Street.

In 1952, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton (excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview and the village of Rockcliffe Park), and the part of the city of Ottawa west of a line drawn from north to south along Parkdale Avenue, east along Carling Avenue, north along O'Connor Street, east along Linden Terrace to the Rideau Canal, south along the canal, east along Echo Drive, northeast along Riverdale Avenue, south along Main Street, southwest along the Rideau River.

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew, Ottawa Centre, Ottawa West and Ottawa—Carleton ridings.

The riding is set to be recreated in 2015 by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and is to be legally defined in the 2013 representation order. Initially, the riding was known as Rideau—Carleton. 40.58% of the riding comes from the riding of Carleton—Mississippi Mills, 59.37% from Nepean—Carleton and 0.04% from Ottawa South. It will come into effect upon the call of the next federal election, currently scheduled for October 2015.

2011 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote  %
  Conservative 28,928 61.67
  Liberal 9,786 20.86
  New Democratic Party 6,262 13.35
  Green 1,932 4.12

Members of Parliament of Upper Canada[edit]

(returned two members from 1831 to 1840)
  1. William Morris (1821–1825)
  2. George Thew Burke (1825–1829)
  3. Thomas Mabon Radenhurst (1829–1831)
  4. Hamnett Kirkes Pinhey (1831) and John Bower Lewis (1831–1840)
  5. George Lyon (1831–1835)
  6. Edward Malloch (1835–1840)

Members of Parliament of the Province of Canada[edit]

  1. James Johnston, Reformer (1841–1846)
  2. George Lyon, Conservative (1846–1848)
  3. Edward Malloch (1848–1854)
  4. William F. Powell, Conservative (1854–1866)

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
1st 1867–1872     John Holmes Liberal-Conservative
2nd 1872–1874     John Rochester Conservative
3rd 1874–1878
4th 1878–1882
5th 1882–1887     John A. Macdonald Liberal-Conservative
6th 1887–1888
1888–1891     George Lemuel Dickinson Conservative
7th 1891–1896     William Thomas Hodgins Conservative
8th 1896–1900
9th 1900–1904     Edward Kidd Conservative
10th 1904–1905
1905–1908     Robert Borden Conservative
11th 1908–1909
1909–1911     Edward Kidd Conservative
12th 1911–1912
1912–1917     William Foster Garland Conservative
13th 1917–1921     George Boyce Unionist
14th 1921–1925     William Foster Garland Conservative
15th 1925–1926
16th 1926–1930
17th 1930–1935
18th 1935–1940     Alonzo Hyndman Conservative
19th 1940     National Government
1940–1945     George Russell Boucher Conservative
20th 1945–1948     Progressive Conservative
1948–1949     George A. Drew Progressive Conservative
21st 1949–1953
22nd 1953–1957
23rd 1957–1958     Dick Bell Progressive Conservative
24th 1958–1962
25th 1962–1963
26th 1963–1965     Cyril Lloyd Francis Liberal
27th 1965–1968     Dick Bell Progressive Conservative
Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew, Ottawa Centre,
Ottawa West, and Ottawa—Carleton after 1968
Carleton—Mississippi Mills, Nepean—Carleton, and Ottawa South prior to 2015

Federal election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Holmes 1,087
Conservative John Rochester 1,006
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Rochester 1,024
Unknown John Holmes 901
Unknown William Montgomery 6
Unknown J. Mills 2
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Rochester 870
Unknown John Holmes 631
Unknown J. Wallace 347
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Rochester 1,282
Unknown John May 1,196
Unknown J. A. Grant 86
Unknown Nicholas Sparks, Jr. 14
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John A. Macdonald 1,185
Unknown John May 629
Unknown Erskine Henry Bronson 617
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John A. Macdonald 1,691
Liberal John K. Stewart 606

On the election of J.A. Macdonald to sit for Kingston:

By-election on 1 February 1888
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson 1,524
Unknown W. F. Powell 951
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Thomas Hodgins 1,494
Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson 1,451
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William T. Hodgins 1,337
Liberal John McKellar 1,128
Independent J.S. Hendricks 299
McCarthyite Thomas Butler 50
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Kidd 1,611
Liberal John McKellar 884
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Kidd 2,055
Liberal James E. Caldwell 1,178

On Mr. Kidd's resignation, 19 January 1905, to provide a seat for Robert Laird Borden:

By-election on 4 February 1905
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Robert Laird Borden acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Robert Laird Borden 2,667
Liberal James Ernest Caldwell 1,297

On Mr. Borden being elected for Halifax and Carleton and on his choosing to sit for Halifax, 25 January 1909:

By-election on 22 February 1909
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Kidd acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Kidd 2,616
Liberal Donald Hector MacLean 1,339

On Mr. Kidd's death, 16 September 1912:

By-election on 30 October 1912
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Government (Unionist) George Boyce 5,290
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Frederick Henry Honeywell 2,669
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland 5,537
Liberal William Lochead Gourlay 4,142
Progressive Bower Henry 3,474
Independent Edward Hill Good 257
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,757
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 5,748
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,415
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 5,744
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,317
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 7,027
Independent Conservative Robert Ormond Morris 2,369
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Alonzo Bowen Hyndman 6,872
Liberal Herbert Samuel Arkell 5,919
Reconstruction Herman Ralph James 3,431
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
National Government Alonzo Bowen Hyndman 7,736
Liberal Herbert Samuel Arkell 6,617

On Mr. Hyndman's death, 9 April 1940:

By-election on 19 August 1940
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative George Russell Boucher 6,045
New Democracy John Nelson McCracken 1,483
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative G. Russell Boucher 10,916
Liberal Leonard Anthony Davis 5,309
Co-operative Commonwealth Douglas D. Irwin 1,309

On Mr. Boucher's resignation, 1 November 1948:

By-election on 20 December 1948
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative George Drew 12,284
Co-operative Commonwealth Eugene Forsey 3,371
Social Credit J. Nelson McCracken 451
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative George Drew 18,141
Liberal John H. McDonald 13,937
Co-operative Commonwealth Eugene Forsey 2,155
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative George Drew 20,137
Liberal John H. McDonald 14,676
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,075
Social Credit Eric Kingsley Fallis 562
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Richard Albert Bell 27,865
Liberal Frank Egan Dunlap 15,298
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,334
Social Credit Eric Kingsley Fallis 607
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Richard Albert Bell 32,741
Liberal George Humble 13,652
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,777
Social Credit Grace Gough 355
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Richard Albert Bell 32,125
Liberal Lloyd Francis 26,109
New Democratic Lewis Hanley 3,024
Social Credit Harold Herbert Splett 922
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Lloyd Francis 32,325
Progressive Conservative Richard Albert Bell 31,168
New Democratic Lewis Hanley 3,144
Social Credit Harold Herbert Splett 699
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Richard Albert Bell 32,456
Liberal Lloyd Francis 31,523
New Democratic Donald V. Stirling 9,953

See also[edit]

External links[edit]