20 September 1860|
|Died||20 June 1955
Casanova Lanza, Italy
Theory of elasticity
|Alma mater||Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa|
|Known for||Somigliana identity|
Carlo Somigliana (20 September 1860 – 20 June 1955) was an Italian mathematician and a classical mathematical physicist faithful to the school of Enrico Betti and Eugenio Beltrami. He made important contributions in elasticity. The Somigliana integral equation for elasticity is the equivalent of Green's formula for potential theory. He is also known for the Somigliana dislocations. His other contributions included seismic wave propagation and gravimetry. Also, one of his ancestors was Alessandro Volta: precisely the great Como physicist was an ancestor of Carlo's mother, Teresa Volta.
Carlo Somigliana began his university study at Pavia, where he was a student of Eugenio Beltrami. Later he transferred to Pisa and had Betti among his teachers, and Volterra among his contemporaries. He graduated from Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa in 1881. In 1887 Somigliana began teaching as an assistant at the University of Pavia. In 1892, as the result of a competition, he was appointed as University Professor of Mathematical Physics. Somigliana was called to Turin in 1903 to become the Chair of Mathematical Physics. He held the post until his retirement in 1935, and moved to live in Milan. During the World War II, his apartment in Milan was destroyed. After the war he retreated to his family villa in Casanova Lanza and stayed active in research until near his death in 1955.
- See paragraph 6.6 of the paper by Chang & Chang (2005), and also Fichera (1979, pp. 17–18).
- See the biographical sketch of Tricomi (1962).
- According to Fichera (1979, p. 17): this paper sketches also the life and contributions of many Italian scientists working in the theory of elasticity, including Enrico Betti, Eugenio Beltrami, Giacinto Morera, Vito Volterra.
- Agostinelli, Cataldo (1955), "Necrologio di Carlo Somigliana", Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana, Serie 3 (in Italian) 10 (4): 650–656, Zbl 0066.00802. The "Obituary of Carlo Somigliana".
- Fichera, Gaetano (1979), "Il contributo italiano alla teoria matematica dell'elasticità", Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo, Serie II (in Italian), XXVIII (1): 5–26, doi:10.1007/BF02849579, MR 0564544, Zbl 0433.73002. "The Italian contribution to the mathematical theory of elasticity" is a survey paper describing the Italian contributions to the field of elasticity, including brief sketches of the biographies of the main scientists involved.
- Roero, C.S. (4 February 2005), Carlo Somigliana (20/09/1860–19/06/1955) (in Italian), retrieved 11 January 2011.
- Tricomi, G. F. (1962), Carlo Somigliana, "Matematici italiani del primo secolo dello stato unitario (Italian mathematicians of the first century of the unitary state)", Memorie dell'Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. Classe di Scienze fisiche matematiche e naturali, series IV (in Italian) I: 120, Zbl 0132.24405. Available from the website of the Società Italiana di Storia delle Matematiche.
- Cheng, Alexander H.-D.; Cheng, Daisy T. (2005), "Heritage and early history of the boundary element method", Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 29 (3): 268–302, doi:10.1016/j.enganabound.2004.12.001, Zbl 1182.65005.
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