|Date of birth||31 January 1928|
|Place of birth||Santa Marta, Colombia|
|Date of death||19 August 2014(aged 86)|
|Place of death||Los Angeles, United States |
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Born in Santa Marta, Arango began his professional football career with Deportes Caldas in 1948, and he would win the league title with Caldas in 1950. He was the only Colombian player in Deportes Samario's first professional squad in 1950. He also played for Atlético Nacional, Santa Fe, Independiente Medellín, Cúcuta Deportivo and Millonarios in Colombia, Monarcas Morelia in Mexico, and La Salle, Vasco and Litoral in Venezuela.
Arango made 22 appearances and scored six goals for the Colombia national football team from 1946 to 1965. He scored Colombia's first goal in FIFA World Cup qualifying, a header against Uruguay in Bogota on 16 June 1957.
On 19 August 2014, The former Colombia striker, known as "El Maestro" has died at the age of 86. 
- Deportes Caldas statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Nacional statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Santa Fe statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Medellín statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Cúcuta statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Unión Magdalena statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Millonarios statistics @ Golgolgol.net
- Ascencio, Jose Orlando (5 November 1999). "A LA TIERRA DEL OLVIDO" [In the land of forgetfulness] (in Spanish). El Tiempo.
- Ruiz M., Juan Guillermo (31 January 2012). "Un día como hoy en el fútbol: Enero 31" [On this day in football: January 31]. GolGolGol Futbol.
- Ruiz Bonilla, Guillermo (19 December 2007). "Estrellas de 1952" [Stars of 1952] (in Spanish). El Espectador.
- Ballesteros, Frank (31 May 2012). "Colombia - Record International Players". RSSSF.
- "Carlos Arango Medina hizo historia en el fútbol nacional" [Carlos Arango Medina made history in international football] (in Spanish). Arcotriunfal.com. Retrieved 17 December 2012.