Carlos Arniches

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Carlos Arniches
Carlos Arniches.jpg
Carlos Arniches
Born (1866-10-11)11 October 1866
Alicante, Spain
Died 16 April 1943(1943-04-16) (aged 76)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Occupation playwright
This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Arniches and the second or maternal family name is Barreda.

Carlos Arniches (11 October 1866 – 16 April 1943)[1] was a Spanish playwright, born in Alicante. His prolific work, drawing on the traditions of the género chico, the zarzuela and the grotesque, came to dominate the Spanish comic theatre in the early twentieth century.

After starting his career as a novelist and journalist,[2] Arniches turned to theatre in 1888 with the publication of his first play, Casa editorial. Much of his work is set in lower-class Madrid and uses colloquial language, song, dance and music.[3]

Arniches was complimented in a 1935 interview by Federico García Lorca, often a scathing critic of Spanish theatre in the 1920s and 1930s, as 'more of a poet than almost any of those who are writing theatre in verse at the moment'.[4]

Following the consolidation of the Franco regime after the Spanish Civil War, the social dramas of Carlos Arniches were among the relatively non-controversial plays allowed by the new government.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Arniches (y Barrera), Carlos" in The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 577.
  2. ^ Dowling 2011, para. 1 of 3
  3. ^ Dowling 2011, para. 3 of 3
  4. ^ "Federico García Lorca y el teatro de hoy", interview with Nicolás González Deleito, in García Lorca 1997, p. 564
  5. ^ Vilches de Frutos 1999, p. 513

References[edit]

  • Dowling, Gwyneth (29 October 2011). "Carlos Arniches Barreda". Out of the Wings: Authors, Plays & Translators. King's College, London. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  • García Lorca, Federico (1997). Miguel García-Posada, ed. Obras Completas III: Prosa. Barcelona: Círculo de Lectores/Galaxia Gutenberg. 
  • Vilches de Frutos, M.F. (1999). "Theatre". In Rodgers, Eamonn. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture. London: Routledge. pp. 513–516.