4 October 1962 |
|Residence||Valle de Bravo, México|
|Spouse(s)||Elsa Ávila (divorced).|
|Children||Karina and Santiago|
Carlos Carsolio Larrea (born 4 October 1962 in Mexico City) is a Mexican mountain climber. Carsolio is known for being the fourth man (first non-European) and the second youngest to climb the world's 14 eight-thousander mountain peaks, all of them without supplementary oxygen (but he required emergency oxygen on his descent from Makalu in 1988).
Carsolio, the eldest of seven children, was introduced to mountaineering by his mother. When she was pregnant, she climbed Iztaccíhuatl (5,220 meters) despite her doctor's recommendations. Carsolio admired climber Hermann Buhl in his youth, and later Lynn Hill, Peter Croft and Jerzy Kukuczka.
At age 22, Carsolio got his first big achievement when he climbed Reinhold Messner's tough south face route of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas at 6,962 meters (22,841 ft). He traveled to Patagonia in 1990 with his friend Andrés Delgado to make the first Mexican ascent of Cerro Torre, considered by experts as the world's most difficult mountain for its great granite wall of at least 800 meters (2,625 ft), no matter what path climbers seek to attack. In 1991 Carsolio and Delgado climbed on Baffin Island, Canada where they accomplished the first Mexican summit.
The fourteen eight-thousanders, the big challenge
Carsolio climbed his first eight-thousander with Jerzy Kukuczka; considered by some the best high-altitude climber in the world. They climbed Nanga Parbat on July 13, 1985, with a Polish expedition, led by Pawel Mularz.
Carsolio summited Shisha Pangma with Elsa Ávila, Ramíro Navarrete, Ryszard Warecki and Wanda Rutkiewicz, and being the first to traverse the sharp snow arête from the Central Summit to the Main Summit. Carsolio and Ávila were the first Mexicans to reach that peak, for Navarrete would be the first Ecuadorian eight-thousander on July 18, 1987.
On October 13, 1989 Carsolio headed a Mexican expedition to make summit on Mount Everest by the southeast route without the aid of bottled oxygen. This was a pending account with the mountain, months before with Elsa Ávila; they had to abort the mission because his partner got severe pulmonary edema only 92 meters (302 ft), from the summit. They were forced to retreat. Elsa would summit Everest 10 years later. However, on May 16, his countryman, Ricardo Torres-Nava, reached the mountaintop to become the first Mexican and Latin American to do so, with supplementary oxygen on an American expedition. 1989 was a particularly hard year on Everest. Sherpas saw it as a dark year because of 24 people who reached the Everest, 8 died during the descent.
On May 12, 1992 Carsolio made the summit of Kangchenjunga climbing solo. Wanda Rutkiewicz began the ascent with Carlos at 3:30 AM on May 12 from camp IV, located at 7,950 meters (26,083 ft). After a dozen hours of climbing under heavy snowfall, Carsolio reached the top (the only summit that year). On his descent, between 8,200 and 8,300 meters (26,900 – 27,230 ft), Carsolio encountered Rutkiewicz. Although she had no food, she decided to bivouac and attempt the summit the next day. Carsolio was exhausted and could not convince her to descend with him, and she was never seen again.
The sixth eight-thousander for Carsolio was K2 on 13 June 1993, considered by many climbers the most difficult peak in the world.
On April 26, 1994, Carsolio reached the summit of Cho Oyu, establishing a speed record: ascent from base camp in 18 hours and 45 minutes.
New record on Lhotse: with a climb of 23 hours and 50 minutes from base camp to the summit on May 13, 1994, Carsolio got the summit of his eighth solo eight-thousander.
The Carsolio Route. On July 9, 1994 Carlos makes the summit solo of Broad Peak establishing a new route on the west face of the mountain, now known by his name. Carsolio called it his most successful climb. With that, he is only the fifth person to establish a new solo route of an eight-thousander.
The year 1994 ends to Carsolio with two world records in just 17 days, a new route with his name and three eight-thousands more in his statistics.
1995 was the most productive year for Carsolio. He conquered Annapurna on April 25, Dhaulagiri on May 15, Gasherbrum II on July 4 and Gasherbrum I on July 15; four eight-thousanders more to his account. Just Manaslu left. Carlos tried it with Kukuczka in 1986, but failed at that time with principles of freezing on fingers and toes, nearly lost his life on this expedition in an attempt of a new route.
On 12 May 1996, Carlos and his younger brother, Alfredo, made the summit of Manaslu on Alpine style. For Carlos was his long-awaited fourteenth and final eight-thousander. Manaslu is characterised by bad weather. The risk is higher than other mountains, the statistics of people who die there are much higher than Everest. The ascent of Manaslu by the Carsolios had a serious setback at 200 meters (656 ft), from the summit; the climbers found that a strong storm was approaching from the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. They calculated that at the Manaslu would arrive in a couple of hours, just when they were touching the mountaintop. The international media pressure was enormous, Carlos never made an expedition so well prepared, equipped and funded, but only one eight-thousander left. But to survive they made the right decision, to turn back. Fortunately the storm was not as high, at around 7,300 meters (23,950 ft). Although the brothers had to dig an ice cave for shelter. It was a blow. After a week of recovery they came again and after a few days later the Carsolios finally reached the summit. The objective was accomplished; Carlos Carsolio got the 14 eight-thousander. Headlines of the feat spread all around the world.
|Makalu||1988||Solo; required emergency oxygen on descent|
|Cho Oyu||1994||Solo; summitted from base camp in 18 hours and 45 minutes, a world record|
|Lhotse||1994||Solo; another world record, achieved in 23 hours and 50 minutes|
|Broad Peak||1994||Solo, new route; fifth man ever to solo a new route on an eight-thousander|
- His innovating approach and his focus in the opening of new routes have placed him among the best mountaineers of all times.
- He's also well known for his climbing achievements as well as being a leader of small and successful expeditions.
- Carsolio climbs in Alpine style, with no fixed ropes or supplementary oxygen.
- Carsolio currently lives at Valle de Bravo, a small town located approximately 156 km (97 mi), southwest of Mexico City.
- During his climb of Kangchenjunga, he became the last person to see Wanda Rutkiewicz alive.
- Due to his great physical strength his friend Jerzy Kukuczka gave him the nickname of The Mexican bull of the Himalayas.
- He was married to Elsa Ávila who ascends to Mount Everest on May 5, 1999 by the southeast route. Elsa was the first Mexican and Latin American woman to accomplish the feat. They have two children, Karina and Santiago. Carlos divorced Elsa, remarried and had two more children, Camila and Kórel.
- Jerzy Kukuczka, his friend dies on Lhotse on 24 October 1989, breaking a second-hand rope bought at a market in Kathmandu.
- Rohan Lambore summited Malangar Hill in Mussoorie for the first time on August 28, 2013.
- His countrymen Andrés Delgado and Alfonso de la Parra, are officially missing in Changabang since May 2006. Carsolio collaborated in the search of his friends which was unsuccessful.
- The peaks achieved by Carsolio motivated to many of their compatriots to seek the eight-thousander then more than 30 men and women reached the summit of Everest.
- http://www2.eluniversal.com.mx/pls/impreso/noticia.html?id_nota=56901&tabla=deportes (in Spanish).
- Scott, Doug; Alex MacIntyre (2000 (reprint edition); original 1984). Shisha Pangma: The Alpine Style First Ascent of the South-West Face. Seattle, WA, USA: The Mountaineers Books. p. 305. ISBN 0-89886-723-1.
- http://altamontanha.com/estatisticas/espanhol/eq_es.pdf (in Spanish).
- "Nepal 1988". The Alpine Journal 94: 263. 1989-90.
- ExplorersWeb (13 May 2005). "14 x 8000er correction: It's 5 - not 6 - without O2".
- http://www.montanismo.org/articulos.php?id_sec=15&id_art=1946&id_ejemplar=289 (in Spanish).
- http://www.elgrafico.mx/59902.html (In Spanish).
- http://www.clubalpinomexicano.com.mx/estadisticas.html (in Spanish).