Carlos Humberto Romero

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Carlos Humberto Romero
Humberto Romero 1977.jpg
President of El Salvador
In office
July 1, 1977 – October 15, 1979
Preceded by Arturo Armando Molina
Succeeded by Revolutionary Government Junta
Personal details
Born Carlos Humberto Romero Mena
(1924-02-29) February 29, 1924 (age 90)
Chalatenango, El Salvador
Nationality Salvadorian

General Carlos Humberto Romero Mena (born February 29, 1924 in Chalatenango) is a former President of El Salvador, elected on February 20, 1977 in a fraudulent election and inaugurated on July 1, 1977.[1] Romero held power until October 1979 when he was deposed with a reformist coup d'état by dissident, politically conservative and moderate military officers and civilians.[2] The coup d'état that deposed President-General Humberto Romero was preamble to El Salvador's twelve-year civil war. Romero was a member of the National Conciliation Party,[1] and also served as Defense Minister from 1972 to 1973. President-General Romero's rule was military dictatorship in the style of his predecessors. Romero's time in office was largely characterized by escalating violence and instability. In the late 1970s, political unrest increased, because of El Salvador's severe socio-economic inequalities unaddressed by his government and widespread discontent with government policy culminated in widespread protest and rebellion, which was met with reprisal by government forces. In response, security forces and government death squads regularly tortured and assassinated unionists, clergy, intellectuals, independent farmers, university officials and demonstrators. Government repression killed 687 civilians in 1978 and an additional 1,796 in 1979.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Romero foes charge fraud in El Salvador
  2. ^ El Salvador coup leaders promise free elections
  3. ^ Socorro Jurídico Cristiano (Stanley 1996, 1-2, 222)
Political offices
Preceded by
Arturo Armando Molina
President of El Salvador
1977–1979
Succeeded by
Revolutionary Government Junta