Carlos Páez Vilaró
|Carlos Páez Vilaró|
Carlos Páes Vilaró in 2009.
1 November 1923 |
|Occupation||Painter, potter, sculptor, muralist, writer, composer, constructor.|
|Spouse(s)||Madelón Rodríguez Gómez (1955–61)
Annette Deussen (m. 1989)
|Children||Carlos Miguel, Mercedes, Agó, Sebastián, Florencio, and Alejandro.|
|Carlos Páez Vilaró|
Carlos Páez Vilaró (born 1 November 1923) is a Uruguayan abstract artist, painter, potter, sculptor, muralist, writer, composer and constructor.
Life and work
Carlos Páez Vilaró was born in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1923. He took up drawing in 1939 and relocated to Buenos Aires, where he worked as a printing apprentice in the industrial Barracas section of the Argentine capital. Returning to Montevideo in the late 1940s, he developed an interest in Afro-Uruguayan culture. Settling in Montevideo's primarily black neighbourhood of "Mediomundo" ("Middle Earth"), he studied the Candombé and Comparsa dances characteristic to the culture.
He composed numerous musical pieces in the two genres and conducted an orchestra. His group's congas and bongos were decorated with their leader's own thematic drawings, as well. His interest in the culture later led him to Brazil, home to the western hemisphere's largest population of African descent. Páez Vilaró was invited to exhibit some of this work by the Director of the Modern Art Museum of Paris, Jean Cassou, in 1956. He traveled to Dakar, Senegal, later that year - his first visit to Africa.
Increasingly well-known, Páez Vilaró was commissioned in 1959 to create a mural for a tunnel connecting a new annex to the Organization of American States' Washington, DC headquarters, the Pan American Union building. Originally intended to be no more than 15 metres (49 ft) in length, the completed mural (Roots of Peace) measured 155 metres (509 ft) long and nearly 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) high when unveiled in 1960. Extensive damage from humidity prompted the artist to repaint the mural in 1975.
He purchased a sea-front property on eastern Uruguay's scenic, then-desolate Punta Ballena in 1958, building a small, wooden lodge that over time became "Casapueblo" ("House-Village"). The sprawling compound, a whitewashed cement citadel reminiscent of Mykonos, was built in stages by the artist to resemble the mud nests created by the region's native hornero birds, and became his home, atelier and museum. Though he resided in Casapueblo - his "livable sculpture" - by 1968, Páez Vilaró continued to add on to the structure, at times creating a room for a particular guest. He later opened a section of Casapueblo to tourism as a hotel.
Páez Vilaró remained active in European and African culture, as well. He remained close with numerous friends from his days in Paris in the late 1950s, particularly Brigitte Bardot and Pablo Picasso, and in 1967, established a film production company ("Dahlia") with the help of European industrialists Gerard Leclery and Gunther Sachs. He traveled in numerous West African nations to make a documentary, Batouk, with director Jean-Jacques Manigot and poet Aimé Césaire.
The artist's first marriage, to Madelón Rodríguez Gómez, though brief, produced three children. One of them, Carlos "Carlitos" Páez Rodríguez, would later join the Stella Maris College "Old Christians" Rugby team; on 13 October 1972, Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 carrying the team crashed in the forbidding Andes range, between Chile and Mendoza Province, Argentina. Páez Vilaró joined the search and rescue mission for the 45 passengers, of which 16 survived, including his son, with whom he was reunited shortly after their 23 December rescue.
Páez Vilaró experienced difficulties in other areas of his life. He met Annette Deussen, an Argentine tourist, in 1976, and she had his child in 1984. Deussen was married to another man at the time, and the marriage dissolved in 1986; she and Páez Vilaró married in 1989. Her former spouse, however, continued his legal fight for the child for over a decade, even after Páez Vilaró's paternity was established by tests. The matter was ultimately resolved in the Páez Vilarós' favor in 1999.
He continued to create murals and sculptures for varied government offices, corporate headquarters, private homes, and other buildings. He created 12 murals in Argentina, 16 in Brazil, 4 in Chad, 3 in Chile, 4 in Gabon, 11 in the United States, and 30 in his native Uruguay, as well as a scattering of works elsewhere in Africa and in the Polynesian islands. He also designed a non-denominational chapel for a cemetery without crosses or headstones in San Isidro, Buenos Aires and rebuilt an abandoned house in nearby Tigre in 1989 in the manner of Casapueblo; he considers the San Isidro chapel his "greatest work." The artist, a father of six, divides his time between Casapueblo and "Bengala," his Tigre residence.
- Artist's bio
- ONSC: Carlos Páez Vilaró (Spanish)
- La Nación (Spanish)
- Access My Library: The Bright side of the tunnel
- Nueve franjas y un sol (Spanish)
- Clarín (Spanish)
- Páez Vilaró: Un personaje de novela. Gente(20 February 1969) (Spanish)
- imdb: Batouk
- Viven (Spanish)
- Clarín (12 October 1998) (Spanish)
- Clarín (7 November 1999) (Spanish)