Carlos Sainz

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Carlos Sainz
Carlos Sainz.jpg
Sainz interviewed before the 2009 Dakar Rally.
Personal information
Nationality Spain Spanish
Born (1962-04-12) 12 April 1962 (age 52)
World Rally Championship record
Active years 19872005
Teams Ford, Toyota, Lancia, Subaru, Citroën
Rallies 196
Championships 2 (1990, 1992)
Rally wins 26
Podiums 97
Stage wins 757[1]
Total points 1,242
First rally 1987 Rally Portugal
First win 1990 Acropolis Rally
Last win 2004 Rally Argentina
Last rally 2005 Acropolis Rally
This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Sainz and the second or maternal family name is Cenamor.

Carlos Sainz Cenamor (born 12 April 1962 in Madrid, Spain) is a Spanish ex-rally driver. He won the World Rally Championship drivers' title with Toyota in 1990 and 1992, and finished runner-up four times. Constructors' world champions to have benefited from Sainz are Subaru (1995), Toyota (1999) and Citroën (2003, 2004 and 2005).

Nicknamed El Matador, Sainz holds the WRC record for most career starts. He was also the first driver not from Scandinavia or Finland to win the 1000 Lakes Rally in Finland, and finished the Swedish Rally second four times and third twice, in this case without ever breaking the trend. Besides WRC successes, he has won the Dakar Rally (2010), the Race of Champions (1997) and the Asia-Pacific Rally Championship (1990). His co-drivers were Antonio Boto, Luís Moya and Marc Martí.

His son, Carlos Sainz, Jr., born in September 1994, won the 2009 Junior Monaco Kart Cup and began a professional formula racing career.

Career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Before moving into motorsport, multitalented Sainz played football and squash. As a teenager, Real Madrid gave him a trial and in squash he was the Spanish champion at the age of 16. He got his first touch of motorsport in Formula Ford while still playing squash and football. His parents hoped him to be a lawyer and were horrified when Sainz left university to concentrate full-time on his motorsport career.[2]

Ford (1987–88)[edit]

Sainz began rallying in 1980, and won the Spanish Rally Championship with a Ford Sierra RS Cosworth in 1987 and 1988.[3] He first appeared in the World Rally Championship with Ford during the 1987 season, finishing seventh at the Tour de Corse and eighth at the RAC Rally. The following season, he finished fifth twice; at the Tour de Corse and at the Rallye Sanremo. Sainz then left Ford to join the Toyota Team Europe, the Japanese marque's rallying arm operating in Cologne, Germany.

Toyota (1989–92)[edit]

1992 Toyota Celica GT-Four Carlos Sainz Limited Edition

Despite all previous rallying Toyota Celicas having only ever looked a competitive prospect on highly specialized endurance rallies such as the Safari Rally, the new combination of Toyota and Sainz rapidly rose in competitiveness. In the 1989 season, Sainz started with four retirements but then finished on the podium in three rallies in a row. His team-mate, by then two-time world champion Juha Kankkunen, also gave the Celica GT-Four ST165 its debut win at the inaugural Rally Australia. Sainz would almost certainly have won his first World Championship Rally on the final event of the season, the RAC Rally, but for mechanical failure in the final stages, which relegated him to second.

In the 1990 season, Sainz drove his GT-Four to victory at the Acropolis Rally, at the Rally New Zealand, at the 1000 Lakes Rally, as the first non-Nordic driver, and at the RAC Rally, claiming his first world drivers' title, ahead of Lancia's Didier Auriol and Kankkunen, ending the Italian marque's domination of the drivers' world championship since the advent of the Group A era of the sport in 1987.

In 1991, Sainz narrowly failed to defend his title against a resurgent Lancia-mounted Kankkunen, his efforts capped by a dramatic roll of his Celica in Australia which left him in a neckbrace. Both Sainz and Kankkunen took five wins, the first time in the history of the WRC that two drivers had managed such win tally during one season. Sainz led Kankkunen by one point going into the final round of the season, the RAC Rally, where Kankkunen took his third title by winning ahead of Kenneth Eriksson and Sainz. Kankkunen's and Sainz's point totals, 150 and 143, both broke the record set by Sainz a year earlier (140).

Aboard the new ST185 Toyota Celica in the 1992 season, in a year that would prove the last for the foreseeable future for Lancia, Sainz managed to score memorable victories on the Safari Rally and on his home asphalt round, the Rally Catalunya. The title fight again went down to the wire, and this time in a three-way battle; before the RAC, Sainz led Kankkunen by two points and Auriol, who had taken a record six wins during the season, by three points. Sainz's victory ahead of Ari Vatanen and Kankkunen, combined with Auriol's retirement, confirmed the title in favour of the Spaniard.

A limited number of 440 Celica GT-Four ST185s, carrying his name on a plaque in the vehicle, and with decals on the outside, were sold in the United Kingdom in 1992 in an attempt to capitalise on Sainz's two championship successes with the works team. These were the part of the 5,000 units of ST185 for WRC homologation. It is said that Sainz still keeps a Celica GT-Four given to him by Toyota, which he drives to Real Madrid games at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium.

Lancia (1993)[edit]

A Replica of an ex-Sainz Lancia Delta HF Integrale during Lancia centenary celebrations in Turin.

Such success, however, failed to coerce Sainz into staying with Toyota for the 1993 season. Instead, he moved to the private but Lancia-backed Jolly Club team. Although Lancia had won the previous year's manufacturers' title the Delta was an ageing design, and with minimal development work during the season it lost ground to newer cars. Sainz's only podium finish was his second place at the Acropolis Rally. He finished second on the San Remo Rally, but he and his team-mate were later disqualified for using illegal fuel. He finished eighth in the drivers' championship. Meanwhile, Lancia's factory team refugees Kankkunen and Auriol switched in the other direction to take his place at Toyota Team Europe, resulting in a title double for Toyota and Kankkunen.

Subaru (1994–95)[edit]

Sainz then chose to drive for the then fledgling Subaru World Rally Team in 1994, where he replaced Ari Vatanen. Sainz's experience, perfectionism and abilities as a development driver played a vital role in developing the then-new Impreza to the point where it could mount a sustained challenge to Toyota and Ford. Indeed, in the hands of Sainz and Colin McRae the Subarus were frequently faster than the Fords during the season. Toyota won the manufacturers' title, but the drivers' championship was only settled on the final round, with Didier Auriol winning ahead of Sainz. In the 1995 season, he won the Monte Carlo Rally, the Rally Portugal and the Rally Catalunya. At this latter event he was trailing his team-mate Colin McRae until the team ordered the Scotsman to slow down and allow Sainz to win, which led to a dispute between the drivers. Nevertheless, they were tied for the lead in the drivers' world championship going into the season-ending RAC Rally. McRae won his home event 36 seconds ahead of Sainz, despite losing time with mechanical difficulties that at one stage had put him two minutes behind. Subaru secured their first manufacturers' title with a triple win as the team's second young Briton, Richard Burns, finished third. Sainz was later to join McRae at both Ford and Citroën.

Ford (1996–97)[edit]

Sainz driving an Escort RS Cosworth at the 1996 1000 Lakes.

Sainz responded by rejoining Ford for the 1996 season. He spent two seasons with the squad, aboard the Ford Escort RS Cosworth and latterly, the Escort World Rally Car. In 1996, he won the inaugural Rally Indonesia and with five other podium finishes to his name, he took third place in the drivers' world championship, behind Mitsubishi's Tommi Mäkinen and Subaru's McRae. In the 1997 season, he again won the Indonesian round, along with the Acropolis Rally, but again lost the title fight to Mäkinen and McRae. However, he won the Race of Champions at the end of 1997.

Toyota (1998–99)[edit]

Sainz with a Toyota Corolla WRC at the 1999 Monte Carlo Rally.

Sainz then departed, once again, for Toyota, partnering Didier Auriol and helping to further the Corolla World Rally Car project that had been instituted in 1997, as part of the Cologne recovery from the embarrassment of exclusion from the world championship on the penultimate round of the 1995 season.

Sainz won on his first outing for them, on the 1998 season opener Monte Carlo Rally, and later in the season, added a victory in New Zealand. The seemingly terminal blow to title rival Tommi Mäkinen's chances was his retirement on the first day of the final event of the year, the Rally Great Britain, which gave the initiative to Sainz, who now only had to finish fourth in order to ensure the title. However, just 300 metres from the finish of the very last stage, he too was forced to retire from the needed fourth place with a mechanical problem. As a result, both Sainz and Toyota gifted their respective titles to rivals Mäkinen and Mitsubishi Ralliart.[4]

An ex-Sainz Corolla WRC at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.

A subdued season followed for Sainz in 1999, although it did at least culminate in a departing manufacturers' title for Toyota, by now fostering alternative interests in Formula One. Sainz took a total of eight podiums, but no wins, and finished fifth in the drivers' standings, behind his third-placed team-mate Auriol who had taken his only win of the season at the inaugural China Rally.

Ford (2000–02)[edit]

Sainz driving his Ford Focus WRC at the 2001 Rally Finland.

This was the precursor of another, three-year stint with Ford, again alongside McRae, beginning with the 2000 season. He won the inaugural edition of the Cyprus round of the world championship, and finished third in the drivers' points standings.

Sainz failed to score a victory on any rally during the 2001 season, but with five podiums and four other point-scoring finishes, he managed to keep himself in the title fight throughout the very closely contested season, eventually finishing sixth in the standings, only eleven points adrift of the champion, Subaru's Richard Burns. Meanwhile, team-mate McRae took three wins and led the championship before the season-ending Rally GB, where he crashed out. Ford also lost the manufacturers' title to Peugeot.

In 2002, Sainz inherited the victory of the Rally Argentina, having provisionally finished third, by virtue of the disqualifications of the two leading Peugeots of Marcus Grönholm and Burns. This was his only win of the season, and in a close fight for the second place in the drivers' championship, behind the dominant Grönholm, Sainz finished third, one point ahead of his team-mate McRae.

Citroën (2003–05)[edit]

Sainz with a Citroën Xsara WRC at the 2004 Rally Finland.

Effectively frozen out along with McRae at Ford, he along with the Scot moved to Citroën for the 2003, during which he scored one win in Turkey – which was the first gravel event win for Citroën Xsara WRC – and finished third in the championship. Sainz continued with the team in 2004 season, and scored his final world rally victory at the 2004 Rally Argentina. During the Rally Catalonya 2004, after announcing his retirement, Sainz was considered by drivers, codrivers and directors of the official teams, as the best rally driver of history.[5] In the championship, Sainz finished fourth, after missing out the final rally in Australia, due an accident during pre-event recce.[6]

Despite formally retiring at the end of the 2004 season, with a possible view to moving into the World Touring Car Championship, he was to actually find himself invited back to the WRC fold on the request of Citroën, to replace the faltering Belgian driver François Duval. Although Duval was soon to reclaim his seat, Sainz's two rallies back in the Citroën impressed many, with the now 43-year-old Spaniard posting fourth and third finishing positions respectively.

Later career[edit]

2006 saw a first participation for Sainz at the wheel of a Volkswagen in that year's Dakar Rally, sharing the cockpit with the two times winner of the Dakar Rally, Andreas Schulz. In 2007, he repeated his attempt with Volkswagen, this time with French Michel Perin, also a former winner of the raid. Following the resignation of Fernando Martin, he even ran, eventually in vain, for the vice-president position at his beloved football club Real Madrid C.F., for which he once trained. In 2007 Sainz won the FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup with the Volkswagen team. In 2008, he won the Central European Rally.[7] In January 2009, partnering again with Perin, he led the Dakar Rally until crashing out on the 12th stage.[8] Later in 2009 Sainz won Silk Way Rally with Volkswagen team.[9] At the 2010 Dakar Rally, Sainz changed again co-pilot, teaming with the also Spanish Lucas Cruz. Sainz edged out teammate Nasser Al-Attiyah to take his maiden win in the event.[10] In 2010 Sainz also won the Silk Way Rally for the second time. In 2011 Dakar Rally Sainz finished 3rd.

Sainz entered Dakar Rally 2013 in a brand-new two-wheel-drive buggy. His team-mate was former Dakar-winner Nasser Al-Attiyah and the team was supported by Qatar and Red Bull.[11] Sainz won the first stage, but faced later various problems and was finally forced to retire on the sixth stage due to an engine failure.[12] After the retirement Sainz commented that despite the result, "it was worth coming here with this concept ... I hope the experience will be useful for the future even if I'm not sure whether I'll come back”.[13] However, later Sainz announced he would like to be part of Qatar Red Bull Rally Team and return to the Dakar in 2014.[14] Sainz toke part in 2014 Dakar, but was forced to retire after a crash on stage 10.[15]

Volkswagen's WRC project[edit]

As Volkswagen announced its WRC entry for 2013, Sainz was announced to be part of the WRC project. Volkswagen's motorsport director Kris Nissen told that he needed "10 seconds" to convince Sainz to remain part of the company's efforts in the new programme. Nissen told that the team would need Sainz for some testing of the new car.[16] In November 2011, Sainz had the honour to drive first kilometres with the new Volkswagen Polo R WRC near Trier, Germany, when the team began testing the new car.[17] Late 2011, Nissen also revealed he would like to see Sainz taking part in some rally with the WRC Polo before he calls time on his career.[18] Early 2012 Sainz drove Polo WRC in its maiden gravel test in Spain with Sébastien Ogier[19] and in summer he tested Polo WRC in Finland.[20] In October Sainz re-joined his old co-driver Luis Moya again and preformed course car duties on the San Marino´s annual Rally Legend event with Volkswagen's new-for-2013 Polo R WRC.[21] In December 2012 Sainz dismissed the rumours he would drive Polo WRC in some WRC-rally in 2013, but stated he was available for testing, if needed.[22]

Sainz also returned to competing in 2012, as he entered a historic rally with his old co-driver Luis Moya in Spain. The pair competed in Porsche 911 rally car and won the rally.[23] The pair made a return to historic rallies in March 2013 by winning Rally de España Histórico with Porche 911.[24]

Peugeot´s Dakar project[edit]

In March 2014 it was announced that Peugeot will return to Dakar in 2015 and Sainz will join Cyril Despres to race for Peugeot, driving it´s Peugeot 2008 DKR. Dakar deal with Peugeot also means that Sainz leaves Volkswagen team.[25][26]

Recognitions[edit]

Titles[edit]

Sainz driving a Volkswagen Race Touareg during the 2007 Dakar Rally.
Season Title Car
1987 Spanish Rally Champion Ford Sierra RS Cosworth
1988 Spanish Rally Champion Ford Sierra RS Cosworth
1990 Asia-Pacific Rally Champion Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
1990 World Rally Champion Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
1992 World Rally Champion Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD ST185
1997 Champion of Champions Various
2007 FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup[29] Volkswagen Race Touareg
2010 2010 Dakar Rally Winner (cars) [30] Volkswagen Race Touareg

WRC victories[edit]

 #  Event Season Co-driver Car
1 Greece 37th Acropolis Rally 1990 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
2 New Zealand 20th Rothmans Rally of New Zealand 1990 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
3 Finland 40th 1000 Lakes Rally 1990 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
4 United Kingdom 46th Lombard RAC Rally 1990 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
5 Monaco 59ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1991 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
6 Portugal 25º Rallye de Portugal 1991 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
7 France 35ème Tour de Corse – Rallye de France 1991 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
8 New Zealand 21st Rothmans Rally of New Zealand 1991 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
9 Argentina 11º Rally Argentina 1991 Luís Moya Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165
10 Kenya 40th Martini Safari Rally Kenya 1992 Luís Moya Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD
11 New Zealand 22nd Rothmans Rally of New Zealand 1992 Luís Moya Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD
12 Spain 28º Rallye Catalunya-Costa Brava (Rallye de España) 1992 Luís Moya Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD
13 United Kingdom 48th Lombard RAC Rally 1992 Luís Moya Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD
14 Greece 41st Acropolis Rally 1994 Luís Moya Subaru Impreza 555
15 Monaco 63ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1995 Luís Moya Subaru Impreza 555
16 Portugal 29º TAP Rallye de Portugal 1995 Luís Moya Subaru Impreza 555
17 Spain 31º Rallye Catalunya-Costa Brava (Rallye de España) 1995 Luís Moya Subaru Impreza 555
18 Indonesia 21st Bank Utama Rally Indonesia 1996 Luís Moya Ford Escort RS Cosworth
19 Greece 44th Acropolis Rally of Greece 1997 Luís Moya Ford Escort WRC
20 Indonesia 22nd Rally Indonesia 1997 Luís Moya Ford Escort WRC
21 Monaco 66ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1998 Luís Moya Toyota Corolla WRC
22 New Zealand 28th Rally New Zealand 1998 Luís Moya Toyota Corolla WRC
23 Cyprus 28th Cyprus Rally 2000 Luís Moya Ford Focus RS WRC 00
24 Argentina 22º Rally Argentina 2002 Luís Moya Ford Focus RS WRC 02
25 Turkey 4th Rally of Turkey 2003 Marc Martí Citroën Xsara WRC
26 Argentina 24º Rally Argentina 2004 Marc Martí Citroën Xsara WRC

Complete WRC results[edit]

Year Entrant Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Pos Points
1987 Marlboro Rally Team Ford Sierra RS Cosworth MON SWE POR
Ret
KEN FRA
7
GRC USA NZL ARG FIN CIV ITA 35th 7
RAC de España GBR
8
1988 Carlos Sainz Ford Sierra RS Cosworth MON SWE POR
Ret
11th 26
Ford Motor Co KEN FRA
5
GRC USA NZL ARG FIN
6
CIV ITA
5
GBR
7
1989 Toyota Team Europe Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165 SWE MON
Ret
POR
Ret
KEN FRA
Ret
GRC
Ret
NZL ARG FIN
3
AUS ITA
3
CIV GBR
2
8th 39
1990 Toyota Team Europe Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165 MON
2
POR
Ret
KEN
4
FRA
2
GRC
1
NZL
1
ARG
2
FIN
1
AUS
2
ITA
3
CIV GBR
1
1st 140
1991 Toyota Team Europe Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165 MON
1
SWE POR
1
KEN
Ret
FRA
1
GRC
2
NZL
1
ARG
1
FIN
4
AUS
Ret
ITA
6
CIV ESP
Ret
GBR
3
2nd 143
1992 Toyota Team Europe Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD MON
2
SWE POR
3
KEN
1
FRA
4
GRC
Ret
NZL
1
ARG
2
FIN AUS
3
ITA CIV ESP
1
GBR
1
1st 144
1993 Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF Integrale MON
14
SWE POR
Ret
KEN FRA
4
GRC
2
ARG
Ret
NZL
4
FIN AUS
Ret
ITA
DSQ
ESP
Ret
GBR 8th 35
1994 555 Subaru World Rally Team Subaru Impreza 555 MON
3
POR
4
KEN FRA
2
GRC
1
ARG
2
NZL
Ret
FIN
3
ITA
2
GBR
Ret
2nd 99
1995 555 Subaru World Rally Team Subaru Impreza 555 MON
1
SWE
Ret
POR
1
FRA
4
NZL AUS
Ret
ESP
1
GBR
2
2nd 85
1996 Ford Motor Co Ford Escort RS Cosworth SWE
2
KEN
Ret
IDN
1
GRC
3
ARG
2
FIN
Ret
AUS
3
ITA
2
ESP
Ret
3rd 89
1997 Ford Motor Co Ford Escort WRC MON
2
SWE
2
KEN
Ret
POR
Ret
ESP
10
FRA
2
ARG
Ret
GRC
1
NZL
2
FIN
Ret
IDN
1
ITA
4
AUS
Ret
GBR
3
3rd 51
1998 Toyota Castrol Team Toyota Corolla WRC MON
1
SWE
2
KEN
Ret
POR
2
ESP
7
FRA
8
ARG
2
GRC
4
NZL
1
FIN
2
ITA
4
AUS
2
GBR
Ret
2nd 56
1999 Toyota Castrol Team Toyota Corolla WRC MON
Ret
SWE
2
KEN
3
POR
2
ESP
Ret
FRA
3
ARG
5
GRC
2
NZL
6
FIN
3
CHN
3
ITA
Ret
AUS
2
GBR
Ret
5th 44
2000 Ford Motor Co Ford Focus RS WRC 00 MON
2
SWE
Ret
KEN
4
POR
3
ESP
3
ARG
Ret
GRC
2
NZL
3
FIN
14
CYP
1
FRA
3
ITA
5
AUS
DSQ
GBR
4
3rd 46
2001 Ford Motor Co Ford Focus RS WRC 01 MON
2
SWE
3
POR
2
ESP
5
ARG
3
CYP
3
GRC
Ret
KEN
Ret
FIN
6
NZL
4
ITA
4
FRA
Ret
AUS
8
GBR
Ret
6th 33
2002 Ford Motor Co Ford Focus RS WRC 02 MON
3
SWE
3
FRA
6
ESP
Ret
CYP
11
ARG
1
GRC
3
KEN
Ret
FIN
4
GER
8
ITA
Ret
NZL
4
AUS
4
GBR
3
3rd 36
2003 Citroën Total Citroën Xsara WRC MON
3
SWE
9
TUR
1
NZL
12
ARG
2
GRC
2
CYP
5
GER
6
FIN
4
AUS
5
ITA
4
FRA
2
ESP
7
GBR
Ret
3rd 63
2004 Citroën Total Citroën Xsara WRC MON
Ret
SWE
5
MEX
3
NZL
6
CYP
3
GRC
19
TUR
4
ARG
1
FIN
3
GER
3
JPN
5
GBR
4
ITA
3
FRA
3
ESP
3
AUS 4th 73
2005 Citroën Total Citroën Xsara WRC MON SWE MEX NZL ITA CYP TUR
4
GRC
3
ARG FIN GER GBR JPN FRA ESP AUS 13th 11

Dakar Rally results[edit]

Year Class Vehicle Position Stages won
2006 Car Volkswagen 11 4
2007 9 5
2008 Event cancelled
2009 Car Volkswagen DNF 6
2010 1 2
2011 3 7
2013 Demon Jefferies DNF 1
2014 SMG DNF 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to World Rally Archive, Sainz won 756 stages. Sainz also won one special stage in Safari Rally 1991 (source: Auto Hebdo), that is not yet taken into account by www.juwra.com.
  2. ^ WRC.com – What made them famous: #2 Carlos Sainz Retrieved September 20, 2012
  3. ^ "Carlos Sainz". RallyBase. Retrieved November 17, 2008. 
  4. ^ HISTORY REVIEW/ Wales Rally GB 2013 - Rally of Legends
  5. ^ a b c d www.carlos-sainz.com – Statistics Retrieved March 28, 2013
  6. ^ crash.net – Sainz to miss Australia. Retrieved March 28, 2013
  7. ^ Central Europe Rally 2008 : The film of the stage
  8. ^ "Carlos Sainz crashes out of Dakar Rally". The Daily Telegraph (London). January 15, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009. 
  9. ^ Silk Way Rally 2009: classements retrieved September 14, 2009
  10. ^ Beer, Matt (January 16, 2010). "Sainz clinches Dakar Rally victory". Autosport. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  11. ^ WRC.com – WRC aces face new Dakar challenge Retrieved November 22, 2012
  12. ^ Carlos Sainz.com – Carlos Sainz abandona en el Dakar (Spanish) Retrieved January 10, 2013
  13. ^ Dakar.com – Stage 6 Quotes: Dakar Retrieved January 11
  14. ^ News – Carlos Sainz: Sainz vows to return to Dakar Retrieved March 9, 2013
  15. ^ autosport.co.uk - Dakar: Nasser Al-Attiyah wins stage 10 as Carlos Sainz crashes out Retrieved on 29th of March 2014
  16. ^ autosport.com – Polo WRC will run this year Retrieved June 3, 2011
  17. ^ Volkswagen Motorsport – First outing: Volkswagen starts testing progremme with Polo R WRC Retrieved November 10, 2011
  18. ^ World Rally Championship – Nissen to offer Vettel WRC test Retrieved December 30, 2011
  19. ^ autosport.co.uk – Carlos Sainz tries Volkswagen's Polo World Rally car for first time Retrieved March 2, 2012
  20. ^ YouTube.com – Carlos Sainz tests VW Polo WRC @ Ehikki, Finland 27.6.2012 Retrieved September 20, 2012
  21. ^ WRC.com – Legends join forces for Polo R WRC run Retrieved October 16
  22. ^ WRC.com – I won't rally Polo, insists Sainz Retrieved December 14, 2012
  23. ^ WRC.com – WRC legend Sainz back to winning ways Retrieved September 20, 2012
  24. ^ www.carlos-sainz.com – Carlos Sainz vuelve a imponerse en el Rallye de España con un Porsche 911 Retrieved March 2, 2013] (Spanish)
  25. ^ marathonrally.com - Dakar Rally 2015: Carlos Sainz and Cyril Despres to start with Peugeot 2015. Retrieved 29th of March 2015
  26. ^ wrc.com - Sainz leaves VW after Dakar deal Retrieved 29th of March 2014
  27. ^ "Carlos Sainz, distinguido con la Gran Cruz". 
  28. ^ "Sainz and Mouton nominated to Rally Hall of Fame". Neste Oil Rally Finland. March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2012. 
  29. ^ http://www.vw.com/vwbuzz/browse/en/us/detail/Carlos_Sainz_wins_his_third_FIA_World_Title_with_Volkswagen/186
  30. ^ http://bleacherreport.com/articles/327212-2010-dakar-rally-stage-fourteen-carlos-sainz-takes-his-win

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Miki Biasion
Autosport
International Rally Driver Award

1990–1991
Succeeded by
Didier Auriol
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Miki Biasion
World Rally Champion
1990
Succeeded by
Juha Kankkunen
Preceded by
Rod Millen
Asia-Pacific Rally Champion
1990
Succeeded by
Ross Dunkerton
Preceded by
Juha Kankkunen
World Rally Champion
1992
Succeeded by
Juha Kankkunen
Preceded by
Didier Auriol
Race of Champions
Champion of Champions

1997
Succeeded by
Colin McRae
Preceded by
Giniel de Villiers
Dakar Rally
Car Winner

2010
Succeeded by
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Records
Preceded by
Juha Kankkunen
153 starts
(1979, 19822002, 2010)
Most Rally starts
196 starts,

(19872005)
154th at the 2002 Tour de Corse
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Colin McRae
25 wins
(19872003, 20052006)
Most Rally wins
26 wins,

26th at the 2004 Rally Argentina
Succeeded by
Sébastien Loeb
78 wins,
27th at the 2006 Rally Japan