Carlos Salzedo

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Carlos Salzedo (April 6, 1885 – August 17, 1961) was a French harpist, pianist, composer and conductor.

Life[edit]

France[edit]

Carlos Salzedo was born Charles Moïse Léon Salzedo on April 6, 1885 in Archachon, France. Salzedo's parents, Isaac Gaston Salzedo and Thérèse Judith Anna Salzedo-Silva, who resided in Bayonne, were vacationing in Arcachon when Mme. Salzedo fell down a flight of stairs, causing the two-month premature birth of Salzedo. Both parents were of noted Sephardic (Iberian Jewish) families and fine musicians, he a singer, she a pianist. Their first child, Marcel, became a prominent violinist, conductor, and composer of light music. During this time, Mme. Salzedo was employed as the summer-court pianist to Queen Mother Maria Christina of Spain in Biarritz. Young Léon-Charles played the piano for Maria Christina at the age of three leading her to dub him "my little Mozart." Salzedo's mother died just two years later when he was five. The family then moved to Bordeaux and a Basque woman, Marthe Tatibouet Bidebérripé, was hired to care for and help raise the children. Salzedo became deeply attached to her, and liked to think of himself as being culturally Basque. He himself attributed this as the source of his favorite meter being five beats in a bar of music, typical of the Basque dance Zortzico. Léon-Charles, having begun playing piano by the age of three, wrote his first composition, a polka called Moustique (Mosquito), which was published when he was just five years old. Though lost, the theme reappeared in the Polka of his Suite of Eight Dances. At six, he entered the St. Cecilia School of Music of Bordeaux, where he won first prize in piano and solfège three years later, after which the family moved to Paris. Léon-Charles entered the Paris Conservatoire at nine years old, where he again won prizes in piano (Descombes) and solfège (Schwartz). He continued his piano studies with Charles de Bériot, son of the renowned violinist and a pupil of Thalberg.

Salzedo's father, by then a respected voice teacher, decided Léon-Charles should take up a second instrument, and the harp was chosen because he was felt to be too weak to play a wind instrument, and his older brother Marcel already played the violin. Beginners were not accepted at the Conservatoire, so Carlos took lessons from Marguerite Achard. After a few months, he had advanced enough that he was accepted as a pupil by Alphonse Hasselmans, professor of harp at the Conservatoire. After a year of study with Hasselmans, he entered the Conservatoire as a fully fledged harp pupil at the age of thirteen. In 1901, at age sixteen, Salzedo won the premier prix in harp and piano on the same day, an accomplishment unmatched to this day, and was awarded a Steinway grand piano. While a student, Salzedo free-lanced as second-harpist in the Concerts Lamoureux orchestra as well as the orchestras of the Olympia theater and the Folies Bergère night club. Salzedo also won praise for his composing from the director of the Conservatoire, Gabriel Fauré.

When Salzedo graduated, he was hired as a solo harpist, first orchestral harpist, and solo pianist at the New Casino in Biarritz under conductor/composer Piero Luigini. The following winter he toured Europe with the Concerts Colonne orchestra, followed by solo appearances as pianist and harpist with that orchestra. He made his Paris recital debut at age 18 as a harpist and pianist, in 1903, for which occasion he decided to change his name to Carlos from Léon-Charles Moise. About this time, a stroke paralyzed Gaston Salzedo, who handed over his position as synagogue music director to young Carlos. Salzedo also toured in solo performances around Europe, receiving glowing praise in the papers.

America, marriage, and war[edit]

In 1909, Arturo Toscanini invited Salzedo, via an agent, to play in the orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City, and so Carlos left France for America, not knowing any English. Salzedo became a member of musical society, and thus Salzedo was introduced at a soiree to Viola Gramm, a respected pianist and singer. They became romantically involved and they traveled through the château country of France in 1913, and then were married on April 30, 1914 in New York City. Salzedo wrote a wedding cantata for the occasion, which was performed by his friends.

Salzedo had recently formed the "Trio de Lutèce", with Georges Barrère on flute and Paul Kéfer on cello, which toured extensively in the United States. The trio was scheduled to play in England, so Salzedo and Mimine took the opportunity to honeymoon in Europe; in England, they were introduced to various members of the nobility, and at one point, Salzedo performed for the Princess of Battenberg. When World War I began, they moved to Menthon-Saint-Bernard (in the Rhône-Alpes region) to have more time together, but Salzedo was soon drafted into the French Army.

Salzedo was made head cook for his infantry unit, and happened to be in the same unit as several painters and musicians. He had a sympathetic leader, and was able to organize them into a performing group that sang for soldiers and toured hospitals, for which he arranged traditional French folk songs. He got an extended leave to see Mimine, but when he returned, a new captain was in charge who did not permit the musical activities. Salzedo became seriously ill with pneumonia and a form of paralysis, for which he was hospitalized for several months before being finally discharged from the army. In order to get passports (which had not been necessary in 1914) to leave France, Salzedo and Mimine had to prove their identities by marrying a second time in Paris, August 1915.

During this early period of his adult life, he was very active in musical high society and high society otherwise. He neighbored the Rockefellers at Seal Harbor in Maine. He counted among his musical friends Edgard Varèse, Josef Hoffman, Leopold Stokowski and Dane Rudhyar. He was sought after for performances at social occasions where he could be quite the life of the party.

Return to America[edit]

On the Salzedos' return to the US in 1916, Carlos reunited with the Trio de Lutèce, but not the Metropolitan Opera, from which he had resigned in 1913. Salzedo and Mimine began spending summers in Seal Harbor, Maine, where Salzedo became friends with Vaslav Nijinsky, the legendary Russian danseur, with whom he developed a series of esthetic gestures for playing the harp that became an essential part of the Salzedo Method for the harp, as handed down from teacher to pupil. In the 1920s, Salzedo and Mimine began to grow apart, as she was spending more time in Rome, and Carlos was spending more time with the increasing number of students who were coming to him for lessons. They had an amicable divorce in 1926, remaining lifelong friends, and in 1928 Salzedo married Lucile Lawrence, a student of his for the past ten years who had developed into a virtuoso player. Salzedo had a very extensive performing schedule in these years, with tours by the Trio de Lutèce, the Salzedo Harp Ensemble, joint recitals with leading sopranos, and solo appearances in recital and with major symphony orchestras. Lawrence meanwhile served as first harp of the Salzedo Harp Ensemble, which toured the United States regularly, and she also led her own Lawrence Harp Quintette on engagements too small for the Salzedo Harp Ensemble, as well as premiering many of Salzedo's important compositions.

Salzedo was involved in many arenas, including the burgeoning "new music" circles in New York, where he co-founded the International Composers Guild with Edgard Varèse. The Guild was the first group of its kind, and presented the most prominent European composers and others in concert, figures such as Ravel and Casella. This later led to the formation of the rival League of Composers, which was organized to support "American" composers, causing a rift in musical circles not healed for many years. Salzedo was in the forefront of artistic ideas, and social circles. Salzedo became familiar with the dancer/choreographer Martha Graham, who was the roommate of one of his pupils, and perceiving her genius, he used his influence to help her to receive a Rockefeller Foundation grant which was instrumental in the development of her career. He toured with Adolf Bolm, the well-known Diaghilev dancer and choreographer, as a conductor and performer, as well as composer. Bolm's Ballet Intime performed a ballet to Salzedo's composition, Bolmimerie, written for a six-harp ensemble. Salzedo's compositions of this period, which were performed by major orchestras (The Enchanted Isle), reflect a searching, creative mind with originality and a timeless freshness of sonority. His pieces have a great appeal that does not wane, and show off the harp as an imaginative, eloquent instrument of great drama and poetic, lyric expressiveness, as well as abstract qualities and dazzling virtuoso display.

Salzedo had not forgotten the plight of his native France, and publicly led many fund-raising efforts, raising considerable amounts for wartime relief of France, and aiding propaganda efforts to increase interest in French culture. He did much to introduce modern French music to the U.S. He also raised money to buy a pipe organ in Seal Harbor, with matching funds from John D. Rockefeller, and later, was most notably able to raise sufficient funds to aid Vladimir Nijinsky and his family to escape into safety in Switzerland.

Performances[edit]

From the 1920s onward, Salzedo appeared regularly as a soloist with orchestras such as the Philadelphia Orchestra, on tour as a recitalist, harp ensemble leader and flute-harp-cello trio member. His trio became the B-S-B Trio (Barrère-Salzedo-Britt) and toured widely to acclaim. His activity in the 1920s alone was astonishing in its energy, and he was a celebrity as well, frequently appearing in newspapers for musical and other exploits. He was compared to Wanda Landowska by no less a critic than Virgil Thomson, as a pioneer and as a fascinating performer. His approach to the harp was unique from the customary programming of that time. Where most harpist played salon repertoire by preceding harpists, romantic idylls and such, he emphasized the French Baroque music and transcriptions of the classics in effective ways as well as the new music. In this fashion he was able to win the admiration of his musical colleagues. His performing season would typically include a solo recital; tours with his Trio de Lutece or B-S-B trio (Barrere-Salzedo-Britt), Salzedo Harp Ensemble, and later his Salzedo Concert Ensemble, as well as appearances with orchestras. He was a sought-after teacher as well, teaching privately in New York, in summers at his harp colony in Camden, Maine, and at the Curtis Institute of Music, where he maintained a large department until 1961.

He performed with the major orchestras as a soloist in the Chorale and Variations by Widor, his own tone poem The Enchanted Isle, premiered in America the Introduction and Allegro of Maurice Ravel, the Handel Concerto, the Mozart Concerto for flute and harp, the Triple Concerto by Wagenaar (commissioned by the Trio de Lutece) and the Concerto by Norman Dello Joio for which he contributed the cadenza, as he also did for the Concerto for Harp by Nicolai Berezowsky. His own Concerto for Harp and Seven Winds was introduced by Lucile Lawrence and Lily Laskine, and his Second Concerto was premiered for his 1985 centennial by Jennifer Hoult with the American Chamber Orchestra. (The orchestrations were completed by Robert Russell Bennett with a grant from the Alice Ditson Fund, and stolen immediately after the performance, as yet not recovered.)

Legacy[edit]

Salzedo is well-regarded by many as history's greatest harpist. Where others have excelled as performers only, or as composers of minor genre pieces, he was as highly regarded as a pianist and conductor by his colleagues as he was by harpists. Recordings he made evidence an unparalleled virtuosity with a signature style of clarity, facility, articulation, fluidity, and subtle phrasing. His playing gives the impression of being without limitations. His transcriptions and compositions are remarkably original and well abreast of the latest musical developments, if not ahead of them. Had he remained in France, the group may have been Les Sept, rather than Les Six. He was a progressive spirit, seeking new tonal resources in the recently improved harp of Lyon & Healy, and both inspired other composers and created new works and new styles of music. His composing progressed from French Romantic (Trois Morceaux, Pièce Concertante) to Impressionist (Five Poetical Studies; then quickly progressed into a new style uniquely his own (Preludes Intimes, Five Preludes for Harp Alone). Many harpists objected to his innovations, particularly his concise system of notation, provoking a backlash that continues into present times, yet his influences and contributions remain clearly defined. While a few harpists such as Heidi Lehwalder and Alice Giles have perhaps equalled his virtuosity, neither are composers as well, nor conductor. As a teacher, he was a figure of near-divine inspiration arousing utter devotion among his pupils. He raised the technical and musical standards of playing in the areas of strength, tonal projection, tone quality and color, facility, and his students were thus widely sought-after for leading teaching and orchestral positions.

He influenced many composers with his new ideas for the harp's sounds and notation. They are reflected in such signature works as Offrandes by Edgard Varese, Shelomo by Ernest Bloch, Concerto for Harp by Alberto Ginastera, Serenade no. 10 and Parable by Vincent Persichetti, Suite for Harp and Chamber Orchestra by Harry Somers, Divertissement by Wallingford Riegger, Deux Divertissements by Andre Caplet, Sonata by Tommasini and many other notable works.

His artistic ideas led to the designs of two harps still manufactured by Lyon & Healy, the art-nouveau style 11 and the art deco Salzedo model, which was designed by his friend, the artist Witold Gordon. The Salzedo model harp is based on the number 5, his favorite number, and has five stripes of each color on the sounding board, five sections of the base, five layers in the column, etc., for striking effect. Salzedo harp Style 11

Salzedo authored articles in many musical publications, including Musical America, and was often featured in musical publications as well, in addition to newspapers. For many years, he edited the publications Eolus and Aeolian Review. As serious artistic publications, they featured writing by notable composers such Ernest Bloch and Dane Rudhyar, and artwork by artists such as Witold Gordon in their issues.

He founded the harp program at the Institute of Musical Art in New York City (now the Juilliard School) then led by his protègé Marie Miller, at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia where he was an influential figure, and at the Salzedo Harp Colony in Camden, Maine, which he co-founded with his then-wife, Lucile Lawrence. He was a member of the Bohemians—the Musician's Club of New York, and a National Patron of Delta Omicron, the an international professional music fraternity.[1]

Salzedo's students numbered in the hundreds. Many continue to perform in symphony orchestras including the Philadelphia, Milwaukee, New Jersey and other symphony orchestras, and formerly occupied the Principal chairs in a great many American orchestras, as well as teaching positions at conservatories and universities. A brief list of just some of the most notable students of Salzedo in chronological order includes Florence Wightman, Casper Reardon, Lucile Lawrence, Edna Phillips, Alice Chalifoux, Lynne Wainwright Palmer, Reinhardt Elster, Marjorie Tyre, Edward Druzinsky, Marilyn Costello, Judy Loman, Heidi Lehwalder, to name a few and to omit many. Currently performing students of Salzedo include Margarita Czonka Montanaro, Heidi Lehwalder, Danis Kelly, Joan Ceo, Phyllis Ensher-Peters, Jude Mollenhauer, and many more.

He died on August 17, 1961, in Waterville, Maine, at the age of 76, while adjudicating Metropolitan Opera regional auditions at Bates College.[2]

Pedagogical publications[edit]

in alphabetical order:

  • The Art of Modulating, Carlos Salzedo with Lucile Lawrence (Schirmer), containing text on improvisation, sight-reading and modulating in commercial music, with original compositions by Salzedo
  • Conditioning Exercises, Carlos Salzedo (Schirmer)
  • The Harpist's Daily Dozen (exercises), Carlos Salzedo (Schirmer, Lyra)
  • Method for the Harp, Lawrence/Salzedo (Schirmer), containing the music Preludes for Beginners by Salzedo, and tone colors with notation, with photos and text by Lawrence
  • Modern Study of the Harp, Carlos Salzedo (Schirmer) with tone colors and text in English and French, and Five Poetical Studies, music
  • Pathfinder to the Harp, containing Pathfinder Studies Lawrence/Salzedo (Peer-Southern); according to collaborator Lucile Lawrence, Salzedo contributed the music for "Conflict" and reviewed the remainder prior to publication, but "accepted" a composer credit for all the pieces, the remainder of which were actually composed by Lucile Lawrence


Compositions[edit]

Compositions for Cello, Flute, Piano, Trombone, Voice
Many early works were published by Costallat, but have apparently been lost.

Titles are followed by year of composition, publisher's name if applicable, and year of publication.

Berceuse for Cello and Piano, opus 72 (1907), Costallat 1908
Caprice Scherzando for Cello and Piano (1908), Costallat 1918
Invocation for Cello and Piano (1908), C.G. Roeder
Pièce Concertante for Trombone and Piano, opus 27 (1910), Evette & Schaeffer, 1910
Rivalité de Fleurs for Voice and Piano, opus 25 (1911), Costallat
Four Choruses in Old Sonata Form for 3 men's voices/choir and harp, organ or piano (1914), H.W. Gray, 1918
Prelude to Olaf Bolm for Piano (1926), Carl Fischer, 1926
Breaking in the New Year for Piano (1935)
Offriam for Cello (1951)
Volute and Rondel for Flute (1951), Albert Andraud (Southern)
Marya Freund for Piano (1956)
Enigme for Piano (1960)

Original Compositions for Harp (alone or with other harps, and other instruments or voice) in chronologic order

Ballade, op. 28 (1910)(later revised), Trois Morceaux, no. 1, Alphonse Leduc, 1914
Paraphrase (Cadenza) for Liszt's Second Rhapsody (a solo showpiece or cadenza for orchestral performance)(1910), G.Schirmer 1959, Lyra
Jeux d'Eau (1911) Trois Morceaux, no. 2, Alphonse Leduc, 1914
Variations sǔr un thème dans le style ancien (1911), Trois Morceaux, no. 3, Alphonse Leduc, 1914
(a later edition revised by Salzedo was published by Lyon & Healy)
Chanson Chagrine, (1914), Lyra, 1985
Five Preludes for Harp Alone, (1917), Carl Fischer, 1924 (original title: Pentarhythmie)
(in order of performance:)

  • Lamentation, Quietude, Iridescence, Introspection, Whirlwind

Five Preludes on the name of Olga (Olga Samaroff-Stokowski), (1917)

  • Embryon, Eveil, Fète au village, Hallucinations, Fraicheur G. Schirmer, 1933 (Fraicheur only)

The Enchanted Isle a tone poem for Harp and Orchestra (1918), Lyra
Bolmimerie for seven-harp ensemble (1918)
Brise Marine for soprano, oboe, horn, bassoon, six harps (1918)
Modern Study of the Harp (1919), G. Schirmer 1921
containing Five Poetical Studies for Harp Alone (1919)

  • "(Flight)", "(Mirage)", "(Inquietude)", "(Idyllic Poem)", "(Communion")

Poems of Sara Yarrow for soprano, oboe, horn, bassoon, six harps (1919)

  • Ecstasy, Despair, Humility

Preludes Intimes (1919), Boosey & Hawkes 1954

  • tenderly emoted, dreamingly, profoundly peaceful, in self-communion, procession-like

Burlesque-Sentimental (1920)
Five Sketches on Friends of Mine (1920)

  • Kyra Alanova, Dane Rudhyar, Edith Sullivan, Sara Yarrow, Edgard Varese

Four Preludes to the Afternoon of a Telephone for harp duo (1921)

  • Audubon 530, Plaza 4570, Prospect 7272, Riverside 4937

Poem of the Little Stars (1921), International Music, 1923, Lyra 1985
Recessional (1921), International Music, 1922, Lyra 1985
Sonata for Harp and Piano (1922) (Society for the Publication of American Music, G. Schirmer, 1922, Lyra)
Four Pieces for the Modern Irish Harp (1924)

  • 'Sarabande variée, Bi-tonal jig, Pavloviana, Prelude Nocturne (apparently lost)

Three Poems of Stephane Mallarme for soprano, harp, piano (1924)

  • Las de l'amer repos ou ma paresse offense, Feuillet d'album (soprano solo), Une dentelle s'abolit

Nocturne to Ursula for oboe (1925)
Concerto for Harp and Seven Wind Instruments (harp, fl/picc, cl A, ob, hn, bsn, trp C) (1926), Lyra
Preludes for Beginners published in Method for the Harp (1927), G. Schirmer, 1929 (No titles for I-XI)

  • XII. Fanfare, XIII. Cortège, XIV. La Désirade, XV. Chanson dans la nuit

Pentacle Suite for harp duo (1928), Faith Carman (FC), Lyra

  • Steel, Serenade, Felines, Catacombs, Pantomime

Preambule et Jeux (harp solo, fl, ob, bsn, str quintet) (one movement)
Prelude Fatidique (1930), G. Schirmer, 1950, Lyra (published with Suite of Eight Dances)
Prelude in the Nature of an Octave Study (edited and titled by Dewey Owens) (1930), Lyra 1985
Untitled work (harp, brasses, strings) (1930) sketch
Musique des Troubadours soprano, harp, viola d'amore, viola da gamba (1931)
Triptic Dance harp duo or trio, (1931), Lyra (published as a transcription from Pierre Beauchant, a pseudonym of Salzedo)
Short Stories in Music harp (1934) Series I and II, Elkan-Vogel, 1934

  • Series I: The Dwarf and the Giant, The Kitten and the Limping Dog, Rocking Horse, On Donkeyback, Raindrops, Madonna and Child, Memories of a Clock, Night Breeze (harp solo or ensemble)
  • Series II: On Stilts, Pirouetting Music Box, Behind the Barracks, At Church, Goldfish, The Mermaid's Chimes, Skipping Rope

Scintillation (1936), Elkan-Vogel, 1936
Diatonic Variations on The Carnival of Venice, Lyra, 1985
Tiny Tales for Harpist Beginners Series I and II, (1936), Elkan-Vogel, 1942)

  • In Hoop-Skirts, The Little Princess and the Dancing Master, A Little Orphan in the Snow, Lullaby for a Doll, The Cloister at Twilight, A Mysterious Blue Light, Funeral Procession of a Tin Soldier, The Chimes in the Steeple, A Lost Kitten, Pagoda of the Dragon
  • Series II: Processional, The Clock Maker's Shop, Winter Night, The Dandy, Chimes, Little Soldiers, Mysterious Forest, Little Jacques, Grandmother's Memories, Frère Jacques

Panorama Suite (1937)

  • Noon, Moonset, Expectation, The Birth of the Morning Star, Waltz

Vieni, Vieni (1938) (a suite of harp solos, unpublished)
Sketches for Harpist Beginners two series (1942) (Elkan-Vogel)

  • Series I: Rock Me, Mommy, Imitation, Echo, Huntsman's Horn, Lost in the Mist, Hurdy-Gurdy, Poor Doggy, Tuneful Snuff-Box, Pagan Rite, Beethoven at School
  • Series II: The Organist's First Steps, A Young Violinist, Falling Leaves, Royal Trumpeters, A Lonely Bell, Baby on the Swing, Mourners, On the Tight Rope, Pierrot is Sad, Chorale

Second Harp parts for Short Stories in Music (1942)

  • Behind the Barracks, Memories of a Clock, On Donkey-Back, Rain Drops, Night Breeze, The Mermaid's Chimes, Skipping Rope

The Art of Modulating (1943), G. Schirmer, 1950

  • Lullaby, Reverie, Carillon, Grandmother's Spinning Wheel, Petite Valse, Florentine Music Box

Suite of Eight Dances (1943), G. Schirmer, 1950, dedicated to Lucile Lawrence

  • Gavotte, Menuet, Polka, Siciliana, Bolero, Seguidilla, Tango, Rumba

Mimi Suite (1946)

  • Mimi, Awakening, Incandescence, Obsession (harp or piano)

Wedding Presents (1946–52)

  • Garlanded Chimes, Vers l'Inconnu, In the Valley, In the Month of Maie, Shadow of a Shade, Idee-fixe, Desir, Interlude for the Theatre, Vision, Carol-Paul

Cadenza and editing for the Berezowsky Concerto for Harp (1947), Elkan-Vogel, 1947
Prelude for a Drama (1948), M. Baron, 1951
Diptych, Two Pieces for the Right Hand Alone (1950)

  • Reflection, Interference

Conditioning Exercises (1951), G. Schirmer, 1955
Mardi-Gras Patrol for harp ensemble
Conflict (in Pathfinder for the Harp Peer Music, 1951
Elyze (1952)
Second Concerto for Harp and Orchestra (1953-1961), Lyra, 1966, (also known as Symphonic Suite--dialog for harp and orchestra)
Chanson dans la Nuit second harp part, G. Schirmer, 1955
Rumba and Tango (Suite of Eight Dances) second harp parts, G. Schirmer, 1955

Original Paraphrases, and Arrangements for the Harp in alphabetic order[edit] Annie Laurie
Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms
Blink to me only with one eye
Concert Variations on: Adeste Fideles

  • Deck the Halls, Good King Wenceslaus, O Tannenbaum, Silent Night

Deep River
Dixie Parade (original composition)
I Wonder as I Wander
Jingle Bells
Jolly Piper (original composition)
Londonderry Air
Paraphrases on Christmas Carols:

  • Angels We Have Heard on High, Away in a Manger, Away in a Manger (to the tune of Flow Gently, Sweet Afton), The First Noel, God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen, Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, It Came Upon a Midnight Clear, O Little Town of Bethlehem, We Three Kings of Orient Are, What Child is This (Greensleeves)

Short Fantasies on:

  • A Basque Carol, A Catalan Carol, A Neapolitan Carol, A Noel Provencale

Song of the Volga Boatman
The Last Rose of Summer
Traipsin’ thru Arkansaw (original composition)
Turkey Strut (original composition)
Two New Wedding Marches: Meyerbeer, Gluck

Transcriptions of works by other composers, alphabetical by original composer (for harp alone unless otherwise indicated)[edit]
Albeniz: La Fete-Dieu a Seville (orchestra part created for Leopold Stokowski)
Bach, J.S.:

  • Bourree (Schirmer/Lyra)
  • Polonaise et Badinerie (flute and harp) (Lyra)
  • Sixth French Suite (harp duo or ensemble) (Lyra)

Beethoven: Adagio from Moonlight Sonata (Schirmer)
Boccherini: Sonata in A Major (flute, cello, harp)
Brahms:

  • Lullaby (Elkan-Vogel)
  • Waltz in A-flat (Carl Fischer)

Cady: Oriental Dance (harp duo)
Candeille: La Provencale (Tambourin) (harp quartet)
Corelli: Giga (Solos for the Harp Player, Schirmer)
Couperin: Concerts Royaux (flute, harp, cello)

  • Sarabande

Dandrieu:

  • Le Caquet (harp duo)
  • Play of the Winds (harp duo) (Lyra)

Daquin: L'Hirondelle (harp duo)
Debussy: Ballade II from Trois Ballades de François Villon (voice and harp duo)

  • Children's Corner Suite (harp, flute, cello) (Lyra)
  • Clair de Lune (harp solo) (Schirmer)
  • Clair de Lune (harp duo) (Southern)
  • Danseuses de Delphes (harp duo)
  • En Bateau (Lyra)
  • First Arabesque (Solos for the Harp Player, Schirmer)
  • La Cathedrale Engloutie for harp ensemble (published as harp duo)
  • La Danse de Puck (7-harp ensemble)
  • La fille aux cheveux de lin (Lyra)
  • Les Cloches (soprano and harp duo)
  • Les Ingenues (soprano and harp duo)
  • Voiles (harp duo)

De Falla: Seven Popular Spanish Songs (voice and harp duo) (American Harp Society edition)
various works collected and titled by Salzedo as Suite Espagnole (flute, cello and harp duo)
Dahlgren: The Maid and I (soprano and harp duo)
Donizetti: Cadenza and solo from Lucia di Lammermoor (Elkan-Vogel)
Durand: Chaconne (Solos for the Harp Player, Schirmer)
Duparc: Invitation au Voyage (soprano and harp duo)
Dvořák: Humoresque (harp solo—C. Fischer, or duo)
Enescu: Sept Chansons de Clement Marot (soprano and harp duo)
Faure: Dolly Suite (flute, harp, cello)
Gluck: *Gavotte from Armide (Lyra)

  • Gavotte from Iphigenia in Aulis (Lyra)
  • March of the Priests from Alceste (Lyra)

Granados: Spanish Dance no. 5 (harp duo) (Southern)
Grieg: *A Vision (soprano and harp duo)

  • Springtide (soprano and harp duo)

Guion: Alley Tunes—Three Scenes from the South (flute, harp, cello)
Handel: Concerto for Harp in B-flat, edited extensively and original cadenza (Schirmer) in modern style, also edited in period style in ms.

  • Concerto for Oboe and harp
  • Largo (C. Fischer)
  • Largo (fl/vln/vla, cello, harp)
  • Sonata in D (flute, cello, harp or harp duo)
  • The Harmonious Blacksmith (Elkan-Vogel)

Haydn: Theme and Variations (edited) (Carl Fischer)
Hue: Jeune Chansons sur des vieux airs (soprano and harp duo)
Kjerulf: Ingrid's Song (soprano and harp duo)
Lara: Concert Fantasy on Granada (Southern)
Lie: Snow (soprano and harp duo)
Locatelli: Trio Sonata (flute, harp, cello)
Lotti: Sonata in G Major (flute, harp, cello)
Malotte: The Lord's Prayer (Schirmer)
Marcello: Toccata in C Minor (7-harp ensemble)
Martini: Gavotte (harp duo) (Lyra)
Massenet: Meditation from Thais (violin and harp) (Baron)

  • Menuet d'Amour from Therese (Heugel)

Mendelssohn: On Wings of Song (harp duo) (Lyra)

  • Spinning Song (harp duo) (Lyra)
  • Spring Song (Schirmer)
  • Sweet Remembrance (Songs Without Words, no. 1) (Fischer)
  • Wedding March (Elkan-Vogel)

Meyerbeer: Coronation March from Le Prophete (Elkan-Vogel)
Mozart: Concerto for flute and harp, edited and revised orchestration, edited cadenzas by Reinecke (Southern)
Nin: Granadina (cello and harp) (Lyra)
Offenbach: Barcarolle from Tales of Hoffman (Fischer)
Pescetti: Sonata in C Minor (Schirmer/Lyra/Colin)
Prokofieff: Prelude in C Major (Leeds/Lyra)
Rameau: Gavotte from Le Temple de la Gloire (Schirmer/Lyra)

  • La Joyeuse (harp duo) (Lyra)
  • Les Sauvages (harp duo)
  • Menuet Chantee (soprano and harp duo)
  • Rigaudon
  • Tambourin (pubished with Rigaudon in Solos for the Harp Player) (Schirmer)
  • Pièces de Clavecin en Concert, Suites I and II (flute, harp, cello)

Ravel: A la maniere de Faure, Chabrier, Borodin (flute, harp, cello)

  • Cinq Melodies Grecque (voice and harp) (Lyra)
  • Piece en forme de Habanera (solo instrument or voice and harp) (Lyra)
  • Prelude (Durand)
  • Sainte (voice and harp)
  • Sonatine (as Sonatine en Trio) (flute harp and cello) (Lyra)

Rimsky-Korsakoff: Revised Cadenza for Capriccio Espagnole (ABC of Harp Playing, Schirmer)
Rubenstein: Melody in F (Fischer)
Saint-Amans: Ninette a la cour (harp duo)
Saint-Saëns: The Swan (violin or cello and harp (Schirmer)
Scarlatti: The Cat's Fugue (harp duo)
Sierching: Sylvelin (soprano and harp duo)
Telemann: Sonata in F (flute/recorder, harp, cello) (Lyra)
Tchaikovsky: Cadenza for the Nutcracker (Lyra)
Thomas: Cadenza for Mignon (Lyra)
Valensin: Menuet from Symphony no. 1 (flute, harp, cello)
Wagner: Magic Fire Music from Die Walkure for one or two harps (Leduc)

  • Wedding March from Lohengrin (Lyra)

Further reading[edit]

  • From Aeolian to Thunder, a biography of Carlos Salzedo by Dewey Owens, published by Lyon & Healy 1992
  • Pentacle, a biography of Carlos Salzedo by Marietta Bitter, preface by Saul Davis Zlatkovski, published by the American Harp Society 2010

References[edit]

External links[edit]