Carlos Vierra

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Carlos Vierra
Carlos Vierra.jpg
Born (1876-10-03)October 3, 1876
Moss Landing, California
Died 1937
Nationality Portuguese American
Education Mark Hopkins Institute of Art, San Francisco, CA
Known for Painter, Illustrator, Photographer

Carlos Vierra (October 3, 1876 – 1937) was an American painter, illustrator and photographer of Portuguese descent.

Early life[edit]

Carlos Vierra was born and raised in Moss Landing, California near Monterey by his father, Portuguese sailor, Cato Vierra and his mother, Maria de Fratas. Vierra went to school in Monterey, California and had a hard time deciding between a life at sea and art. He studied art at the Mark Hopkins Institute (now the San Francisco Art Institute) under Gottardo Piazzoni in the 1890s, until he was twenty-five. Wanting to further his studies, Vierra took a six-month trip around Cape Horn to New York City. Once there, he worked hard to become an illustrator, a growing artistic field. In time, his art began to comfortably sustain him, though only for a short time. In 1904, at age twenty-eight, Vierra contracted tuberculosis and, at the advice of his doctor, relocated to Santa Fe, New Mexico. Vierra decided to live in a remote, small cabin along the Pecos River. When his health was not improved, he was forced to get help from the Sanitarium.

New Mexico[edit]

Vierra was Santa Fe's first resident artist and was one of the first three "members" of the Santa Fe Art Colony. He was a strong advocate for preserving landmark buildings and for making sure that new buildings were in the style that is so unique to Santa Fe. That style is now known as the Pueblo Revival Style architecture. It was at the Sunmount Sanatarium, a restorative institution for tubercular consumption, where Vierra met architect John Gaw Meem and others who influenced each other and made sure the Pueblo Revival style of Santa Fe was preserved. The first houses in 1925 and 1926 that John Gaw Meem designed show a clear debt to his mentor, Carlos Vierra. In 1909, the School of American Archaeology's director, Edgar Lee Hewett appointed Vierra to manage the building of the New Mexico Museum of Art (formerly the Museum of Fine Arts). Hewett also allowed him to have an influential role in restoring the Palace of the Governors, the oldest capitol building in the United States. Additionally, he painted three murals in the St. Francis Auditorium. In 1914, Frank Springer commissioned Vierra to paint each of the pueblo mission churches. These and other paintings would show both Spanish and Pueblo traditional New Mexico architecture. In 1918, after he wrote, "‘See Santa Fe First.’ There is a reason [to do so] in our rare climate, in our wonderful surroundings and in what is left of historic Santa Fe. Are we going to destroy what is left…or are we going to build in keeping with it?" Vierra began construction on a pueblo style home for his family on Old Santa Fe Trail. It is considered[by whom?] the first residence built in the Spanish Pueblo Revival Style architecture. The home was funded by Frank Springer, who was a patron of the arts.

Other achievements[edit]

Vierra was commissioned and executed Six murals of Mayan cities for the 1915 Panama–California Exposition in San Diego. The 35mm reproductions of his murals can be seen on an interior wall of the Museum of Man, Balboa Park, San Diego. In addition to his illustrating and painting, Vierra opened his own photography studio on the west side of the Santa Fe Plaza, which he purchased for $280 from J.B. Aylsworth on November 27, 1905. In the 1920s he became involved in aerial photography and documented archeological sites from the sky. Vierra was also a captain in the New Mexico National Guard.


  1. Wilson, Chris (2002). Facing Southwest: The Life and Houses of John Gaw Meem. New York: W. W. Norton
  2. "Wilson, Chris (1997). "The Myth of Santa Fe: Creating a Modern Regional Tradition". University of New Mexico Press

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • [1] - Vierra Painting Site - Taos and New Mexico Painter
  • [2] - Vierra one of the first three members of the Santa Fe Art Colony
  • [3] - Collectors Guide - Vierra's Contribution to the Santa Fe Art Colony
  • [4] - Vierra Paintings and Mural in Balboa Park, San Diego
  • [5] - Vierra Murals for the 1915 Panama–California Exposition in San Diego
  • [6] - Vierra advocate for preservation of landmark buildings and Santa Fe Style Architecture
  • [7] - Sunmount Sanatarium Information
  • [8] - One of first members of The Santa Fe Art Colony, Bio, Captain in NM National Guard
  • [9] - Vierra's Influence on Gustave Baumann Property
  • [10] - Carlos Vierra House and Vierra's major influence with Spanish-Pueblo Style, parents names, purchase of photography studio, First Resident artist of Santa Fe, Vierra wins prize for "New-Old Santa Fe Style"
  • [11] - Sunmount Sanitarium and St. Vincent Sanitarium
  • [12] - Carlos Vierra Museum Collections
  • [13] - Carlos Vierra Artwork
  • [14] - OSFA founded in 1926 by Mary Austin, John Gaw Meem, Carlos Vierra, Gustave Baumann, Alice Corbin and William Penhallow Henderson among others
  • [15] - Carlos Vierra was a mentor to Meem
  • [16] - Carlos Vierra paintings at New Mexico Museum of Art