The Carlow County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Irish: Cumann Luthchleas Gael Coiste Ceatharlach) or Carlow GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Carlow and the Carlow inter-county teams.
The only senior honours claimed by Carlow are a Leinster title won back in 1944. They also won a 'B' All-Ireland in 1994. Kerry fisherman-publican Paddy "Bawn" Brosnan kept Carlow from reaching an All-Ireland final in 1944. His second half goal put Carlow out of the All-Ireland semi-final by 3-3 to 0-10. Because of war-time circumstances the Leinster final was played in Athy. Carlow's midfield won the Leinster title against Dublin. Ten years later Carlow reached the National League final with a famous 1-10 to 1-7 win over Armagh, but were well beaten by Mayo. The Carlow Vocational Schools team won the All Ireland Championship in 1973.
In the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship Carlow teams have been much more successful. Éire Óg have 5 Leinster titles while O'Hanrahans claim one to their credit. They were also the main threat to Éire Óg during their heyday in the 90s. Éire Óg were deprived of the All Ireland club title in 1993 by Cork's O'Donovan Rossa by 1-7 to 0-8 with a dramatic and controversial injury time winner after a replay. The team had to make do with immortality of a different kind, you will see them togged out in 1920-style kit, posing as the Tipperary Bloody Sunday team in Neil Jordan's film "Micharl Collins" against a Kilmacud Crokes team filling in as Dublin In the 1980-81 National League Carlow once fielded a one-club selection so that Éire Óg could prepare for their first Leinster Club final. Tommy Dwyer, at 6'7 one of the tallest midfielders in GAA history, and an Under-21 team that came within a point of beating Dublin in 1984 also won notice on football fields.
Carlow are the reigning (2008) Christy Ring Cup Champions, effectively the "Division 2" All-Ireland championship. They beat Westmeath in a classic final (after extra time) by 3-22 to 4-16. This was their first "Division 2" win since 1994 and their first in the re-arranged All-Ireland structure which sees 4 divisions in hurling for 2009. Carlow beat Offaly in the 2005 National Hurling League and nearly gained promotion to Division 1. Carlow's nearly day in hurling came 42 years earlier in the 1963 Leinster hurling semi-final when Carlow led Dublin, All Ireland finalsist two years earlier, by 1-4 to 0-5 at half time. Carlow eventually lost by ten points. In 1987 they won an All-Ireland Senior B hurling victory, but the team, spearheaded by dual star Paddy Quirke were beaten by London in the final "proper." In 1993 Carlow go a by straight in to the 1993 Leinster semi-final but despite home advantage lost to Kilkenny by 18 points. Things could have been worse: for their 1908 championship match against Dublin, only twelve players turned up. Leading clubs include Saint Mullins, Naomh Eoin and Naomh Brid. In Christy Ring Cup 2006 Carlow reached the Christy Ring cup final only to go down to a strong Antrim side.
However, in 2008, Carlow returned to the Christy Ring Cup final, and triumphed in the final at O'Conner Park against Westmeath. It was Carlow's first win in the competition, and their first win at All-Ireland level since 1992. They repeated the trick the following year, defeating Down at Croke Park to win a two in a row and earn automatic promotion to the Liam McCarthy Tier One Senior Hurling Championship for 2010.
- Paddy Quirke (Naomh Eoin, Myshall) - All Star Hurling, Railway Cup Football and Hurling
- Tommy Dwyer (Tinryland) - International Rules Football, Railway Cup Football
- Luke Kelly (Leighlinbridge) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
- Edward Coady (Mount Leinster Rangers)- Christy Ring Cup SH Winner 2008,2009 Christy Ring All Star Winner, Leinster Hurling Club Winner, Carlow Hurler Of The Year Winner 2006, Winner of first All Ireland Club Hurling Tiltle in Carlow 2012.
- James Hickey (Mount Leinster Rangers) - Christy Ring Cup Winner SH 2008,2009 Christy Ring All Star Winner,Leinster Hurling Club Winner, Carlow Hurler Of The Year Winner 2009 Winner of first All Ireland Club Hurling Tiltle in Carlow 2012.
- Jim Morris (Balloon) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
- Jimma Rea (O'Hanrahan's) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
- Mark Carpenter (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF, Leinster Club SF 2000
- Tom "Drakes" Walker (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
- Colm Hayden (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF, 5 Leinsters in 90s with Éire Óg
- Johnny Nevin (Old Leighlin GFC/Naomh Brid HC) - Railway Cup SF, SH, All Ireland B 1994, Carlow championship 1997, All Ire over 40s runner up 2008
- Andy Murphy (Tinryland) - Railway Cup SF
- Luke Dempsey (Ballinabranna) - Manager of Westmeath, Longford and Carlow
- Thomas Walshe (Fenagh GFC/Ballinkillen HC) - Railway Cup SF.
- Rory Dunbar (Carlow Town) - Christy Ring Winner 2009 2008 & Minor 2002
- Cyril Hughes (St Andrew's, Bagenalstown GFC/Ballinkillen HC) - Railway Cup SF, Manager of Carlow and Wexford
- Des Murphy (Naomh Eoin, Myshall) - Christy Ring Cup SH 2008, All-time most SH appearances
- Brendan Murphy (Rathvilly) - Leinster MFC Runner-Up 2007, Professional Australian Rules Player
- Tommy 'The Boy Wonder' Murphy (Graiguecullen) - Team of the Millennium as Laois player, originally Carlow before the Graiguecullen expulsion
- Brendan Hayden Snr. (Tinryland GFC/St Fintan's HC) - Railway Cup SF
- Vincent Harvey (Éire Óg) - Former Carlow manager
- Ned Doogue (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
- Eamonn Long (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
- Cran Hogan (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF
- Willie Quinlan (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF, All-Ireland B Football 1994
- Andrew Corden (O'Hanrahan's)- O'Byrne Cup 2001
- Peeney Whelan (Tinryland) - Railway Cup SF
- Jim English (Erin's Own, Bagenalstown) - All-Ireland SHC 1947 (with Wexford), Railway Cup SH
- Garvan Ware (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF, 5 leinsters in 90s with Éire Óg
- Mark Mullins (Erin's Own, Bagenalstown) - All-Ireland B SHC 1992, Cork SH captain 1995
- Jim Treacy (St Mullins) - All-Ireland IHC 1961
- Joe Hayden (Éire Óg GFC/Carlow Town HC) - Railway Cup SF, 5 leinsters in 1990s with Éire Óg
- Niall English (O'Hanrahan's GFC/Carlow Town HC) - All-Ireland 'B' SH 1992
- Shane Kavanagh (Naomh Eoin, Myshall) - Christy Ring Cup 2008, Railway Cup SH
- Richie Moore (Éire Óg GFC/Carlow Town HC) - All-Ireland B SF 1994
- Willie Doyle (O'Hanrahan's) - International Rules 1985
- Hugh Brennan (Éire Óg) - Mayo minor, 5 Leinsters in 90s with Éire Óg, All Ireland B captain 1994
- Ned Gladney (st.mullins) all irelands+leinster 1961+62...8 county titles many more such as
national hurling league and also Full Forward on team of the century. The first man to captain Carlow at senior level.
Carlow won the Máire Ní Chinnéide Cup in camogie in 2007 They won both the All Ireland Minor C championship and Under-16 C championship in 2010. Naomh Moling won Division 3 at the Féile na nGael in 1991 and Kildavin Division 5 in 1993.
Under Camogie's National Development Plan 2010-2015, "Our Game, Our Passion," Carlow, Cavan, Laois, Louth and Roscommon are to get a total of 17 new clubs by 2015.
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