The only senior honours claimed by Carlow are a Leinster title won back in 1944. They also won a 'B' All-Ireland in 1994. Kerry fisherman-publican Paddy "Bawn" Brosnan kept Carlow from reaching an All-Ireland final in 1944. His second half goal put Carlow out of the All-Ireland semi-final by 3-3 to 0-10. Because of war-time circumstances the Leinster final was played in Athy. Carlow's midfield won the Leinster title against Dublin. Ten years later Carlow reached the National League final with a famous 1-10 to 1-7 win over Armagh, but were well beaten by Mayo. The Carlow Vocational Schools team won the All Ireland Championship in 1973.
In the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship Carlow teams have been much more successful. Éire Óg have 5 Leinster titles while O'Hanrahans claim one to their credit. They were also the main threat to Éire Óg during their heyday in the 90s. Éire Óg were deprived of the All Ireland club title in 1993 by Cork's O'Donovan Rossa by 1-7 to 0-8 with a dramatic and controversial injury time winner after a replay. The team had to make do with immortality of a different kind, you will see them togged out in 1920-style kit, posing as the Tipperary Bloody Sunday team in Neil Jordan's film "Michael Collins" against a Kilmacud Crokes team filling in as Dublin. In the 1980-81 National League Carlow once fielded a one-club selection so that Éire Óg could prepare for their first Leinster Club final. Tommy Dwyer, at 6'7 one of the tallest midfielders in GAA history, and an Under-21 team that came within a point of beating Dublin in 1984 also won notice on football fields.
Carlow are the reigning (2008) Christy Ring Cup Champions, effectively the "Division 2" All-Ireland championship. They beat Westmeath in a classic final (after extra time) by 3-22 to 4-16. This was their first "Division 2" win since 1994 and their first in the re-arranged All-Ireland structure which sees 4 divisions in hurling for 2009. Carlow beat Offaly in the 2005 National Hurling League and nearly gained promotion to Division 1. Carlow's nearly day in hurling came 42 years earlier in the 1963 Leinster hurling semi-final when Carlow led Dublin, All Ireland finalsist two years earlier, by 1-4 to 0-5 at half time. Carlow eventually lost by ten points. In 1987 they won an All-Ireland Senior B hurling victory, but the team, spearheaded by dual star Paddy Quirke were beaten by London in the final "proper." In 1993 Carlow go a by straight in to the 1993 Leinster semi-final but despite home advantage lost to Kilkenny by 18 points. Things could have been worse: for their 1908 championship match against Dublin, only twelve players turned up. Leading clubs include Saint Mullins, Naomh Eoin and Naomh Brid. In Christy Ring Cup 2006 Carlow reached the Christy Ring cup final only to go down to a strong Antrim side.
However, in 2008, Carlow returned to the Christy Ring Cup final, and triumphed in the final at O'Connor Park against Westmeath. It was Carlow's first win in the competition, and their first win at All-Ireland level since 1992. They repeated the trick the following year, defeating Down at Croke Park to win a two in a row and earn automatic promotion to the Liam McCarthy Tier One Senior Hurling Championship for 2010.
Paddy Quirke (Naomh Eoin, Myshall) - All Star Hurling, Railway Cup Football and Hurling
Tommy Dwyer (Tinryland) - International Rules Football, Railway Cup Football
Luke Kelly (Leighlinbridge) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
Edward Coady (Mount Leinster Rangers)- Christy Ring Cup SH Winner 2008,2009 Christy Ring All Star Winner, Leinster Hurling Club Winner, Carlow Hurler Of The Year Winner 2006, Winner of first All Ireland Club Hurling Tiltle in Carlow 2012.
James Hickey (Mount Leinster Rangers) - Christy Ring Cup Winner SH 2008,2009 Christy Ring All Star Winner,Leinster Hurling Club Winner, Carlow Hurler Of The Year Winner 2009 Winner of first All Ireland Club Hurling Tiltle in Carlow 2012.
Jim Morris (Balloon) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
Jimma Rea (O'Hanrahan's) - Leinster SFC Winner 1944
Simon Rea (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF
Mark Carpenter (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF, Leinster Club SF 2000
Tom "Drakes" Walker (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
Colm Hayden (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF, 5 Leinsters in 90s with Éire Óg
Johnny Nevin (Old Leighlin GFC/Naomh Brid HC) - Railway Cup SF, SH, All Ireland B 1994, Carlow championship 1997, All Ire over 40s runner up 2008
Andy Murphy (Tinryland) - Railway Cup SF
Luke Dempsey (Ballinabranna) - Manager of Westmeath, Longford and Carlow
Thomas Walshe (Fenagh GFC/Ballinkillen HC) - Railway Cup SF.
Rory Dunbar (Carlow Town) - Christy Ring Winner 2009 2008 & Minor 2002
Cyril Hughes (St Andrew's, Bagenalstown GFC/Ballinkillen HC) - Railway Cup SF, Manager of Carlow and Wexford
Des Murphy (Naomh Eoin, Myshall) - Christy Ring Cup SH 2008, All-time most SH appearances
Brendan Murphy (Rathvilly) - Leinster MFC Runner-Up 2007, Professional Australian Rules Player
Tommy 'The Boy Wonder' Murphy (Graiguecullen) - Team of the Millennium as Laois player, originally Carlow before the Graiguecullen expulsion
Brendan Hayden Snr. (Tinryland GFC/St Fintan's HC) - Railway Cup SF
Vincent Harvey (Éire Óg) - Former Carlow manager
Ned Doogue (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
Eamonn Long (O'Hanrahan's) - Railway Cup SF
Cran Hogan (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF
Willie Quinlan (Éire Óg) - Railway Cup SF, All-Ireland B Football 1994