Carlton in Lindrick
Carlton-in-Lindrick war memorial
Carlton-in-Lindrick shown within Nottinghamshire
|Population||5,623 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
"Carlton" is a common English placename derived from the Old English for "peasants' town" or "freemen's town". "Lindrick" is the name of the ancient district, most of which is in what is now South Yorkshire. The word "Lindrick" denotes the land of the limes (lindens)
St John the Evangelist's Church, Carlton in Lindrick is an 11th-century late Saxon building with Norman, 15th-century Perpendicular Gothic and 19th-century Gothic Revival additions. St John's is the most important surviving Saxon or Saxo-Norman building in Nottinghamshire and is a Grade I listed building.
In the reign of King Stephen (1135–41) a Norman landholder, Ralph de Chevrolcourt (or Caprecuria) founded and endowed a Benedictine priory of nuns in Carlton Park. It seems to have been built in 1140–44. The priory was next to a spring ("juxta fontes et rivum fontium") called Wallingwells and was dedicated to St Mary the Virgin. Formally it was called St Mary in the Park but it was generally known as the Priory of Wallingwells.
By 1262 the priory had certain rights in Carlton's parish church of St John the Evangelist, and also the parish churches of St Wilfrid, Cantley and All Saints, Mattersey. The nuns were very poor so Godfrey Ludham, Archbishop of York granted the priory 18 bovates of land in Carlton parish. The nuns were still poor, so in 1273 St Wilfrid's Cantley was appropriated to the priory so that the nuns would receive its tithe income. Archbishop Godfrey's successor, Walter Giffard, assented to the grant and commended the devoutness of the nuns. A Taxation Roll of 1291 records the Priory as holding temporalities at "Handsworth Woodhouses".
Henry VIII's Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535 records the priory as holding not only its rectories of Carlton and Cantley and land at Handsworth, but also lands at Gildingwells, Gringley and "Willourne". In 1536 Henry VIII's agents Thomas Legh and Richard Layton visited the priory and found no slander or scandal to report against it. The priory was a small religious house, and therefore was to have been dissolved under the Suppression of Religious Houses Act 1535, which was Parliament's first act for the Dissolution of the Monasteries. However, the prioress, Margaret Goldsmith, bought off the Crown officials with a payment equal to the priory's income for more than a year.
In June 1537 Goldsmith demised the priory and its estates to a Richard Oglethorp for 21 years, retaining only the priory church and buildings for the nuns to use. Two years later Parliament passed the Suppression of Religious Houses Act 1539. In December of that year the Wallingwells Priory surrendered to the Crown, which pensioned off the prioress, her sub-prioress and seven other nuns. No visible remains of the priory survive.
Carlton Mill is a 19th-century corn mill, water-powered and with an auxiliary steam engine. It now only holds flower shows yearly. It is private property.
Carlton has a civic centre and four pubs: the Blue Bell, The Riddle Arms, The Grey Horses Inn and the Sherwood Ranger.
- "Area: Carlton in Lindrick CP (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Hey 2003[page needed]
- Pevsner & Williamson 1979, pp. 92–93.
- "Carlton-in-Lindrick St John". Southwell & Nottingham Church History Project. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Pevsner & Williamson 1979, p. 92.
- "Church of St John the Evangelist". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 30 November 1966. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Page 1910, pp. 89–90
- Pevsner & Williamson 1979, p. 93.
- Pevsner & Williamson 1979, p. 363.
- "The Circuit Churches". Trinity Methodist Circuit. 2004–2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Pevsner Williamson, p. 93.
- Carlton-In-Lindrick Civic Centre
- Hey, David (2003). Medieval South Yorkshire. Landmark Collector's Library. Ashbourne: Landmark Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1843060809.[page needed]
- Page, W.H., ed. (1910). A History of the County of Nottinghamshire. Victoria County History 2. pp. 89–90.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (revision) (1979) . Nottinghamshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 92–93, 363. ISBN 0-14-071002-7.
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