Carludovica

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Carludovica
Carludovica 20020331 1.JPG
Carludovica drudei inflorescences
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Pandanales
Family: Cyclanthaceae
Genus: Carludovica
Ruiz & Pav.
Synonyms[1]
  • Ludovia Pers., rejected name
  • Salmia Willd. 1811 not Cav. 1795 nor Post & Kuntze 1903 nor Hort. Sander. ex Gard. Chron.

Carludovica is a genus in the family Cyclanthaceae. It is native to tropical America, from southern Mexico and Guatemala to Ecuador and Bolivia.[1] Carludovica is named in honor of Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma.[2][3]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Carludovica palmata, from which Panama hats are made.

The genus is probably best known for Carludovica palmata (toquilla), the young leaves of which are made into Panama hats.

Carludovica divergens is added to some versions of the hallucinogenic drink Ayahuasca.

An unidentified species belonging to this family (possibly a Carludovica species) has been marketed as a houseplant in the United States under the name "Jungle Drum".

Species[1]
  1. Carludovica drudei Mast. - Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
  2. Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav. - widespread from Tabasco to Bolivia
  3. Carludovica rotundifolia Schaedtler - Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
  4. Carludovica sulcata Hammel - Nicaragua, Costa Rica

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Genaust, Helmut (1976). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen ISBN 3-7643-0755-2
  3. ^ Harling, G. (1958) "Monograph of the Cyclanthaceae" Acta Horti Berg. 18 : 128–131.
  • Franz, Nico M.; O'Brien, Charles W. (2001) "Ganglionus, a New Genus of Derelomini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Associated with Carludovica (Cyclanthaceae)" Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94 (6): 835-850.
  • Henderson, Peter (1881). Henderson's Handbook of Plants. New York: P. Henderson & Co. p. 38. 

External links[edit]