|Fiorina in 2015.|
|Born||Cara Carleton Sneed
September 6, 1954
Austin, Texas, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Todd Bartlem (1977–1984)
Frank Fiorina (1985–present)
|Alma mater||Stanford University
University of California, Los
Angeles (one semester)
University of Maryland, College
Massachusetts Institute of
Carly Fiorina (born Cara Carleton Sneed; September 6, 1954) is an American former business executive and was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate from California in 2010. Fiorina served as chief executive officer of Hewlett-Packard from 1999 to 2005 and previously was an executive at AT&T and its equipment and technology spinoff, Lucent.
Fiorina was considered one of the most powerful women in business during her tenure at Lucent and Hewlett-Packard. While she was chief executive at HP, the company weathered the collapse of the dot-com bubble, although the stock lost half of its value throughout her tenure. In 2002, the company completed a contentious merger with rival computer company Compaq, which made HP the world's largest personal computer manufacturer. In 2005, Fiorina was forced to resign as chief executive officer and chair of HP following "differences [with the board of directors] about how to execute HP's strategy." She has frequently been ranked as one of the worst tech CEOs of all time.
Fiorina served as an advisor to Republican John McCain's 2008 presidential campaign. She was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate from California in 2010, losing to incumbent Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer. She is actively considering running for President in 2016.
Fiorina was born as Cara Carleton Sneed in Austin, Texas, on September 6, 1954, the daughter of Madelon Montross (née Juergens), a portrait and abstract artist, and Joseph Tyree Sneed III, a law school professor, dean, and federal judge.
Education and early career
Fiorina attended Channing School in London, and later attended Charles E. Jordan High School in Durham, North Carolina, for her senior year; the family relocated frequently during this time. She received a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and medieval history from Stanford University in 1976. During her summers, she worked at a hair salon and as a secretary for Kelly Services. She attended the UCLA School of Law in 1976 but dropped out after one semester and worked as a receptionist for six months at a real estate firm Marcus & Millichap, moving up to a broker position before leaving for Italy, where she taught English. Fiorina received a Master of Business Administration in marketing from the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, College Park in 1980. She received a Master of Science in management from the MIT Sloan School of Management under the Sloan Fellows program in 1989.
AT&T and Lucent
She joined AT&T in 1980 as a management trainee and rose to become a senior vice president overseeing the company's hardware and systems division. In 1995, Fiorina led corporate operations for the spinoff from AT&T of Lucent, reporting to Lucent chief executive Henry B. Schacht; she played a key role in planning and implementing the 1996 initial public offering of stock and company launch strategy. Later in 1996, Fiorina was appointed president of Lucent's consumer products business, reporting to Rich McGinn, president and chief operating officer. In 1997, she was appointed chair of Lucent's consumer communications joint venture with Philips consumer communications. Later that year, she was named group president for the global service provider business at Lucent, overseeing marketing and sales for the company's largest customer segment.
In 1998, Fortune magazine named her the "most powerful woman in business" in its inaugural listing, and she was included in the Time 100 in 2004 and remained in the Fortune listing throughout her tenure at HP. Fiorina was #10 on the Forbes list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women for 2004. She became regarded by many as being the first woman to head up a Fortune 20 company, and to have overcome the metaphorical "glass ceiling".
In July 1999, Hewlett-Packard Company named Fiorina chief executive officer succeeding Lewis Platt and prevailing over the internal candidate Ann Livermore. She became the first woman to lead a Fortune 20 company. Fiorina immediately became a highly visible chief executive, and remained so throughout her tenure at the company with a vast array of engineering talent at her disposal.
Fiorina proceeded to reorganize HP, and merge the part she kept with the PC maker Compaq. Although the decision to spin off the company's technical equipment division predated her arrival, one of her first major responsibilities as chief executive was overseeing the separation of the unit into the standalone Agilent Technologies. Fiorina proposed the acquisition of the technology services arm of PricewaterhouseCoopers for almost $14 billion but withdrew the bid after a lackluster reception from Wall Street. Following the collapse of the dot-com bubble, the PwC consulting arm was acquired by IBM for less than $4 billion. In 2001, Fiorina was named one of the thirty most powerful women in America by Forbes magazine. In early September 2001, in the wake of the bursting of the Tech Bubble, Fiorina announced the controversial merger with Compaq, a leading competitor in the industry. Fiorina fought for the merger, and it was implemented despite strong opposition from board member Walter Hewlett (the son of company co-founder William Hewlett) who claimed that the merger was being pursued by Fiorina in desperation to make a strategic decision and to give her some breathing space from Wall Street.
He launched a proxy fight against Fiorina's efforts, which failed. The Compaq merger created the world's largest personal computer manufacturer by units shipped, a position the company lost in 2003 and regained in 2006.
Fiorina presented herself as a realist regarding the effects of globalization. She has been a strong proponent, along with other technology executives, of the expansion of the H-1B visa program. In January 2004, at a meeting to "head off rising protectionist sentiment in Congress," Fiorina said: "There is no job that is America's God-given right anymore. We have to compete for jobs as a nation." While Fiorina argued that the only way to "protect U.S. high-tech jobs over the long haul was to become more competitive [in the United States]," her comments prompted "strong reactions" from some technology workers who argued that lower wages outside the United States encouraged the offshoring of American jobs. Fiorina responded against protectionism in an editorial in the Wall Street Journal, writing that while "America is the most innovative country," it would not remain so if the country were to "run away from the reality of the global economy."
In early January 2005, the Hewlett-Packard board of directors discussed with Fiorina a list of issues that the board had regarding the company's performance. The board proposed a plan to shift her authority to HP division heads, which Fiorina resisted. A week after the meeting, the confidential plan was leaked to the Wall Street Journal. Less than a month later, the board brought back Tom Perkins and forced Fiorina to resign as chair and chief executive officer of the company. The company's stock jumped on news of Fiorina's departure. Under the company's agreement with Fiorina, which was characterized as a golden parachute by Meredith Vieira and TIME (magazine) and Yahoo! she was paid slightly more than $20 million in severance.
Judgments on Fiorina's tenure at HP are mixed. In 2008, Infoworld grouped her with a list of products and ideas as flops, declaring her to be the "anti-Steve Jobs" for reversing the goodwill of American engineers and for alienating existing customers. In 2008, Loren Steffy of The New York Times suggested that the EDS acquisition well after Fiorina's tenure was evidence that her actions as CEO were justified. However, elsewhere, Fiorina frequently has been ranked as one of the worst CEOs of all time.
After resigning from HP, Fiorina was named to several board memberships. She was named to the boards of directors at Revolution Health Group and computer security company Cybertrust. The following year, she became a member of the board of directors for chip maker Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company. She joined the board of trustees of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum. She is an Honorary Fellow of the London Business School. In July 2012, Governor Bob McDonnell of Virginia appointed her to the James Madison University Board of Visitors.
Fiorina received significant media exposure before and during her tenure at HP, speaking at many business conferences and appearing on the cover of numerous business magazines. In the years since leaving HP, Fiorina has maintained her visibility in the media. In a commencement address in May 2005, Fiorina said about her tenure at Hewlett-Packard:
The worst thing I could have imagined happened. I lost my job in the most public way possible, and the press had a field day with it all over the world. And guess what? I'm still here. I am at peace and my soul is intact.
During an interview with Charlie Rose, Fiorina said she believed that her leadership was strong during her tenure with Hewlett-Packard, and that the Compaq merger was a critical step for the company, although the merger was misunderstood by the board of directors. In October 2006, Fiorina released an autobiography, Tough Choices, about her career and her views on such issues as what constitutes a leader, how women can thrive in business, and the role technology will continue to play in reshaping the world. Fiorina signed on with the Fox Business Network to become a business commentator on the network. She is Chair and CEO of Carly Fiorina Enterprises where, according to her political campaign Facebook page, she is "bringing her unique perspective and experience to bear on the challenging issues of our world, championing economic growth and empowerment for a more prosperous and secure world". She has appeared at many public events. She rang the opening bell of the Wall Street stock market on the official day of the HP-Compaq merger and in 2000 she was the ceremonial host opening the largest EasyInternetcafé at Times Square and the opening of the Epcot ride Mission: SPACE. In 2004, Fiorina was a member of the President's Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy, which produced a report for George W. Bush. She has appeared many times on TV such as in 2007 on Real Time with Bill Maher.
Fiorina has and continues to be involved with many business leadership activities including:
- Leadership summits run by Bill Hybels
- Business Executives for National Security
- The Wall Street Journal's D Conference (All Things Digital) in Carlsbad, California
- Texas Conference for Women
- Texas Monthly Talks
- The Women's Conference
- Willow Creek Association
- Willow Creek Community Church
In 2008, Fiorina worked for Senator John McCain's presidential campaign. In early 2008, Fiorina was referred to in media sources as a potential vice presidential candidate, and The New York Times noted that while she didn't want to run, she is an executive who could possibly become a candidate for President. On March 7, 2008, Fiorina was named fundraising chair for the Republican National Committee's "Victory" initiative. She was also a "point person" for the McCain campaign on issues related to business and economic affairs. Fiorina's severance package from Hewlett-Packard in 2005, was viewed by some as a political liability during the campaign.
On September 3, 2008, Fiorina addressed the Republican National Convention. Earlier that day, she defended the selection of Sarah Palin as McCain's running mate and said that Palin was being subjected to sexist attacks, a charge she repeated a few days later in response to one of the Saturday Night Live parodies of Sarah Palin. In response to questions during a radio interview on September 15, 2008, she stated that Palin lacks the experience to run a major company like Hewlett-Packard, "[b]ut that's not what she's running for. Running a corporation is a different set of things." Fiorina later amended her comment, stating that none of the candidates on either ticket had the experience to run a major corporation. After media coverage of her comments, one of her scheduled appearances on behalf of the campaign was canceled, although Fiorina continued to chair the party's fundraising committee.
On November 4, 2009, Fiorina formally announced her candidacy in the 2010 Senate election in a bid to unseat incumbent Barbara Boxer. Fiorina's campaign in the Republican primary for that seat received a number of endorsements, including one from Sarah Palin in the form of a Facebook note. Her campaign ad about Republican rival Tom Campbell featuring a "demon sheep" created international, mostly negative, publicity. After the ad went viral, the California Democratic Party created a parody of the ad depicting Fiorina herself as a demon sheep.
On June 8, 2010, Fiorina won the Republican primary election for Senate with over 50 percent of the vote, beating Campbell and State Assemblyman Chuck DeVore.
The Los Angeles Times research of public records indicated Fiorina had failed to vote in most elections. Fiorina responded: "I'm a lifelong registered Republican but I haven't always voted, and I will provide no excuse for it. You know, people die for the right to vote. And there are many, many Californians and Americans who exercise that civic duty on a regular basis. I didn't. Shame on me."
The Los Angeles Times noted that Fiorina has conservative positions on certain social issues. She personally opposed abortion and, as a private citizen, stated that she voted for Proposition 8, which defined marriage as a union between one man and one woman, overturning a court ruling that same-sex couples had a right to marry. Following an August 4, 2010, federal court ruling that Proposition 8 was unconstitutional, Fiorina expressed disagreement with the ruling, saying that California voters spoke clearly against same-sex unions when a majority approved the proposition in 2008. She had stated that she opposed litmus tests for Supreme Court nominations and did not favor a federal "personhood" amendment. Fiorina had called climate change a "serious issue" but claimed that the science surrounding global warming is inconclusive, saying "I think we should have the courage to examine the science on an ongoing basis." In a campaign ad, Fiorina also likened Boxer's concerns over global warming to worrying about "the weather." She accepted large contributions from the coal industry as well as Koch Industries Fiorina opposed the cap and trade legislation supported by Boxer, and thought efforts to control greenhouse gases would cost 3 million jobs and are "massively destructive".
Sarah Palin was set to appear at a GOP fundraiser two weeks ahead of the November 2nd election, but neither Meg Whitman nor Fiorina – both big-name Republicans – planned to attend. The prediction was Palin's primary endorsement would jeopardize her general election candidacy.
By October 22, when it became public that she had loaned $1 million to her campaign, Fiorina had contributed $6.5 million to her own race.
Boxer won the general election, defeating Fiorina 52.2% to 42.2%.
Fiorina continues to advocate for Republican and conservative causes. On February 8, 2013, she gave a keynote address at the Ripon Society’s 2013 Legislative and Communications Directors Symposium on Leadership at Mount Vernon, advocating for several issues including simplifying and reforming the federal tax code, promoting the use of business technology in government, and helping small businesses.
Fiorina has ruled out running for the U.S. Senate in 2016, but has refused to rule out running for Governor of California in 2018 and for President in 2016. In November 2014 it was reported by The Washington Post that Fiorina was "actively exploring" a run for President. Her business background and status as the only CEO and the only woman in a "sea of suited men" were mentioned as positives, with Republican strategists pointing to her disastrous 2010 Senate campaign, unpaid campaign debt and dismissal from HP as "considerable challenges".
Fiorina (then Cara Carleton Sneed) married Todd Bartlem, a Stanford classmate, in June 1977. They divorced in 1984. In 1985, she married AT&T executive Frank Fiorina. It was the second marriage for both. She helped to raise his two daughters Traci and Lori Ann. They attempted to have children together but, as Fiorina puts it: "That wasn't God's plan." Fiorina and her husband live in Mason Neck, Virginia.
On February 20, 2009, Fiorina was diagnosed with breast cancer. She underwent a double mastectomy at Stanford Hospital on March 2, 2009, followed by chemotherapy, which caused her to temporarily lose her hair, and later radiation therapy. She was given "an excellent prognosis for a full recovery." Early in her campaign for the United States Senate seat held by Barbara Boxer, Fiorina told a group of supporters: "I have to say that after chemotherapy, Barbara Boxer just isn't that scary anymore."
- Rex Crum. "H-P board ousts chief Fiorina". MarketWatch.
- Rob Wright. "The HP-Compaq Merger: Partners Reflect 10 Years Later". CRN.
- Tobak, Steve (April 27, 2012). "America's worst CEOs: Where are they now?". CBS News. CBS Moneywatch.
- "Portfolio's Worst American CEOs of All Time". CNBC. Portfolio.com.
- Maney, Kevin (February 16, 2005). "Can Fiorina trump competition for 'worst tech CEO' title?". USA Today Money. USA Today.
- Bracetti, Alex (Jul 8, 2011). "Horrible Bosses: The Worst Tech CEOs Of All Time". Complex Pop Culture. Complex.
- McKinley, Jesse (November 3, 2010). "In California, Boxer Wins Senate Race, and Brown Is Leading for Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Vital records of live births in 1954 from Travis County, Texas. USGenWeb Archives
- Fiorina, Carly (2006). Tough Choices: a memoir. Portfolio. p. 1. ISBN 1-59184-133-X.
- Fiorina, Tough Choices, p. 21.
- "Systems and technology company headquarters, top execs announced" (Press release). November 20, 1995.
- "AT&T announces board members, SEC filing for new company" (Press release). February 5, 1996.
- "Fiorina to head Consumer Products business for Lucent Technologies" (Press release). October 15, 1996.
- "Philips and Lucent complete PCC joint venture, create world leader in corded/cordless phones and answering machines" (Press release). October 1, 1997.
- "Lucent Technologies appoints chief operating officers, organizes business around fastest growth opportunities" (Press release). October 23, 1997.
- No Glass Floor Either February 14, 2005
- Julie Creswell and Dina Bass (October 12, 1998). "Ranking The 50 Most Powerful Women: Fortune's First Annual Look at the Women Who Most Influence Corporate America". Fortune.
- Patricia Sellers and Cora Daniels (October 12, 1998). "The 50 Most Powerful Women In American Business: In an age of celebrity, it may surprise you that our No. 1 woman is someone you've never heard of. There are other surprises too: Some nontraditional businesswomen, like Oprah Winfrey, rank high--and some well-known CEOs, like Warnaco's Linda Wachner, don't.". Fortune.
- #10 Carleton "Carly" S. Fiorina 2004.
- David Einstein (July 19, 1999). "HP taps Lucent exec for top post". Forbes. Retrieved Oct 13, 2009.
- Sellers, Patricia (October 12, 1998). "The 50 Most Powerful Women in American Business". Fortune. Retrieved Jul 15, 2008.
- Sarah H. Wright (April 13, 2005). "Four earn place in Time". MIT News Office.
- MacDonald, Elizabeth; Schoenberger, Chana R. (August 20, 2004). "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Retrieved Oct 13, 2009.
- Carly Fiorina talks tough. Fortune
- The Fiorina Perplex—San Francisco Chronicle
- K. T Greenfield (August 2, 1999). "What glass ceiling? Carly Fiorina takes over Hewlett-Packard, becoming the first woman CEO of a Dow 30 firm". Time: 72.
- Wharton School (October 18, 2006). "An Interview with Carly Fiorina". Knowledge@Wharton.
- Behind Fortune’s Most Powerful Women: What makes a Fortune Most Powerful Woman March 23, 2009.
- de Vries, Lloyd. The Rise & Fall Of Carly Fiorina. CBS News. February 10, 2005.
- Loren Steffy (May 14, 2008). "With merger, HP adopts Fiorina's strategy". Houston Chronicle.
- Remember: Carly Fiorina March 6, 2009 (in French).
- Walter Hewlett: Fiorina Won't Survive If Merger Is Shot Down Mar. 12, 2002.
- Dawn Kawamoto (March 13, 2002). "Walter Hewlett speaks out". CNET.
- HP loses No. 1 spot in sales to Dell: Rivals' worldwide figures competitively close amid signs of stronger market Oct. 18, 2002.
- HP holds on to PC lead by a thread: Through its merger with Compaq Computer, Hewlett-Packard has become the world's largest PC manufacturer for the first time, but the distinction might be short lived Jul. 19, 2002.
- Hewlett-Packard overtakes Dell as top PC maker Oct. 20, 2006.
- Arrington, Michael (March 17, 2008). "McCain Embraces Tech Executives For White House Push". Townhall.com..
- Jim Puzzanghera (Jan 8, 2004). "Coalition of High-Tech Firms to Urge Officials to Help Keep U.S. Competitive". San Jose Mercury News.
- Drew Cullen (Jan 8, 2004). "US tech industry stands up for overseas jobs". The Register.
- Carolyn Lochhead (Jan 8, 2004). "Tech bosses defend overseas hiring / Intel, HP chiefs warn that U.S. needs to improve education system". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Carolyn Lochhead (Jan 9, 2004). "Economists back tech industry's overseas hiring / Workers deny U.S. lacks qualified staff". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Carly Fiorina (February 13, 2004). "Be Creative, Not Protectionist". The Wall Street Journal.
- Pui-Wing Tam (February 10, 2005). "H-P's Board Ousts Fiorina as CEO". The Wall Street Journal.
- Peter Burrows and Ben Elgin (March 14, 2005). "The Surprise Player Behind The Coup At HP". BusinessWeek.
- Pui-Wing Tam (Jan 24, 2005). "Hewlett-Packard Board Considers A Reorganization; Management Moves Stem From Performance Concerns; Helping Fiorina Succeed'". The Wall Street Journal.
- "HP Chairman and CEO Carly Fiorina Steps Down" (Press release). HP. February 9, 2005.
- Paul R. La Monica (February 10, 2005). "Fiorina out, HP stock soars". CNN/Money.
- Satyam Khanna. "McCain Clueless When Asked About Fiorina's $40 Million Parachute: 'I Don't Know The Details'". Think Progress.
- Claire Suddath. "Carly Sneed Fiorina: Biggest Golden Parachutes". TIME Magazine.
- Aaron Task. "Another Corporate Outrage: 'Golden Parachutes' for Failed CEOs". Yahoo!.
- "HP To Pay Fiorina $21 Million Severance Package". ECommerce Times. February 14, 2005. Archived from the original on Feb 18, 2005.
- Tech's all-time top 25 flops: 6. Carly Fiorina Jan. 21, 2008.
- Eight years and $14 billion later, HP ex-chief Fiorina vindicated: Under Fiorina’s successor, Mark Hurd, HP rallied to trounce Dell Inc. in personal computers, but PCs are still a commodity business May 14, 2008.
- "Fiorina joins Case's company". CNN/Money. September 9, 2005.
- "Carly Fiorina Joins Cybertrust Board of Directors" (Press release). October 27, 2005.
- Dan Nystedt (April 6, 2006). "Carly Fiorina joins board of chip maker TSMC". Network World.
- "Former Executive Bios: Carleton S. Fiorina". Retrieved Jan 16, 2006.
- TSMC’s Board of Directors.
- Revolution Health's Board of directors.
- National panelists.
- "Gov. McDonnell Makes Appointments to JMU Board of Visitors" (Press release). James Madison University. July 9, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- Clabaugh, Jeff (April 18, 2012). "Carly Fiorina joins Good360". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
- "Fiorina's Commencement Address". BusinessWeek. May 9, 2005.
- Fiorina, Carly (October 10, 2006). The Charlie Rose Show. Interview with Charlie Rose.
- Michael Learmonth (October 10, 2007). "Fox cabler signs Fiorina". Daily Variety. p. 4.
- Facebook Info tab Retrieved October 3, 2009.
- Zakrzewski, Paul (November 30, 2000). "Rebirth of the Internet Café". atnewyork.com. Retrieved September 7, 2007.
- Leadership Summit 2009 – Bill Hybels, Henry Cloud, Patrick Lencioni, Carly Fiorina, David Ireland: Hiring, Firing, and Board Meltdowns August 6, 2009.
- Collaborating to succeed: Business Executives for National Security (BENS) October 20, 2004.
- Fiorina at AllThingsD.
- Eleventh Annual Cyberposium at Harvard Business School Continues Tradition of Exploring Emerging... September 7, 2005.
- Party GOP-style with Meg Whitman and Carly Fiorina November 4, 2008.
- Women share experiences: Fired Hewlett-Packard CEO Carly Fiorina told the Texas Conference for Women that failure can be an opportunity for growth October 5, 2007.
- Writer and Former CEO Carly Fiorina | Texas Monthly Talks January 17, 2008.
- HP's Carly Fiorina to Address National Women's Leadership Conference May 1 March 1, 2004.
- The Leadership Summit 2009.
- Tony Blair, Bono Appear at Willow Creek Conference August 7, 2009.
- Jacoby, Mary (April 22, 2008). "Carly Fiorina Gets a Plug for VP Job". The Wall Street Journal..
- Eilperin, Juliet (Jan 23, 2008). "McCain Outlines Economic Plans". The Trail..
- Zernike, Kate (May 18, 2008). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times.
- Carpenter, Amanda (March 7, 2008). "RNC Merges with McCain". Townhall.com..
- Why Is Carly Fiorina - a Symbol of Corporate Excesses - McCain's Favorite CEO? Jun. 13, 2008.
- McCain Economic Adviser Carly Fiorina's Golden Parachute Sep. 16, 2008.
- McCain Defends Fiorina's Golden Parachute Oct. 23, 2008.
- Republican National Convention (2008). "Remarks As Prepared for Delivery: Carly Fiorina". Republican National Committee. Retrieved Sep 6, 2008.
- Ostrom, Mary Anne (September 3, 2008). "Former valley tech leaders Fiorina, Whitman tout McCain, his economic plan". Mercury News. Retrieved Sep 15, 2008.
- Mooney, Alexander (September 15, 2008). ""Fiorina calls SNL impersonation of Palin 'sexist'" CNN Political Ticker, September 15, 2008".
- ""CBS NEWS' FACE THE NATION" (transcript)" (PDF). CBS News. August 31, 2008. Retrieved Sep 19, 2008.
- Marinucci, Carl (September 17, 2008). "Fiorina: Candidates not CEO Material". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved Sep 19, 2008.
- King, John (September 16, 2008). "Fiorina's comment called 'Biden-like'". CNN. Retrieved Sep 16, 2008.
- Tommy Christopher (September 16, 2008). "Will Carly Fiorina 'Disappear' Like Gramm?". AOL News. Retrieved Feb 16, 2011.
- "Is Fiorina finished? Two big mistakes get Carly in trouble". Christian Science Monitor. September 16, 2008. Retrieved Sep 16, 2008.
- "McCain camp disappears Fiona". Countdown with Keith Olbermann. Sep. 17, 2008.
- King, John (September 16, 2008). "Fiorina's comment called 'Biden-like'". CNN Political Ticker. Retrieved Sep 16, 2008.
- Carpenter, Amanda (March 7, 2008). "RNC Merges with McCain". Townhall.com.
- Meyers, Jim. "Newsmax Exclusive: The 25 Influential Women of the GOP". Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Jason Linkins (September 22, 2009). "Carly Fiorina Launches "Worst Political Website Ever"". Huffington Post.
- Joshua Sharp (February 21, 2009). "Carly Fiorina "Considering" Bid to Oust Barbara Boxer in 2010". Politics Daily.
- Olsen Ebright (September 25, 2009). "The Splash Page Mocked Across the Internet: Carly Fiorina's website gets its online comeuppance". NBC San Diego. Retrieved October 13, 2009.
- Richard Rubin (February 15, 2005). "Marin Voice: Boxer appears ready for 2010 re-election battle". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved October 13, 2009.
- Let’s shake it up in California! Sarah Palin, Facebook - May 6, 2010.
- Andy Barr (May 6, 2010) Facebook turns on Sarah PalinPolitico.
- Conservative gives the candidate he backs in California an ultimatum CNN May 11, 2010.
- Demon sheep' ad may be bad move, experts say
- snu (April 28, 2010). "Wackelnder demokratischer Senatssitz" [Uncertain democratic senate seat]. NZZ (in German) (Zurich). p. 9.
Sie dürfte sich indes mit ihren filmtechnisch stümperhaften, inhaltlich dümmlichen Werbespots gegen ihren innerparteilichen Widersacher Tom Campbell komprimittiert haben. Darin zeichnet Fiorina den allgemein als kompetent und freundlich geltenden Abgeordneten als gefährlichen Wolf im Schafspelz.
- Feldmann, Linda. Demon Sheep: the sequel, starring Carly Fiorina. The Christian Science Monitor. May 7, 2010.
- Hiltzik, Michael (November 5, 2009). "Carly Fiorina's Senate campaign an uninspiring product launch". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- Lin, Judy (November 5, 2009). "Fiorina: 'Shame on me' for not voting more". Yahoo! News. The Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- Seema Mehta (January 15, 2010). "Tom Campbell leaves California governor's race, enters Senate contest". Los Angeles Times.
- Bolcer, Julie (August 5, 2010). "Fiorina Opposed to Prop 8 Ruling". The Advocate. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Matthew Cunningham (November 24, 2009). "U.S. Senate Watch: Interview With Carly Fiorina".
- Zapler, Mark (November 18, 2009). "Fiorina faces the D.C. press corps, but offers few specifics". San Jose Mercury-News. Retrieved March 15, 2010.[dead link]
- Koch, Wendy (June 6, 2010). "Carly Fiorina calls climate change the "weather"". USA Today. Retrieved June 7, 2010.
- Lance Williams (July 26, 2010). "Global warming doubter, coal industry donate to Fiorina campaign". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Tim Rutten (September 25, 2010). "Fiorina's Billionaire Backers". Los Angeles Times.
- Sam Stein (March 13, 2010). "Demon Sheep Ad Man Strikes Again, Morphs Boxer Into A Blimp (VIDEO)". Huffington Post.
- Marinucci, Carla; Garofoli, Joe (March 14, 2010). "Lots of tough talk at state GOP convention". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- Toxic touch, Why Caroly Fiorina and Meg Whitman shy from Sarah Palin, Christian Science Monitor, Daniel B. Wood, October 8, 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Fiorina adds $1 million for final push in Senate race, CBS News, 22 October 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Lou Zickar, "'Leadership is always about tough choices.' Carly Fiorina Talks about the Future of the Republican Party and the Reforms the GOP Should Embrace in Speech to Ripon Society Symposium", Press release, Ripon Society, Feb 20, 2013, Accessed Mar 1, 2013
- Carla Marinucci (September 24, 2014). "Carly Fiorina won’t rule out run for White House". SF Gate. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- (July 28, 2014)"A Female Republican for President in 2016?", U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 9, 2014
- (July 28, 2014)"Carly Fiorina Running For President?", AOL. Retrieved September 9, 2014
- (March 14, 2014)"Carly Fiorina: A “True West” conservative at CPAC 2014", The Hill. Retrieved September 9, 2014
- (June 30, 2014)"Carly Fiorina slams Dems' 'War on Women' campaign", CNN. Retrieved September 9, 2014
- Philip Rucker; Matea Gold (November 25, 2014). "Carly Fiorina actively explores 2016 presidential run but faces GOP critics". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Fiorina, Tough Choices, Ch. 6, Choices of the Heart.
- Fiorina, Tough Choices, pp. 88, 93-96, Chapter 12: Confrontation and Understanding.
- Joann S. Lublin and Rebecca Blumenstein (July 22, 1999). "In the Upscale Fiorina Family, She's the CEO and He's Home but she enjoys the simple life". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on Nov 1, 2007.
- "Potential VP Bios: Republicans". CBS. June 16, 2008. Retrieved Nov 4, 2009.
- "Carly Fiorina Is Hospitalized". The New York Times. October 26, 2010.
- "Fiorina comes out swinging - at her cancer", Carla Marinucci and Joe Garofoli, SFGate, November 7, 2009.
- Carla Marinucci (March 3, 2009). "Carly Fiorina has surgery for breast cancer". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved Mar 20, 2009.
- Steven Musil (March 2, 2009). "Carly Fiorina treated for breast cancer". CNET. Retrieved Mar 20, 2009.
- "Fiorina takes fight to Boxer in Senate campaign kickoff", by Mike Zapler, Mercury News, November 4, 2009.
- Fiorina, Carly. Tough Choices: A Memoir. Portfolio Hardcover, 2006. (hardcover: ISBN 1-59184-133-X, abridged audiobook: ISBN 0-14-305907-6)
- Anders, George. Perfect Enough: Carly Fiorina and the Reinvention of Hewlett-Packard. New York: Penguin Group, 2003. ISBN 1-59184-003-1.
- Burrows, Peter. Backfire: Carly Fiorina's High-Stakes Battle for the Soul of Hewlett-Packard. Wiley, 2003. ISBN 0-471-26765-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carly Fiorina.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Carly Fiorina|
- Carly Fiorina Enterprises
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org
Interviews and speeches
- Fiorina's keynote speech, given at MIT (October 11, 2002)
- Video timeline of tenure, compiled by CNET (February 10, 2005)
- Interview with Leslie Stahl, from 60 Minutes (October 8, 2006)
- Fiorina interview, with Forbes (October 11, 2006)
- Discussion of Tough Choices, from FORA.tv (October 19, 2006)
- Management and leadership series, from Stanford University (April 5, 2007)
- Stanford interview, from iinnovate (May 16, 2007)
- Web 2.0 Summit 09: A conversation on YouTube from O'Reilly Media (October 22, 2009) Alternate URL
|President of Hewlett-Packard
|Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard
|Chair of Hewlett-Packard
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from California