Carlyon Bay (Cornish: Caryones, meaning forts) is a bay and beach in St Austell on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is located approximately 2 miles (3 km) east of the town centre.
Between 1920 and the Second World War, Carlyon Bay was the site of the New Cornish Riviera Lido and large sports facilities. After the war it became known as the Cornish Leisure World. The Cornwall Coliseum hosted exhibitions, tennis tournaments and many concerts by leading musicians, but lost its importance with the opening of the Plymouth Pavilions in 1991. The original 1990 planning permission for redevelopment into 500 homes was at first not realised, the main obstacle being the need for better sea defences. Nevertheless, the site fell into disrepair.
In July 2011, Cornwall Council approved a new planning application for 500 luxury apartments and associated facilities. The private developers (Ampersand and Commercial Estates Group) are planning to begin work on the new sea defences in late 2011 and on the apartments in spring 2012.
Geography and geology
Carlyon Bay is surrounded by low cliffs and is divided into three areas: Crinnis, Shorthorn and Polgaver. Much of the sand on the beach is actually waste material from the china clay industry known as "stent". Cornwall Wildlife Trust has identified Shorthorn Beach (the middle beach of the three) as a site of national importance.
The area surrounding the bay was a centre of the mining industry and is now a golf course. The South West Coast Path runs along the cliff top and across the golf course. The Cliff Head Hotel was established in 1934.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 204 Truro & Falmouth ISBN 978-0-319-23149-4
- A brief history, The Carlyon Bay Development.
History of the beaches, Carlyon Bay Watch.
Praising 20 years of the Pavilions, Plymouth Herald, 16 September 2011.
- New Carlyon Bay plans submitted, Business Cornwall, 3 March 2011.
- 'World-class' development approved for Carlyon Bay, This is Cornwall, 6 July 2011.
- Who are we?, The Carlyon Bay Development.
The Carlyon Next steps, Bay Development.
- Carlyon Bay from Internet Movie Database
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