|Canton||Carmaux-Nord and Carmaux-Sud|
|• Land1||14.16 km2 (5.47 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||81060 / 81400|
|Elevation||228–340 m (748–1,115 ft)
(avg. 235 m or 771 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Carmaux was famous for its important coal mining (from thirteenth century to 2000) and its glassworks (from eighteenth century to 1931). "In 1892, Jean Jaurès supported the miners of Carmaux when they went on strike over the dismissal of their leader, Jean Baptiste Calvignac." (from article Jean Jaurès). So Jaurès converted to socialism and became deputy of Carmaux from 1893 to 1898.
The Cérou flows northwestward through the commune and crosses the town.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
- Bernard Lazare : journalist
- Jean Jaurès : politician
- Jack Cantoni : France Rugby Union International 1970-4
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