Carmelo Borg Pisani
|Carmelo Borg Pisani|
10 August 1915|
|Died||28 November 1942
|Cause of death||Execution by hanging|
|Known for||Hero of the Italian irredentism in Malta executed as a spy by the British|
Carmelo Borg Pisani (1915-1942) was a Maltese-born Italian Fascist patriot who, on being found out during an espionage mission in Malta, was found guilty by a British war tribunal and executed for treason.
Born into a very well respected Maltese family in Senglea, Pisani enrolled as a student at the Umberto Primo art lyceum, where he won a scholarship to study in Rome. In Italy he showed support for fascism and Italian irredentism.
When war was declared on June 10, 1940, Pisani was still attending the Accademia di Belle Arti ("Academy of Fine Arts") in Rome.
During World War II
Pisani believed that Malta's Latin soul was being destroyed by British rule. He also believed that the best opportunity to restore Malta to its original state was to expel the British. To this end, Pisani, along with many other Maltese students in Italy, joined the National Fascist Party. After the outbreak of the war, he volunteered for service in the Italian army, but was refused because he was myopic. This led him to join the MVSN (Blackshirts). He decided to obtain Italian citizenship in 1940 and give up his British citizenship. He returned the British passport through the American embassy in Rome. He participated in the Italian occupation of Kefallinia in Greece with the Compagnia Speciale del Gruppo CC.NN. da sbarco della 50a Legione. He joined also the SIM (Servizio Informazioni Militari, i.e. Military Intelligence Service)
On May 18, 1942, Pisani volunteered for a recon/spying mission to Malta, preliminary to the planned invasion. Pisani disembarked at the Dingli Cliffs in Ras id-Dawwara, and transferred all his rations to a cave, which he knew well from his youth. The unusually inclement weather and the rough sea, however, washed all his possessions away within 48 hours and he was forced to wave down a British patrol boat. Upon rescue, he was brought to the Military Hospital at Mtarfa.
There, Pisani was recognized by one of his childhood friends, Cpt. Tom Warrington. He was transferred to Corradino prison, interrogated, and accused of treason. On November 12, 1942, he stood trial. His plea, that he had renounced British citizenship and passport on his acquisition of Italian citizenship was not upheld. On November 19, 1942, he was sentenced to death for conspiring against His Majesty's government and for treason. His execution followed nine days later.
Borg Pisani was posthumously awarded the Gold Medal of Military Valor, the highest Italian military award, by King Victor Emmanuel III a few days after his death. Requests have been made by his family and the Italian government to exhume his body and give it a burial outside prison grounds, which request has never been acceded to.
Norman Lowell, the ultranationalist head of the political party Imperium Europa, is known to be a staunch supporter and admirer of Carmelo Borg Pisani. He is known for the quotes "Carmelo Borg Pisani, presente!" and "Onore għal Carmelo Borg Pisani!" during a tribute to him in an interview on Super One.
In 2009, an Italian winery named a new wine after Borg Pisani.
- L. Mizzi. Per il sogno della sua vita Volpe ed. Roma, 1981.
- G. Vignoli. Gli Italiani dimenticati. Minoranze italiane in Europa Giuffré ed. Milano, 2000.
- L. Mizzi. Il-Kaz Borg Pisani. Sittin sena Wara, PEG publications. Valletta, 2003.
- S. Fabei. Carmelo Borg Pisani (1915–1942) - eroe o traditore? Lo Scarabeo ed. Bologna, 2007.
- Site which claims Pisani as a hero.
- More Maltese irredentists are mentioned there. (Italian)
- "Medaglia d'oro al Valor Militare alla memoria" awarded to him after his death (with photo of Carmelo Borg Pisani). (Italian)
- Website with information about Carmelo Borg Pisani