María del Carmen Rosario Soledad Cervera y Fernández de la Guerra, Dowager Baroness Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva (in German: María del Carmen Rosario Soledad Freifrau von Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon, popularly known as Carmen "Tita" Cervera or Carmen "Tita" Thyssen) (Barcelona, 23 April 1943), daughter of Enrique Cervera y Manent and wife María del Carmen Fernández de la Guerra y Álvarez (d. Madrid, 22 February 1992), is a Spanish philanthropist, socialite and art dealer and collector and offshore specialist.
She was Miss Spain in 1961 and was married firstly as his fifth wife on 6 March 1965 to Lex Barker, secondly in 1975 to Espartaco Santoni, divorcing in 1978, and thirdly as his fifth wife at Daylesford, Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire, on 16 August 1985, Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza.
None of her marriages had issue, but she had a son born out of wedlock, Alejandro (b. Madrid, 1980), with Manuel Segura. Hans Heinrich adopted her son, known as Borja Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva (who married Blanca Cuesta y Unkhoff at Terrassa, Barcelona, on 11 October 2007 and had two children, Sacha Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva on 31 January 2008 and Eric Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva on 5 August 2010). As a widow, Carmen Cervera has also adopted two twin baby girls, called Guadalupe Sabina and María del Carmen in July 2006,.
She has been an art collector since the 1980s. Items from her collection can be seen at:
- the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid, which includes 200 works from the Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection
- the Carmen Thyssen Museum in Málaga, which opened in 2011.
In 2012, because of a relative lack of funds, she decided to sell a valuable painting by English artist John Constable, The Lock. The painting made a world record price for this artist, as it had done when acquired in 1990.
Carmen Cervera was in 2013 exposed by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists for using complex offshore structures to gain tax advantages. Her spokesman stressed that she uses tax havens primarily because they give her “maximum flexibility” when she moves art from country to country.
- (Spanish) Díaz de Tuesta, M. José (31/05/2007), Del Thyssen a Nuevo Baztán, El País
- "Art expert quits museum in fury at £25m Constable sale". Daily Mail. 30 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
- Brown, Mark (2012). "John Constable's The Lock to be sold at auction". The Guardian. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- (Spanish) Garcia, Angeles. "Carmen Cervera: "No soy gastosa. Los ricos también están en crisis"". Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Constable's The Lock sells for £22m". Guardian. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
- "Secret Files Expose Offshore’s Global Impact". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-06.