Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mike Nichols|
|Produced by||Mike Nichols
Joseph E. Levine
|Written by||Jules Feiffer|
|Editing by||Sam O'Steen|
|Studio||AVCO Embassy Pictures|
|Distributed by||AVCO Embassy Pictures (1971, original)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1999, DVD)
|Running time||97 minutes|
Sandy and Jonathan Fuerst are roommates at Amherst College whose lives are explored and seem to offer a contrast to one another. Spanning a 25-year period, from their college years in the late 1940s to middle age in the early 1970s, the film explores their relationships with various women.
- Jack Nicholson as Jonathan Fuerst
- Arthur Garfunkel as Sandy
- Candice Bergen as Susan
- Ann-Margret as Bobbie
- Rita Moreno as Louise
- Carol Kane as Jennifer
- Cynthia O'Neal as Cindy
The script was originally written as a play. Jules Feiffer sent it to Mike Nichols who thought it would work better as a film.
The changes in the morals of American society of the 1960s and 1970s and the general receptiveness by the public to frank discussion of sexual issues was sometimes at odds with local community standards. A theatre in Albany, Georgia, showed the film. On January 13, 1972, the local police served a search warrant on the theatre, and seized the film. In March 1972, the theatre manager, Mr. Jenkins, was convicted of the crime of "distributing obscene material". His conviction was upheld by the Supreme Court of Georgia. On June 24, 1974, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the State of Georgia had gone too far in classifying material as obscene in view of its prior decision in Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973) (the Miller standard), and overturned the conviction. Jenkins v. Georgia, 418 U.S. 153 (1974). The court also said that,
Our own viewing of the film satisfies us that Carnal Knowledge could not be found … to depict sexual conduct in a patently offensive way. Nothing in the movie falls within … material which may constitutionally be found … "patently offensive" … While the subject matter of the picture is, in a broader sense, sex, and there are scenes in which sexual conduct including "ultimate sexual acts" is to be understood to be taking place, the camera does not focus on the bodies of the actors at such times. There is no exhibition whatever of the actors' genitals, lewd or otherwise, during these scenes. There are occasional scenes of nudity, but nudity alone is not enough to make material legally obscene… Appellant's showing of the film Carnal Knowledge is simply not the "public portrayal of hard core sexual conduct for its own sake, and for the ensuing commercial gain" which we said was punishable…
Carnal Knowledge was nominated for Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama (Jack Nicholson), Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture (Art Garfunkel), and Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (Ann-Margret).
In popular culture
- The 1971 All in the Family episode has Archie and Edith coming home after watching the film. Edith thought it was a religious film because she thought the title of the film was "Cardinal Knowledge" until Archie corrects her.
- The 1992 The Wonder Years episode "Carnal Knowledge" has Kevin Arnold and his friends attempting to sneak in to see the film despite being underage.
- In the 1992 Seinfeld episode "The Trip", George Costanza and Jerry Seinfeld ponder whether or not Candice Bergen showed her breasts in the film.
Carnal Knowledge was released on DVD December 7, 1999, by MGM Home Video.
- "CARNAL KNOWLEDGE (X)". British Board of Film Classification. 1971-07-19. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- Nichols Meets Jules Feiffer: Mike Nichols By A. H. WEILER. New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 Oct 1969: D17.
- Censored Films and Television at University of Virginia online
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Carnal Knowledge|
- Carnal Knowledge at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Carnal Knowledge at the Internet Movie Database
- Carnal Knowledge at AllMovie
- Carnal Knowledge at Box Office Mojo
- Carnal Knowledge at Rotten Tomatoes