Carnival Cruise Lines
|Industry||Travel & Tourism (Cruise Industry)|
|Founded||1972, by Ted Arison|
|Headquarters||Doral, Florida, United States|
|Key people||Gerry Cahill
(President and CEO),
Jim Berra Executive VP of Marketing
(Cruise Director & Brand Ambassador)
Ruben Rodriguez SVP of Marketing
|Revenue||US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|Operating income||US$2.3 billion (FY 2011)|
|Net income||US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total assets||US$35 billion (FY 2011)|
|Total equity||US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)|
|Employees||3,800 - Shoreside
33,500 - Shipboard
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & plc|
References: Largest cruise line in the world based on passengers carried annually, annual revenue and total number of ships in fleet 
Carnival Cruise Lines is a British-American owned cruise line, based in Doral, Florida, a suburb of Miami in the United States. Originally an independent company founded in 1972 by Ted Arison, the company is now one of ten cruise ship brands owned and operated by Carnival Corporation & plc. The company has the largest fleet in the group, with 24 vessels currently in operation that account for 21.1% of the worldwide market share. Executive control of the company is provided by the North American division of Carnival Corporation, headquartered in Doral, Florida.
Carnival was a pioneer in the concept of shorter, less expensive cruises. Its ships are known for their Las Vegas-style decor and entertainment. The line calls its ships The Fun Ships, and there are a wide range of activities offered on board. Its trademark is the funnel, which is red, white and blue and shaped like a whale's tail. The mascot for Carnival is "Fun Ship Freddy", a character in the shape of Carnival's distinctive funnel.
In 1996 the Carnival Destiny of 101,000 GT became the largest passenger ship in the world at the time. In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, which was called the Pinnacle Project, which calls for a 200,000-GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship.
As of 2009, the latest and largest ship in the Carnival fleet was the Carnival Dream, a new 128,251 GT ship. The Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, the Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel. It entered service in June 2012 and is homeported in Miami. On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012; the Carnival Breeze.
On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Lines brand. This ship will be built by Fincantieri and will be the largest ship they have ever built. It will also be the first of a brand new class of ship with a passenger capacity of 4000 and a displacement of 135,000 tons. It is scheduled to be delivered in the Winter of 2016, nearly four years after the Carnival Breeze entered service.
Current ships 
|Carnival Fantasy||1990||1990–Present||70,367 GT||Charleston, South Carolina||Panama||originally, the Fantasy|
|Carnival Ecstasy||1991||1991–Present||70,526 GT||Panama||originally, the Ecstasy|
|Carnival Sensation||1993||1993–Present||70,538 GT||Port Canaveral,
|Bahamas||originally, the Sensation|
|Carnival Fascination||1994||1994–Present||70,538 GT||Jacksonville, Florida (JAXPORT)||Bahamas||originally, the Fascination|
|Carnival Imagination||1995||1995–Present||70,367 GT||Bahamas||originally, the Imagination|
|Carnival Inspiration||1996||1996–Present||70,367 GT||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||originally, the Inspiration|
|Carnival Elation||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||New Orleans, Louisiana||Panama||originally, the Elation|
|Carnival Paradise||1998||1998–Present||70,390 GT||Tampa, Florida||Panama||originally, the Paradise|
|Carnival Sunshine||1996||1996- Present||102,853 GT||
||Bahamas||World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT.
Originally sailed as the Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013
|Carnival Triumph||1999||1999-Present||101,509 GT||Galveston, Texas||Bahamas||Similar to Carnival Destiny, but with an additional deck. On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and is scheduled to resume service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service.|
|Carnival Victory||2000||2000–Present||101,509 GT||Miami, Florida||Panama||Identical to the Carnival Triumph.|
|Carnival Spirit||2001||2001–Present||85,920 GT||Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Pride||2001||2002–Present||85,920 GT||Baltimore, Maryland||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor, former flagship of Carnival|
|Carnival Legend||2002||2002–Present||85,942 GT||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Miracle||2004||2004–Present||85,942 GT||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Conquest||2002||2002–Present||110,239 GT||Panama|
|Carnival Glory||2003||2003–Present||110,239 GT||Panama|
|Carnival Valor||2004||2004–Present||110,239 GT||
|Carnival Liberty||2005||2005–Present||110,320 GT||Miami, Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Freedom||2007||2007–Present||110,320 GT||Port Everglades (Fort Lauderdale), Florida||Panama|
|Carnival Splendor||2008||2008–Present||113,323 GT||Panama||Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, but is essentially a modified version of the Destiny-class ships.|
|Carnival Dream||2009||2009–Present||128,251 GT||Port Canaveral, Florida||Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until the Carnival Magic|
|Carnival Magic||2011||2011–Present||128,251 GT||Galveston, Texas||Panama||Ther largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until the Carnival Breeze|
|Carnival Breeze||2012||2012–Present||128,251 GT||Panama||Currently the largest ship built for Carnival Cruise Lines|
Future Ships 
On October 26 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Lines brand. This ship will be built by Fincantieri and will be the largest ship they have ever built. It will also be the first of a brand new class of ship with a passenger capacity of 4000 and a displacement of 135,000 tons. It is scheduled to be delivered in the Winter of 2016, nearly four years after the Carnival Breeze entered service.
|Gross Tonnage||Homeport||Planned Flag||Notes|
|TBA||Winter 2016||135,000 GT||TBA||Panama||Largest ship to be built for Carnival.|
Former ships 
|Mardi Gras||Former Ocean Liner||1961||1972–1993||27,284 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Sold for scrap in 2003.|
|Carnivale||Former Ocean Liner||1956||1975–1994||31,500 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.|
|Festivale||Former Ocean Liner||1962||1977–1996||32,697 GT||Panama||Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Scrapped in 2003.|
|Tropicale||Tropicale||1982||1982–2001||36,674 GT||Liberia||Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as the Ocean Dream in May 2008.|
|Jubilee||Holiday class||1986||1986–2004||47,262 GT||Liberia||in 2004 became the Pacific Sun of P&O Cruises Australia.|
|Celebration||Holiday class||1987||1987–2008||47,262 GT||Madeira, Portugal||Now sails for Iberocruceros as the Grand Celebration|
|Holiday||Holiday class||1985||1985–2009||46,051 GT||Madeira, Portugal||Now sails for Iberocruceros as the Grand Holiday|
Company history 
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (March 2008)|
- 1972 – Carnival Purchases the Empress of Canada
- 1972 - The maiden voyage of Carnival’s first ship, the TSS Mardi Gras, runs aground on sandbar outside the Port of Miami.
- 1975 – Carnival purchases Empress of Britain, which enters service as the TSS Carnivale.
- 1978 – The Festivale, formerly the S.A. Vaal, undergoes $30 million refurbishment, begins service for Carnival as the largest and fastest vessel sailing from Miami to the Caribbean.
- 1982 – Debut of the Tropicale, the first new cruise ship the cruise industry had seen in many years; ship marks the beginning of an industry-wide multi-billion-dollar shipbuilding boom.
- 1984 – Carnival becomes first cruise line to advertise on network television with the premiere of new advertising campaign starring company spokesperson Kathie Lee Gifford (then Kathie Lee Johnson).
- 1985 – Debut of 46,052-ton Holiday
- 1986 – Launch of 47,262-ton Jubilee
- 1987 – The 47,262-ton Celebration enters service
- Carnival earns distinction as “Most Popular Cruise Line in the World,” carrying more passengers than any other.
- Carnival Cruise Lines undertakes its initial public offering on Wall Street, raising approximately $400 million to fuel future expansion; entity later becomes Carnival Corporation & plc, a multi-line worldwide cruise conglomerate.
- 1990 – The 70,367-ton Fantasy – the first and namesake vessel in the highly successful Fantasy-class—enters service as first new ship ever placed on three- and four-day Bahamas cruise program from Miami. Eventually, Carnival would construct eight Fantasy-class vessels, the most cruise ships in a single class.
- 1991 – Launch of 70,367-ton Ecstasy
- 1993 – Introduces its third 70,367-ton, Sensation & Carnival's first ship the Mardi Gras leaves the fleet
- 1994 – Debut of 70,367-ton Fascination & Carnivale leaves the fleet
- Parent company renamed Carnival Corporation to distinguish between it and its flagship brand, Carnival Cruise Lines. Company is later renamed Carnival Corp. & plc following the combination with P&O Princess Cruises, creating the world’s largest cruise vacation group.
- 1995 – 70,367-ton Imagination enters service
- 1996 – Launch of sixth Fantasy-class vessel, the Inspiration & Festivale leaves the fleet
- Launches the first passenger vessel to exceed 100,000 tons, the 101,353-ton Carnival Destiny, at the time the world’s largest cruise ship
- 1998 – Introduces seventh Fantasy-class vessel, the Elation, the first new cruise ship deployed on the West Coast
- The eighth and last in the Fantasy-class series, the Paradise, enters service. Paradise was the only non-smoking cruise ship in the world.
- A fire ignites in the main laundry shortly after 5 p.m. on July 20 aboard the Carnival Ecstasy en route to Key West.
- 1999 – Debut of the 102,000-ton Carnival Triumph, the first Triumph-class vessel.
- 1999 – A fire ignites in the engine room of the Carnival Tropicale after departing Cozumel, Mexico.
- 2000 – A second Triumph-class vessel, the 102,000-ton Carnival Victory, is launched.
- 2001 – Introduces a new class of vessel with the launch of the 88,500-ton Carnival Spirit, the first new “Fun Ship” ever positioned in the Alaska and Hawaii markets. Also, Supermarket Sweep begins the Carnival Cruise Week. The catchphrase was: "Next time you're an ocean liner and you hear their beep — [a foghorn sounds] — think of all the fun you can have on Supermarket Sweep!". & Carnival's first ever newly built Tropicale leaves the fleet
- 2002 – A second Spirit-class vessel, the Carnival Pride, is launched
- Carnival’s third Spirit-class ship, Carnival Legend, enters service
- Debut of the 110,000-ton Carnival Conquest, the largest “Fun Ship” ever constructed at that time.
- 2003- Second 110,000-ton Conquest-class ship, the Carnival Glory, begins year-round seven-day cruises from Port Canaveral, Florida on July 19
- 2004 – Carnival Miracle, the fourth in the Spirit-class, begins a series of 12 voyages from Jacksonville, Florida – the first “Fun Ship” sailings from that port – February 27 & Jubilee leaves the fleet
- A third 110,000-ton Conquest-class ship, the Carnival Valor, begins year-round seven-day service from Miami December 19, becoming the largest "Fun Ship" ever based at that port.
- 2005 – A fourth 110,000-ton Conquest-class vessel, Carnival Liberty, debuts July 20, operating the line's first-ever Mediterranean cruises.
- 2006 - On May 27, around 1:00am, Ramesh Krishnamurthy was presumed dead after he jumped off his balcony on Carnival Legend after an argument with his wife. He was believed to be under the influence.
- 2007 - Carnival Freedom, the fifth 110,000-ton vessel, debuts March 4
- On July 1, David Ritcheson jumps off the Carnival Ecstasy and dies
- 2008 - The 112,000-ton Carnival Splendor debuts July 2 & Celebration leaves the fleet
- 2009 - Carnival Dream, a 128,000-ton vessel, the largest "Fun Ship" ever constructed - entered service on September 21 and is the largest ship ever built by the ship builder Fincantieri. & Holiday leaves the fleet
- 2010 - A fire on Carnival Splendor at 6:30 a.m. PST on 8 November leaves the ship crippled.
- 2011 - Carnival Magic, a 128,000-ton vessel, entered service in May
- 2012 - Carnival Breeze, a 128,000-ton vessel, entered service in the summer
- Carnival Spirit moved to Sydney, Australia in October 2012, it became the first Fun Ship to sail Australian waters and also became the largest cruise ship in Australia year-round. The Carnival Spirit is the first ship that is too tall to fit under the bridge to the cruise terminal so this ship docked at another cruise terminal near by.
- Carnival is adding many of its 2.0 features on some of the ships this year, including the Guy Burger Joint, Blue Iguana Canatiana Taco Bar, Red Frog Rum Bar, Blue Iguana Bar and some others.
- Carnival signs agreement with Fincantieri for a 135,000-ton vessel, to enter service in winter 2016.
- 2013 - A fire on Carnival Triumph on the morning of 10 February leaves the ship crippled.
Hurricane Katrina charters 
Three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and the Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.
- Two more Triumph-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, the Costa Fortuna and the Costa Magica.
- The Carnival Destiny was built with two fewer decks than the rest of the Triumph-class ships.
- Two more Spirit-class ships sail for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises, the Costa Atlantica and the Costa Mediterranea.
- The Conquest-class is based on the overall design of the Destiny-class, but are longer. Because of the additional length, the Conquest class has expanded facilities compared to the Destiny class. Not all ships have a reservations-only restaurant. The Carnival Conquest, Carnival Glory, Carnival Valor, Carnival Liberty and the Carnival Freedom, slightly differ from the rest of the fleet because they have Carnival's Seaside Theater installed by the main pool on the lido deck. The Destiny-class ships, Carnival Destiny, Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory also have one installed.The Carnival Splendor and the Dream-class ships, Carnival Dream, Carnival Magic' and Carnival Breeze were built with the Seaside Theater.
- The Carnival Splendor offers facilities other ships do not have. This is because the ship was originally designed for Carnival's sister company Costa Cruises. Costa Cruises has three sister ships to the Carnival Splendor, the Costa Concordia, the Costa Serena, and the Costa Pacifica. The inaugural voyage for the Carnival Splendor was on 2 July 2008 from Genoa, Italy to Dover, England.
- On 3 April 2008 Micky Arison, the chairman of Carnival Corporation & plc, stated that due to the low value of the US dollar, inflation and high shipbuilding costs, the company would not be ordering any new ships for their US-based brands (Carnival, Princess Cruises and Holland America Line) until the economic situation improves. Carnival Corporation has since ordered no fewer than five ships for the American market: three for Carnival and two for Princess.
Accidents and incidents 
See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.
On the afternoon of July 20, 1998, MS Ecstasy departed the Port of Miami, Florida, when a fire started in the main laundry room shortly after 17:00. As the Ecstasy attempted to reach an anchorage north of the Miami sea buoy, the vessel lost propulsion power and steering and began to drift.
On September 19, 1999, the Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. No crew or guests were injured during the two days the Tropicale spent without propulsion. The ship was later sold and renamed the Ocean Dream.
On November 8, 2010, a fire broke out in the generator room of the Carnival Splendor and the ship lost most power. The ship was adrift off the west coast of Mexico. The ship was towed to San Diego.
On February 10, 2013, the Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico. The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14.
On March 14, 2013, the Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, St. Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that the Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.
On the morning of March 15, 2013, the Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled the Legend's scheduled stop in Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, FL at a reduced speed of 19 knots (14 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).
See also 
- Carnival Air Lines
- Costa Crociere (subsidiary)
- Carnival Cruise Lines Tycoon
- Fiesta Marina Cruises - Short lived subsidiary of Carnival
19 knots = 21.8 MPH (Not as stated 14 MPH)
- Carnival Cruise Lines Fact Sheet. Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved 31 May 2010
- "2012 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2011-11-20.
- "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Map of the City of Doral." City of Doral. Retrieved on January 9, 2010
- Fincantieri signs a five ship, 2.6 billion dollar agreement with Carnival Group. Press Release. Fincantiei. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2010
- "New 128,000-ton Cruise Ship Ordered for Carnival Corporation & plc's Carnival Cruise Line Unit". Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- Carnival Cruise Lines' new 128,000-ton ship to be named Carnival Breeze. Cruise Industry News. 10 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010
- "Carnival...". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Carnival Cruise Lines Expands West Coast Short Cruise Program - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Jaquetta White, The Times-Picayune. "Carnival Cruise Lines will bring newly refurbished vessel to New Orleans". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Helen Anders (2013-04-23). "Carnival Triumph to cruise again in June after repairs, upgrades". Seattle Times (online).
- with Gene Sloan (2012-02-09). "Carnival Cruise Lines to expand capacity in New York - USATODAY.com". Travel.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2012-03-05.
- March 6, 2012 (2012-03-06). "Carnival Destiny transforms to Carnival Sunshine, biggest refurb yet". Cruise Radio. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Carnival Cruise Lines - News Release
- $236 Million Cruise Ship Deal Criticized — Washington Post, September 28, 2005
- "No newbuildings for Carnival's US brands at current dollar-euro rate - Arison". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 2008-04-04. Retrieved 2008-04-03.[dead link]
- Danielson, Richard (February 23, 2000). "Cruise captain feared panic". St. Petersburg Times.
- "Rescue Under Way for Disabled Carnival Splendor". CBS News. November 10, 2010.
- Martin, Hugo (February 12, 2013). "Carnival Triumph cruise ship adrift; long lines for toilets, food". Los Angeles Times.
- "Feces, water reported on floor of disabled Carnival cruise ship in Gulf of Mexico". Fox News. February 12, 2013.
- Hennessy-Fiske, Molly. "Carnival Triumph, crippled cruise ship, finally reaches port". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Lateef Mungin (15 March 2013). "Carnival nightmare: Another cruise ship reports trouble at sea". CNN. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (March 15, 2013). "Coast Guard Investigating Carnival Legend". Los Angeles Times.
- Carpenter, Jake et al (March 17, 2013). "Carnival Legend back in Florida after week of troubled cruise voyages". CNN.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Carnival Cruise Lines|
- Carnival Cruise Lines website
- Cruise Critic review
- Carnival Cruise Lines fleet location in Google Maps