Carnival Triumph at Half Moon Cay.
|Owner:||Carnival Corporation & plc|
|Operator:||Carnival Cruise Lines|
|Port of registry:||Bahamas, Nassau|
|Launched:||July 1, 1999|
|In service:||October 1999 – February 14, 2013, June 13, 2013 – present|
|Out of service:||February 14, 2013 - June 13, 2013|
|Identification:||Call sign: C6FN5
IMO number: 9138850
MMSI number: 308045000
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Destiny/Triumph-class cruise ship|
|Length:||893 ft 4 in (272.3 m)|
|Beam:||116 ft 6 in (35.5 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 3 in (8.3 m)|
|Installed power:||2 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 12ZAV40S
4 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 16ZAV40S
|Propulsion:||Diesel-electric; two shafts (2 × 17.6 MW)
Two controllable pitch propellers
Six maneuvering thrusters
|Speed:||22.5 knots (41.7 km/h; 25.9 mph) (max)|
Carnival Triumph is a post-Panamax Destiny/Triumph-class cruise ship operated by Carnival Cruise Lines in the Caribbean, entering service in 1999. It came to media attention in 2013 when an engine room fire stranded the ship at sea for several days with a loss of power that crippled not only the ship's propulsion, but also support systems.
Carnival Triumph is 893 feet 4 inches (272.3 m) long and has a beam of 116 feet 6 inches (35.5 m). Fully laden, she draws 27 feet 3 inches (8.3 m) of water. The vessel's gross tonnage, which is a measure of volume and not of weight, is 101,509.
Carnival Triumph has a "Great Cities of the World" theme. Her amenities include the Paris Dining Room, the London Dining Room, the Rome Lounge, Club Rio featuring music, and a workout center and the Spa Carnival. She is structurally identical to her sister ship, Carnival Victory, and differs from her class's namesake, Carnival Destiny, by the addition of extra balcony cabins on the lido deck and various changes to placement and shapes of her public areas.
The ship has one of the first seagoing mobile phone systems, called "Cellular at Sea", provided by WMS (Wireless Maritime Services), a joint venture of AT&T and MTN (Maritime Telecommunications Network). It allows guests to use their personal cell phones to make calls directly from the ship at any time, albeit at extra cost.
Like most modern cruise ships, Carnival Triumph has a diesel-electric propulsion system in which the main generators provide electricity for all shipboard consumers from propulsion motors to hotel systems such as air conditioning and lighting. Her power plant consists of six diesel generating sets, four 16-cylinder Wärtsilä-Sulzer 16ZAV40S and two 12-cylinder 12ZAV40S medium-speed diesel engines. Her two 17.6-megawatt electric propulsion motors and controllable pitch propellers give the ship a maximum speed of 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h; 25.9 mph) and a service speed of about 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). For maneuvering at ports, Carnival Triumph has six transverse thrusters. She was completed and entered service in 1999.
Ports of call
Carnival Triumph sails four and five-day voyages from Galveston, Texas, to the western Caribbean. She relocated from her former home port in New Orleans, Louisiana, following a period of dry dock.
Incidents and accidents
2012 seizure in Galveston
On March 29, 2012 a judge ordered the ship to be held in Galveston. The move came as part of a $10 million lawsuit filed in federal court in Galveston by relatives of a German tourist who died in the Costa Concordia disaster. Reports say that the warrant ordering the ship held in port states that "the court finds that the conditions for an attachment of defendants' joint and collective property within this district, mainly the MS Carnival Triumph, appear to exist upon an admiralty and maritime claim." Carnival Triumph was allowed to unload passengers and cargo and move between berths until a hearing could be scheduled.
2013 engine room fire
On Sunday, February 10, 2013 at 5:30 a.m. CST, the ship suffered a fire in the aft engine room. Although the fire was automatically extinguished and there were no injuries to passengers or crew, it resulted in a loss of power and propulsion. While the emergency generator was providing some power, the ship was left adrift about 150 miles off the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. Carnival Triumph was originally expected to be towed to the Mexican port of Progreso. However, after being carried north by currents while awaiting arrival of large, seagoing tugboats, she was expected to dock in Mobile, Alabama, instead. This was the fourth engine room fire on a Carnival-owned ship resulting in a loss of power, including Tropicale in 1999, Carnival Splendor in 2010, and Costa Allegra, owned by a Carnival subsidiary, in 2012.
By February 11, 2013, her emergency electrical generators allowed partial restoration of some shipboard functions. During the night of February 10, supplies were transferred from Carnival Elation. Carnival Legend was en route from Tampa and arrived on the scene around 3 p.m. on the afternoon of February 11 to complete a transfer of food and water and to take on a patient in need of dialysis for transport to Cozumel. Carnival Conquest en route to Montego Bay, Jamaica from New Orleans stopped and delivered food and supplies during the afternoon and early evening on February 11, 2013.
Sailings through April 13 were canceled, after which Carnival announced the first phase of a fleetwide review, to include installation of back-up generator systems on the line's ships. To allow time for the generators to be installed aboard the Carnival Triumph, ten more voyages were cancelled, through June 3. On the afternoon of February 13, two seagoing tugboats were towing the ship, with a third tugboat expected to arrive that evening. The goal was to reach port in Mobile by early afternoon on February 14, but strong winds delayed the expected arrival. Eventually, four tugboats were towing the ship, with a fifth on standby. After a tow line broke, arrival was delayed still further. The ship finally docked by 9:20 p.m.
An incident investigation was then started by the Bahamas Maritime Authority, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the National Transportation Safety Board. The Bahamas Maritime Authority was the lead investigative agency, because Carnival Triumph is a Bahamian-flagged ship. Initial reports from investigators on February 18 indicated the fire was caused by a leak in a flexible fuel oil return line from the No. 6 diesel engine, allowing fuel to spill onto a hot surface and ignite.
Two weeks prior to the engine room fire, Carnival Triumph experienced propulsion issues that caused it to be five hours late returning to its Galveston home port on January 28, 2013, delayed the ship's departure for its next cruise from 2:30 p.m. until 8 p.m. that night, and resulted in the elimination of a scheduled stop in Cozumel because of the ship's diminished cruising speed. While in port, a Port State Control (PSC) vessel inspection by the Texas City, Texas, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Unit was conducted, resulting in a finding that there was "a short in the high voltage connection box of one of the ships [sic] generators causing damage to cables within the connection box", a deficiency under 50AC SOLAS 2009 Ch 1 Reg 11. A directive with a compliance due date of February 27, 2013 was issued following the inspection, requiring that "the condition of the ship and its equipment shall be maintained to conform with the regulations to ensure that the ship in all respects will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board." The Coast Guard Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System showed that this deficiency remained unresolved at the time of the subsequent fire and loss of power while at sea on February 10.
2013 mooring accident in Mobile, Alabama
On April 3, 2013, while Carnival Triumph was docked in Mobile, Alabama for repairs following the February 10 fire, strong winds caused the ship to break free from her moorings and strike a moored United States Army Corps of Engineers vessel, the Dredge Wheeler, sustaining a 20 ft (6.1 m) gash and railing damage on her stern above the water line before coming to rest against a cargo ship. The U.S. Coast Guard and tug boats responded on the scene. Two workers were in a guard shack on a 65-foot section of dock that also collapsed during the high winds. One was rescued from the water and hospitalized, but the other was recovered dead nine days later. Repairs for the ship were then delayed by ten days, causing cancellation of two more cruises before the ship service on June 13, 2013.
Carnival Triumph on the Hudson River.
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