Carnobacterium is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria within the family Leuconostocaceae. C. divergens and C. maltaromaticum are found in the wild and in food products and can grow anaerobically. These species are not known to be pathogenic in humans but may cause disease in fish.
A species of Carnobacterium, Carnobacterium maltaromaticum strain CB1 has been evaluated under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 as a food additive for vacuum or modified atmosphere-packaged ready to eat meat and fresh comminuted, processed meat. Based on the hazard and exposure considerations, the risk assessment conducted by Health Canada concluded that C. maltaromaticum strain CB1 is not considered to be toxic to the Canadian environment or human health as described in Section 64 of CEPA 1999.
- Leisner, JJ; Laursen, BG, Prévost, H, Drider, D, Dalgaard, P (September 2007). "Carnobacterium: positive and negative effects in the environment and in foods.". FEMS Microbiology Reviews 31 (5): 592–613. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00080.x. PMC 2040187. PMID 17696886.
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