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Carnot is the name of a celebrated French family in politics and science with the following members:
- Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (1753–1823), French mathematician and politician of the French Revolution
- Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796–1832), one of the pioneers of thermodynamics, mathematician and eldest son of Lazare.
- Hippolyte Carnot (1801–1888), politician and second son of Lazare.
- Marie François Sadi Carnot (1837–1894), son of Hippolyte, President of France, 1887–1894.
- Marie Adolphe Carnot (1839–1920), son of Hippolyte, mining engineer and chemist.
- Paul Carnot (1869–1957), physician
A number of lycées, streets etc. are named after this family throughout France.
- Carnot Posey, an American lawyer and Confederate States Army general
- Carnot, Central African Republic, a city in the Central African Republic
- Carnot-Moon, Pennsylvania, USA
- Carnot, Wisconsin, USA
It may also refer to:
- Carnot heat engine, the idealised thermodynamic engine based on the Carnot cycle, as studied by Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot.
- Carnotite, a mineral
- Carnot (crater), a crater on the far side of the moon.
- Carnot's rule, an early formulation of the second law of thermodynamics.
- Carnot's theorem in geometry.
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