Carol Bellamy

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Carol Bellamy (born January 14, 1942) has been Director of the Peace Corps, Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and President and CEO of World Learning. In April 2009, Bellamy was appointed as Chair of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Board of Governors.[1] Between 2010 and 2013, Carol Bellamy was the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Global Partnership for Education. On February 18, 2011, Bellamy was named Chair of the Alliance for Ethical International Recruitment Practices, a non-profit organization that aims to ensure that recruitment of foreign-educated health professionals to the United States is ethical, responsible, and transparent.[2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Bellamy was born and raised in Scotch Plains, New Jersey, where she graduated from Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School in 1959.[4][5] She attended Gettysburg College, where she was a member of Delta Gamma, and graduated in 1963. She earned her law degree from New York University School of Law in 1968. She was a Peace Corps volunteer in Guatemala from 1963 to 1965.

Business career[edit]

Bellamy was a managing director at the now defunct Bear Stearns from 1990 to 1993, a Principal at Morgan Stanley from 1986 to 1990, and an associate in the New York law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore from 1968 to 1971. In 1968, she was to be one of the subjects of Jean-Luc Godard's film One A.M. (later released as One P.M. by D. A. Pennebaker) where she described her philosophy of using business to accomplish social change. Her speech was then 00satirized by Rip Torn wearing a US Civil War uniform in front of a Brooklyn middle school class.

Political career[edit]

Bellamy was elected to the New York State Senate in 1972, representing a Brooklyn district. In 1977, she was elected the first female president of the New York City Council, a position she held until her unsuccessful bid for Mayor of New York in 1985. In 1982 she considered running for Governor of New York. In 1990 she was an unsuccessful candidate for New York State Comptroller. In 2005 she was appointed to the New York State Board of Regents, which oversees all state education activities and the state Department of Education.

From 1993 to 1995, Bellamy was the director of the Peace Corps. Appointed by President Bill Clinton, she was the first person to have been both a Peace Corps Volunteer and director.

UNICEF[edit]

From 1995 to 2005, Bellamy completed ten years as Executive Director of UNICEF. She was appointed to that position in 1995 by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, then the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Bellamy was granted a second five-year term in 2000 by Boutros-Ghali's successor, Kofi Annan. UN policy states that agency heads may serve no more than two five-year terms.[citation needed]

Though Bellamy's tenure was tumultuous, she is credited with having left behind a fiscally sound organization with strong[citation needed] internal controls. She doubled UNICEF's resources from roughly $800 million in 1994 to more than $1.8 billion in 2004. She was succeeded as UNICEF Executive Director by Ann M. Veneman.

NGOs[edit]

Bellamy was appointed the President and CEO of the Brattleboro, Vermont-based World Learning and president of its School for International Training in 2005. World Learning is a global organization with operations in more than 75 countries that fosters global citizenship through experiential education and community-driven development programs. Organizations that fund World Learning include the Tides Foundation and Rockefeller Financial Services.[6]

On July 25, 2007, Bellamy was elected Chair of the board of directors of the Fair Labor Association (FLA). The FLA advocates for workers' interests by promoting international labor standards. "For eight years the FLA has been strengthening its capacity to work with companies, factories, civil society organizations and others to end sweatshop labor and protect workers' rights. It is now moving beyond its rigorous monitoring program to focus greater attention on identifying the root causes of these problems and to develop sustainable compliance programs," said Bellamy in accepting the position.[citation needed]

International Baccalaureate[edit]

In April 2009, Bellamy replaced Monique Seefried as the Chair of the International Baccalaureate's Board of Governors. She delivered a keynote speech at IB's Peterson Lectures on "The Serious Business of Children".[7]

Honors[edit]

Bellamy is a former Fellow of the Harvard Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and an honorary member of Pi Alpha Alpha. At its 1982 commencement ceremonies, Barnard College awarded Bellamy the college's highest honor, the Medal of Distinction.

Bellamy received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Bates College in 2003. She returned to her alma mater, the NYU School of Law, to deliver a commencement day speech in May 2006.

In Japan, she was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun in 2006.[8]

Quotes[edit]

"In a global economy worth over $30 trillion, it is clear that the necessary resources and know-how to reach every child are well within our grasp", Bellamy told a gathering in Stockholm in 2002.

1990 New York State Democratic Ticket[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carol Bellamy". ibo.org. Retrieved July 19, 2009. 
  2. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/prweb/20110218/bs_prweb/prweb5071244_2
  3. ^ http://www.fairinternationalrecruitment.org/index.php/newsroom/news_stories/alliance_elects_carol_bellamy_chair_of_its_board_of_directors/
  4. ^ Klein, Joe. "The Woman Who Would Be Mayor", New York (magazine), March 8, 1982. Accessed August 10, 2011. "She grew up in a Protestant, Republican, working-class family in Scotch Plains, New Jersey. Her parents worked – her mother as a nurse, her father for the phone company."
  5. ^ Thompson, Clifford. "Carol Bellamy", Current Biography Yearbook, p. 53. H. W. Wilson Company, 1999. ISBN 0-8242-0988-5. Accessed August 10, 2011. "Bellamy acted in student productions of musicals at Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School, from which she graduated in 1959."
  6. ^ "STAR Network Funders". worldlearning.org. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Carol Bellamy". ibo.org. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko. "Former UNICEF Executive Director receives humanitarian award in Japan," UNICEF web site (2006)]

External links[edit]

New York State Senate
Preceded by
John Marchi
New York State Senate, 23rd District
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Vander Beatty
Preceded by
Paul Bookson
New York State Senate, 25th District
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Martin Connor
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul O'Dwyer
President of the New York City Council
1978–1985
Succeeded by
Andrew Stein
Government offices
Preceded by
Elaine Chao
Director of the Peace Corps
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Mark Gearan
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mary Codd
Liberal Party Nominee for Mayor of New York City
1985
Succeeded by
Rudolph W. Giuliani
Preceded by
Herman Badillo
Democratic Nominee for New York State Comptroller
1990
Succeeded by
Carl McCall
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
James P. Grant
Executive Director of UNICEF
1995–2005
Succeeded by
Ann M. Veneman