Art by Ivan Reis
|First appearance||as Carol Ferris: Showcase #22 (Sep-Oct 1959)
as Star Sapphire: Green Lantern v2 #16 (Oct 1962)
|Created by||John Broome
|Alter ego||Carol Ferris|
|Team affiliations||New Guardians
|Notable aliases||Star Sapphire, Predator|
|Abilities||(As Star Sapphire) Flight, Repelling Ray, Mind Over Matter (similar to a Green Lantern power ring)|
Caroline "Carol" Ferris is a character in the DC Comics Universe. She is one of many characters who has used the name Star Sapphire, and is a long-time love interest of Hal Jordan, the Silver Age Green Lantern. In her role as Star Sapphire, Ferris has been active as both a supervillain and, more recently, as a superhero. Her original design was based on Elizabeth Taylor. In the 2011 feature film Green Lantern, actress Blake Lively plays the role of Ferris. Carol Ferris was ranked 36th in Comics Buyer's Guide's "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" list.
- 1 Fictional character biography
- 2 Powers and abilities
- 3 Other versions
- 4 In other media
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Fictional character biography
As Ferris Aircraft's Vice President, Carol Ferris, the only child of aerospace mogul Carl Ferris and his wife Christine, hired Hal Jordan and quickly found herself attracted to the fearless test pilot, who was secretly the superhero Green Lantern. However, the young couple’s romance quickly became complicated when Carol took over the company from her father and the Zamarons crowned her the new Star Sapphire. When the Zamarons discovered that she was in love with Green Lantern, a servant of their estranged friends, the Guardians of the Universe, they sent her to defeat Green Lantern in battle as Star Sapphire.
Over the years, Star Sapphire and Green Lantern would duel again and again, but each time Jordan would defeat Ferris and revert her to normal. Jordan and Ferris separate when Carol is engaged to Jason Belmore; later she is confined to a wheelchair. It was during this time that Carol found out that Hal Jordan is Green Lantern.
The Green Lantern: Secret Origin storyline revised parts of Carol and Hal's history. In this retelling, the two first met when they were eight, as they watched Hal's father, Carl Ferris' best friend, experience mechanical problems with his plane. With a choice between crash landing in Coast City, or the nearby desert, Hal's father chose to fly into the desert. Over the years, the guilt over what had happened ate away at Carol's father, eventually driving him to sickness, forcing Carol to give up her dream of being a pilot, and take over as CEO of Ferris Air. Unwilling to have people know of her father's illness, Carol told them that he had retired to Miami. When Hal, who had hated Ferris for what had happened, discovered the truth, he and Carol found solace in each other's grief. However, their relationship is stifled by Carol's refusal to date employees.
When Carol Ferris was cured of her evil Star Sapphire persona, she developed a third subconscious identity, the male "Predator". Deprived of Hal Jordan's love at the time, Carol found everything she wanted from a man in the Predator - masculinity, strength, and care. Physically separated from Carol's body, the Predator repeatedly appeared as a mysterious figure, protecting Carol's beloved company Ferris Aircraft from the threats of Eclipso, the Demolition Team and Jason Bloch. He also established the company Intercontinental Petroleum (Con-Trol) to let her regain control of Ferris Aircraft. Finally, the Predator started to court Carol (who did not know that the Predator was a part of herself) and battled Hal Jordan for her love. Hal defeated the Predator and witnessed him merging with Carol into Star Sapphire.
Now fully evil, Carol took over ruling Zamaron but her reign was short; the Zamarons, following the Crisis of Infinite Earths, abandoned their queen and their homeworld to live in another dimension with their male counterparts, the Guardians of the Universe. Carol was furious and vowed revenge on Hal and the Green Lantern Corps. After several battles, Carol found her chance to hurt her ex-lover and murdered Katma Tui, whose power ring had been rendered inert following the destruction of the main Power Battery on Oa. Hal kept John Stewart (Katma's husband) from killing Carol, straining their friendship in the process.
In the third Green Lantern series, the nature of the Predator entity was retconned as being a parasite creature from the planet Maltus and that the entity had corrupted Carol and was responsible for making her murder Katma. The Green Lantern Corps purged Carol of the entity, saving her life in the process. But her time under the creature's control, along with destruction of Coast City, and the discovery that her father had faked her mother's death (putting her into a mental institution, which she escaped from after Coast City was destroyed), caused Carol to reject a distraught Hal Jordan. Instead, Carol opted to stay with her mother and find her own path.
However, Carol would not be gone from the world of super-heroism for long. She became the administrator of Extreme Justice's Mount Thunder facility. Her time with the team came with the revelation that she was pregnant, despite not having sex and the realization that the child was the unborn life essence of the child conceived when the Predator entity raped the first Star Sapphire. Furthermore, it was revealed that Star Sapphire was not Carol transformed as had previously been believed, but some sort of energy-based being who inhabited Carol's body. Shortly after giving birth to their child, Neron appeared and offered to purge her of these two entities. Carol agreed, and then watched as the now separate entities (Predator and Star Sapphire) were killed by Neron, who departed with their baby in his arms. (Extreme Justice #10-11)
Ultimately though, the events of Infinite Crisis effectively wiped out the above mention stories. Blackest Night #1 established that in an untold story, Carol became free of the Star Sapphire persona sometime before Katma Tui's death. However, the Sapphire had found a new, unnamed host, and that it was this new Star Sapphire that murdered Katma Tui. Furthermore, much of the Predator's backstory was changed as "the Predator" was re-introduced as one of the manifestations in the emotional spectrum; the living embodiment of love. The entity was held by the Zamarons on their home world until freed during Sinestro's liberation of his yellow lanterns during Blackest Night.
End of Star Sapphire
In Green Lantern (vol. 3) #119, Hal (as the Spectre) decides to visit Carol. He makes himself visible and tells Carol he is going to help her, but that she will not remember his visit. He reaches into Carol and pulls out the Star Sapphire gem, which causes Star Sapphire herself to re-emerge (it appeared she was previously killed by Neron, but somehow a part of her survived in Carol). The Spectre detains Star Sapphire and puts her back into the gem. He hands the gem to Carol and lets her finish the job, which she does (essentially finally killing the Star Sapphire persona that would take control of her), and starts feeling much better.
In Green Lantern: Rebirth #6, Hal and Carol finally come to terms with their relationship. In Northern California at Ferris Aircraft, Carol Ferris is reminiscing over her former life when a mysterious power revitalises and reforms the abandoned, condemned fields. Hal Jordan, using his powers as the Spectre, appears. She asks Hal whether he remembers anything from when he was the Spectre. Hal says he remembers it as if he were watching it from the outside. How Spectre thinks, and who he talked to beyond this life, Hal cannot recall. Hal apologizes for everything Carol had to go through. Carol says she survived and that she is not going to sell the airbase. She says that if Hal can rebuild his life, so can she and that she has going to do so with her husband, Gil. Carol says that she can use a good pilot. Hal says that he appreciates the offer, but he has other plans.
The Star Sapphire crystal briefly possesses Carol, before detecting that Hal Jordan had feelings for his fellow pilot, Jillian "Cowgirl" Pearlman, and leaves Carol's body. She and Hal work together to free Cowgirl from the crystal. Knowing that she still loves Hal and that it is not fair to her husband, she files for divorce.
The Star Sapphires, sensing the heartache Carol has been carrying over Hal, (Hal quit because he could not be near her without wanting to be with her and Carol does not date employees) send a violet power ring to her, transforming her into one of their number. She is seen wearing her original Star Sapphire costume, reciting the Corps' oath along with various other members of the Star Sapphires.
The Blackest Night: Tales of the Corps miniseries sheds light on the exchange between Carol and the violet ring sent to her. The ring reveals that all those chosen to wield the violet light must accept it willingly (this appears to overcome the controlling aspect of the violet light). The ring tells Carol that she has a hole in her heart but Carol continues to deny it. The ring tells Carol that she has continually put aside her own happiness for the benefit of others. Because she is capable of doing this Carol could become the most powerful Star Sapphire in the universe and that the Zamarons recognized this and sent her the ring with the intention of having Carol led the entire Star Sapphire army into battle alongside the Green Lantern Corps. Carol still refuses to accept the ring but the ring shows her a vision of the War of Light and indicates that Hal Jordan will not survive, and tells her that by accepting the ring she can save him. Still having feelings for Hal, Carol accepts and is called back to Zamaron by Queen Aga'po where Carol's army awaits to defend the planet from the approaching Sinestro Corps.
In her first battle Carol questions why she is here in the first place. Then she takes on Sinestro who says that he has never held ill will toward Carol and wonders why she is doing this for a man who has never truly given his heart toward her. The two engage in a fight and are equally matched until Carol attempts to encase him in one of the brainwashing crystals that the Zamarons use to "recruit" new followers. Sinestro lashes out after witnessing a vision of Arin Sur, his former love, blasting Carrol across the battlefield where she was subdued by two other Yellow lanterns and Sinestro himself. However before he could capitalise on the advantage, the Black Lanterns invade, led by Amon Sur, shocking both Carol and Sinestro. The two are rescued from certain death by Hal and the Indigo Tribe. The group escapes Zamaron moments before Black Lantern rings reanimated the bodies of the two beings whose love fueled the Star Sapphire's central power battery, devastating the planet in the process. For some reason, the loss of the Star Sapphire's power source did not seem to affect Carol's powers. It was revealed that the Queen was powering the violet rings in the absence of the central power battery, this however was causing her to age.
After a foiled attempt to combine the light of her Power Ring with the six lights coming from the other Corps-Leaders makes Nekron able to possess resurrected heroes, Ganthet forces a secret protocol in her ring, forcing Carol to seek for a deputy. Eventually, she deputizes Wonder Woman as a temporary Star Sapphire, due to her great ability to feel love, thus undoing Nekron's control on the Amazon. The Lanterns are then attacked by the Black Lantern Spectre. In an attempt to stop the Spectre, Hal releases Parallax's essence, deciding to join with him again to fight back. Carol tries to stop Hal, but he refuses to be swayed. Carol kisses Hal, telling him "I love you", before Hal allows Parallax to possess him. In the epilogue of Blackest Night, Carol wants to talk to Hal about their relationship, but Sinestro comes along and interrupts their talk to serve his own goals. She is in Las Vegas where she takes on the Predator who has possessed a man who is infatuated with a young woman to the point of obsession. She frees him from the Predator by kissing him. After that Carol and Hal are taken to Zamaron. The Queen gives her life to sustain the Central Power Battery and gives her title to Carol Ferris.
Later, Queen Khea open a portal from Hawkworld to Zamaron. As she started an invason on Zamaron with her menhawks, they are approached by Carol and the Predator. Carol battles the Hawk family Hawkman and Hawkgirl to a standstill while trying not to destroy the universe. She is saved by Hawkman and Hawkgirl. She then tells Hawkman the reason is because they have a great love. A greater love then she and Hal Jordan could ever have. Afterward Carol arrives, tells Hal and the others what happened on Hawkworld. Carol and the other leaders of the color corps besides Hal, are sucked into the Black Book, although Hal is able to escape with her ring, Guy Gardner later using Carol's ring along with Atrocitus's Red Lantern ring in order to remove Parallax from the Central Power Battery. Hal and Kyle Rayner get her and the rest of those stuck in the Black Book out of there. After Krona is killed by Hal, she reclaims the violet ring of the Zamerons. When Hal is stripped of his ring, she returns with him to Earth.
Carol later removes the Star Sapphire ring and bails Hal Jordan out of jail after he saw a woman being attacked on a film shoot thinks it's real. Carol offers Hal a job at Ferris Aircraft but not as a pilot because of insurance issues. Hal asks her out to dinner and Carol thinks he is going to propose. When he does not she walks out on him and drives away leaving him with no ride. Later, Carol is shocked on the TV news and find Hal was working with Sinestro. After Hal returns to Earth, he asks Carol to take him back after telling her she is the one person he thought of when he thought he was going to die. Carol accepts Hal's apology and they renew their relationship.
When Sinestro forces Hal to assist him by threatening to kill Carol, she dons the Star Sapphire ring so that she can eventually help Hal, but Hal and Sinestro are confronted by the Indigo Tribe, who take both of them and teleports away.
When Kyle Rayner comes to Ferris Aircraft looking for Hal, he and Carol witness Hal and Sinestro fighting Black Hand, prompting Carol to re-don her Star Sapphire ring to help Kyle fight off Black Hand's Black Lanterns. However, when they arrive at the scene of the fight they discover nothing but more 'conventional' zombies, and are informed that Hal and Sinestro are apparently dead. However, Carol rejects the idea that Hal is dead as the link between her heart and his which she can sense via her ring is still intact, with her ring's visions informing her that Kyle must unite the powers of all seven Corps in himself to stop this latest threat.
When the First Lantern is freed, he begins to drain off all the Lantern Corps of their emotions, minds, and memories, with the intention of seeing how their life choices had changed them. In the illusions of Carol, she is battling the Atlantean warship on the carrier, but she eventually regains her Star Sapphire ring and escapes from the First Lantern's influencing powers. Carol locates Kyle and helps him after he is attacked by the First Lantern.
After getting a lock on Sinestro's location, Carol and Kyle arrive at the planet Korugar's ruins, where Sinestro attacks them both, blaming them for his home's destruction by the First Lantern. When Carol demands to know where Hal is, Sinestro states that Hal is dead, but Carol refuses to believe him and attacks. While they attack Sinestro, Green Lanterns Simon Baz and B'dg arrive and subdue Sinestro. Simon (who met Hal) tells Carol that Hal is alive, but trapped in the Dead Zone. In the final battle, Carol and the reserve Lantern Corps attack the First Lantern. When the First Lantern is finally destroyed, Carol reunites with Hal after he escapes the Dead Zone.
Powers and abilities
Carol is a capable pilot and administrator. As Star Sapphire, she can use her gem of power to fly and to hurl blasts of force nearly equal to the power of Green Lantern's ring. Moreover, the Sapphire bestows upon her a certain amount of invulnerability and allows her to survive in airless space. During the most recent battle with Star Sapphire, Carol was temporarily empowered by Hal's ring, granting her strength and a certain degree of invulnerability. During this, Carol was clad in a version of her Sapphire uniform, but with Green Lantern design. These powers were provided by exposure to Hal's power ring and were temporary. Carol now wields a violet power ring as a member of the Star Sapphires, which replicates her original powers as Star Sapphire to a degree as well. Despite being helplessly overwhelmed before, Carol's previous exposures to the Star Sapphire's power are assumed to have given her a certain tolerance to the violet ring's current influence. Carol Ferris also possesses super strength, super speed, and durability by the star sapphire ring. Due to her being the queen of the Star Sapphires that make her the strongest Star Sapphire in the Universe.
Book of Oa
In the distant future, the Book of Oa shows that Carol will eventually marry Hal and their son would be named Martin Jordan after Hal's father.
DC: The New Frontier
JLA: The Nail
In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Carol Ferris, with Hal Jordan, was on a F-22 Raptor entering Western Europe territory before the Shark attacks. Hal forces the Shark to crash his jet into Carol's jet, and both of them barely escape using the ejection system. Upon their return to America, Carol thinks Hal is not living up to his potential. Later, Amazon Invisible planes invade over Coast City and Hal and Carol manage to shoot down the invisible planes and the Hydra they dropped on the city. Afterward, Carol is angry at Hal for taking a mission for the US government. Carol insists on joining him in the dropping of the Green Arrow Industries nuclear missile. Hal refuses; however, she goes anyway. During the battles, Carol sees Hal drop the missile through New Themyscira's invisible shield but he is killed in the process. Afterwards, Carol return to Coast City, where Thomas Kalmaku gives her a note saying that Hal was too afraid to say that he had always loved her. Carol sees the engagement ring that he was going to propose to her with.
In other media
- Star Sapphire appears in the cartoon series Justice League voiced by Olivia d'Abo. While her identity is never stated, the show's creators have confirmed that she's indeed Carol Ferris. While the character is depicted as an American in the comic books, Olivia d'Abo's native English accent is heard for this Star Sapphire. Her power come from her mask's stone which gives her Green Lantern-like abilities that enable her to form shields, create energy constructs, fire power blasts, create a full-body field that enables her to fly, and travel through deep space. In the episode "Injustice For All", Star Sapphire is invited to join Lex Luthor's Injustice Gang to plot the destruction of the Justice League. She is initially repelled by the idea of working with "common criminals" but seems to warm to the amount of money that Luthor promises each of them (something that keeps her from quitting after their initial plan fails). In the Injustice Gang's final battle with the Justice League, she is defeated by Green Lantern (John Stewart). In the episode "Fury", Star Sapphire is later recruited to the second Injustice Gang led by Aresia to destroy the men of the world. When Aresia reveals the group's agenda, she joins enthusiastically. While aligned with this team, she successfully tricks Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl into believing that she still wants to live in a world with men, luring them into a trap that subdues both them and Hippolyta. Later on, she and Aresia flee with Hippolyta aboard Aresia's plane. Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl pursue them, and she is knocked out of the fight when Wonder Woman wrenches one of the plane's laser cannons free from its housing and hurls it at her from behind; plunging her into the sea. In the episode "Hereafter", Star Sapphire joins in the mayhem that reigns in Metropolis shortly after Superman's supposed death at the Superman Revenge Squad's hands but is again defeated by Green Lantern (John Stewart).
- Star Sapphire makes several non-voiced appearances in the final episodes of Justice League Unlimited. She joins Grodd's Secret Society. During the mutiny led by Grodd, she sides with Luthor, and thus is among the survivors who arrive on Earth in time to warn of Darkseid's impending invasion. She joins the rest of the Secret Society and the Justice League in fighting off the forces of Apokolips, and is depicted fighting parademons over the Great Wall of China beside Wonder Woman, Shining Knight, and Vigilante. During the battle, she is struck unconscious by a beam from an Apokoliptan cannon, but is saved from falling to her death by Shining Knight. She is last seen fleeing the Metro Tower along with the other surviving members of the Secret Society.
- Carol Ferris/Star Sapphire appears as a central character in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Scorn of the Star Sapphire" with Carol Ferris voiced by Rachel Quaintance while Star Sapphire is voiced by Vicki Lewis. Although she appears in both her human and Star Sapphire forms, she is unaware of her transformations. Carol is transformed into the Sapphire after the Zamarons abduct and implant their queen's spirit within her and bestow a violet power ring upon her. Whenever Carol places the ring on her finger, she loses control of her body when she transforms into the Star Sapphire with her power being fueled by Carol's recent frustration with her lover Hal Jordan's erratic behavior. Star Sapphire ultimately attempts to open a portal that allows an army of Zamarons to invade Earth but the invasion is repelled by Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) and Batman. After the Zamarons are sent back to their homeworld, Carol eventually regains control and casts the Star Sapphire out of her body while apparently losing all of her memories of her time under the ring's influence.
- Carol Ferris appears in Green Lantern: The Animated Series voiced by Jennifer Hale. In the episode "In Love and War", the Star Sapphires give her a ring and bring her to Zamaron. There she discovers that Hal Jordan is Green Lantern. Carol is furious when she believes he is with another girl while she thought he was dead and attacks him. In the end, Hal gets through to her and she relinquishes the ring and its power (another Sapphire states she is the first to do so). The Zamarons allow her to go home and she reluctantly parts from Hal after telling him to do what he needs to do and come back to her. They are briefly reunited in the episode "Homecoming", when the Star Sapphires have managed to send Hal to her (as a shortcut to Oa). He is amnesiac at first; once she restores his memory, he goes to Oa. The episode ends with her looking at him returning in the sky. In the next episode, she decides to end their relationship due to the difficulties caused by his duties. In the episode "Love is a Battlefield", she had to fight Atrocitus to prove love is a great emotion. At the end of the episode, she renews her relationship with Hal. In addition, she decides to keep the ring this time just in case.
- Carol Ferris appears in the Young Justice: Invasion episode "Depths" voiced by Kari Wahlgren. She oversees the launch of a satellite designed by Ferris Aircraft to open up relations between Earth and Mars. The shuttle is destroyed by Black Manta after Aqualad led a failed attempt to stop it from launching.
- Carol Ferris herself does not appear in the Arrow episode "Darkness at the Edge of Town". However, during a flashback, the civilian aircraft is from Ferris Airline, which is owned by the Ferris Family.
- Carol Ferris appears in the animated DVD film Justice League: The New Frontier voiced by Brooke Shields. In the film, she does not have any superpowers as she is not shown becoming Star Sapphire (although a Star Sapphire is shown in full costume at the end of the film during U.S. President John F. Kennedy's speech). She begins a romance with Hal Jordan right after he becomes one of her company's new pilots.
- Carol Ferris had an appearance in the Warner Premiere animated feature Green Lantern: First Flight voiced again by Olivia d'Abo. In the film, Carol is still Hal Jordan's employer but they are also having a relationship before Jordan becomes Green Lantern.
- Carol Ferris' Star Sapphire persona appear in Justice League: Doom voiced once again by Olivia d'Abo. She is chosen by Vandal Savage to join his Legion of Doom and kill Green Lantern. She lures Hal into a mine by taking the workers hostage using a group of radicals called the "Identity Brotherhood". Though Hal manages to rescue all the workers, Carol Ferris is killed by the leader of the radicals using a suicide bomb. As Hal mourns her dead body, the real Carol Ferris stands next to him, berating him for failing to save the woman and saying that he has only hurt her, drove Carol into becoming Star Sapphire (transforming into Star Sapphire as she is saying it). This convinces Hal to renounce his role as Green Lantern and drop his ring as he pines over the dead woman. Batman eventually arrives, explaining that Star Sapphire tried to break his will using an altered form of the Scarecrow's fear toxin, as fear is the ultimate enemy of will. Hal quickly retrieves his power ring, becoming the Green Lantern once more. She joins Savage in his ultimate goal of world domination. When the Justice League storm the Hall of Doom she faces Green Lantern once again. When Hal exclaims his anger over what Carol did to him, she coldly replies that Hal had broken her heart and that she will never stop trying to hurt him back. Despite capturing him, he manages to break free and knock Star Sapphire out, catching her before she hits the ground. Hal takes away Carol's Star Sapphire gem (which reverts her back to normal) and admits that he does keep hurting her. Interestingly, out of all the Legion members, Carol's is the only plan that does not appear intended to kill her target, instead meant to break Hal's will. She is also the last of the villains hired by Savage to be defeated.
- Carol Ferris is played by Blake Lively in the live-action film Green Lantern. In the movie, she is a childhood friend of both Hector Hammond and Hal Jordan. She is the Vice President of Ferris Aircraft and Hal's superior. She also displayed a history of romantic relationship with Hal. She is not only a capable jet fighter pilot (using the callsign "Sapphire", and having the Star Sapphire sign on her pilots helmet (an allusion to her becoming Star Sapphire), but also a savvy business executive who was able to save a vital manufacturing contract for the business of a prototype air drone after Jordan's reckless defeat of them during the test flight by successfully arguing that it was means of demonstrating the need for necessary improvements that her company can provide. Carol is attacked by Hector at the party where both Hammond and Carol's fathers were showcasing the new Ferris sentient plane model. Hal, as Green Lantern, saves her and when he appears in front of Carol the second time, she berates him for thinking that a small mask covering only his eyes and cheekbones would be able to hide who he was from her after they have known each other all their lives. When Hal doubts himself, she helps inspire Hal to accept his responsibility as a Green Lantern by informing him that, while he is not fearless, he has the ability to overcome fear. Hammond later abducts Carol with the intention of infecting her with a Parallax DNA sample to make her like him, but Hal manages to defeat Hammond just before Parallax arrives, Carol risking her life by using the A.I. planes to distract Parallax long enough for Hal to take his ring back from the now-deceased Hammond's corpse. After accepting his responsibility as Green Lantern, Hal and Carol kiss, Hal noting that, while his new 'job' will take him away a lot, he will always come back to her. Lively has commented that there is potential for Ferris to become Star Sapphire in any possible sequels, and that she would enjoy the chance to portray Star Sapphire.
- Carol Ferris/Star Sapphire appears in the Graphic Audio novel "Green Lantern Sleepers #3" where Carol and Hal have to save the universe.
- Carol Ferris is referenced in Injustice: Gods Among Us. Transported to a parallel universe, Hal Jordan searches for a Green Lantern power battery to recharge his ring, which is located in Carol's office.
- Carol appears in issue #11 of the Young Justice tie-in comic book series.
- An action figure of Carol Ferris (as Star Sapphire) was sold in a 3-pack with action figures of Black Hand and Green Lantern. She is classified as a villain.
- Mattel DC Universe Classics Green Lantern Classics wave 2 had a Star Sapphire Carol Ferris figure.
- Frankenhoff, Brent (2011). Comics Buyer's Guide Presents: 100 Sexiest Women in Comics. Krause Publications. p. 29. ISBN 1-4402-2988-0.
- Green Lantern vol. 2, #83 (May 1971), reprinted in Showcase Presents: Green Lantern #5
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #29 (March 2008)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #34 (August 2008)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #35 (October 2008)
- Beatty, Scott (2008), "Extreme Justice", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 117, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5, OCLC 213309017
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #43 (July 2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #18 (March 2007)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #19 (May 2007)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #20 (May 2007)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #38 (February 2009)
- Blackest Night: Tales of the Corps #2 (July 2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #45 (August 2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #46 (September 2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #57 (October 2010)
- Blackest Night #6 (December 2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #50 (January 2010)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #53 (April 2010)
- Green Lantern ,vol. 4, #57 (September 2010)
- Brightest Day #13 (November 2010)
- Brightest Day #17 (January 2011)
- Brightest Day #18 (January 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #63 (March 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #64 (March 2011)
- Green Lantern: Emerald Warriors #10 (May 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 4, #67 (July 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #1 (September 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #3 (November 2011)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #5 (January 2012)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #7 (March 2012)
- Green Lantern: New Guardians #0 (September 2012)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #17 (February 2013)
- Green Lantern: New Guardians #18 (March 2013)
- Green Lantern: New Guardians #19 (April 2013)
- Green Lantern vol. 5, #20 (May 2013)
- DC: The New Frontier #2
- Justice #6
- JLA: The Nail #3
- Flashpoint: Hal Jordan #1 (June 2011)
- Flashpoint: Hal Jordan #2 (July 2011)
- Flashpoint: Hal Jordan #3 (August 2011)
- "Star Sapphire". Jl.toonzone.net. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- Injustice For All. Justice League. 2002-01-06 and 2002-01-13. No. 8 and 9, season 1.
- Fury. Justice League. 2002-04-07 and 2002-04-14. No. 16 and 17, season 1.
- Hereafter. Justice League. 2003-11-29. No. 45 and 46, season 2.
- Destroyer. Justice League Unlimited. 2006-02-18 (UK), 2006-05-13(US). No. 39, season 2.
- "Blake Lively to return as Star Sapphire in Green Lantern Sequel". blog.zap2it.com. June 16, 2011.
- Kaufman, Amy (April 1, 2011). "'Green Lantern': Blake Lively loves the idea of Star Sapphire in sequel". herocomplex.latimes.com.
- Carol Ferris Profile
- Emerald Dawn.com: Star Sapphire Biography
- GL Corps.org: Star Sapphire Biography
- GL Freak: Star Sapphire Biography
- Star Sapphire Rapsheet
- The Unofficial Carol Ferris Biography
- The Unofficial Predator Biography
- The Unofficial Star Sapphire II (Carol Ferris) Biography