Carol Lambrino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prince Carol Mircea
HRH Prince Carol Mircea ASR Printul Carol Mircea al Romaniei.jpg
Spouse Helene Henriette Nagavitzine
Thelma Williams
Antonia Colville
Issue Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern
Alexander Hohenzollern
Full name
Mircea Grigore Carol Hohenzollern
Father Carol II of Romania
Mother Zizi Lambrino
Born (1920-08-08)8 August 1920
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
Died 27 January 2006(2006-01-27) (aged 85)
London, United Kingdom

Prince Mircea Grigore Carol Hohenzollern (8 August 1920 – 27 January 2006), also known as Prince Mircea Grigore Carol al României (anglicised as: of Romania) according to his amended Romanian birth certificate[1][2][3] or as Carol Lambrino according to his original Romanian birth certificate,[4] was the eldest son of King Carol II of Romania.

Early life[edit]

Prince Carol was born in Bucharest as son of Crown Prince Carol of Romania and his first wife, Zizi Lambrino. At the time of his birth he was registered with the name Mircea Grigore Carol Lambrino.[4] His grandfather King Ferdinand forced the annulment of his parents' marriage in January 1919 in the Supreme Court of Romania and Carol was born outside the 300-day period allowed to permit legitimacy, on 8 August 1920.[4] The legality of the annulment has been questioned.[4][5]

After his birth, Carol and his mother were forced to leave Romania and settled in Paris. During his younger years and his reign, including during his personal dictatorship (1938–1940) when he held absolute power in Romania, King Carol II recognized his first-born Carol Mircea as a prince on several occasions. One of these situations was a letter published on the front page by the Romanian daily newspaper "Epoca" (17 January 1920). Signed by Crown Prince Carol, the document is a statement in which the future king recognizes he is the father of Princess Ioana's baby.[6] More, the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen has always recognised them as princes of Hohenzollern (or the German style family name Prinz von Hohenzollern) as it becomes clear in correspondence between the late Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and the deposed King Carol II.

Legitimisation[edit]

After the death of his father, King Carol II, in Portugal, 4 April 1953, Carol claimed the right to inherit some of his father's estate in accordance with Portuguese law. In order to do so, it was necessary to prove that he was his father's legitimate son born of a legitimate marriage.

On April 2, 1955, a Portuguese court ruled that Carol was the legitimate first-born son of King Carol II and allowed him to claim the surname Hohenzollern in place of Lambrino. On 6 March 1957, the Portuguese ruling was recognised in France by an Exequatur of the Tribunal of the Grande Instance of Paris. This allowed Carol rights of inheritance to his father's French properties. Carol's younger half-brother Michael appealed this ruling which was upheld by the Court of Cassation, 8 January 1963.

In October 1995 a Romanian court ruled that Carol was the legitimate son of King Carol II.[7] His half-brother, Michael, appealed this ruling, but lost the case in an upper court of appeal in 1999. In March 2002, the Supreme Court of Romania ruled that there should be a retrial, and in July 2002 a lower court ruled again in Carol's favour. Michael again appealed, and in January 2003 he again lost the appeal.[8] Michael again appealed in December 2003, and is currently awaiting the result of the appeal regarding the original verdict.[4]

Carol visited Bucharest in November 2005. That was the first time for him to go to Romania after his participation in the funeral of his grandmother Queen Marie in 1938.

Two months later, Carol died in London. He was buried in Romania after a funeral held at the Cozia Monastery. He never claimed the defunct throne of Romania,[9] unlike his son Paul.

Marriages and children[edit]

Carol was married three times, firstly on 22 March 1948 in Paris to Helene Henriette Nagavitzine/Navagatzine[citation needed] (b. 26 May 1925 Paris), with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1958.

He was married secondly to Thelma Jeanne Williams (Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, 15 November 1930 – Rutland, Rutland County, Vermont, 5 June 1988) on 20 December 1960 in Paris, with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1977.

  • Ion George Nicholas Alexander Lambrino, or (von) Hohenzollern (born 1 September 1961 in Poole, Dorset, England), unmarried and without issue

He married his third wife Antonia Colville (Bracken, Church Crookham, Hampshire, 29 May 1939 – 13 June 2007), the great granddaughter of Charles Colville, 1st Viscount Colville of Culross at Fulham Town Hall on 27 June 1984, without issue. Carol and his third wife settled in Parsons Green and led a quiet life.

References[edit]

External links[edit]