Carol Steen

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Carol Steen (born 1943[1]) is an artist, writer, curator, and synesthete who lives and works in New York. She has had over 20 solo gallery exhibitions, her first solo exhibition was at the Detroit Institute of Arts, and her work has been in over 50 group exhibitions including shows at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Brookgreen Gardens Museum in South Carolina, the Cranbrook Museum in Michigan, and the DeCordova Museum in Massachusetts.

Steen has been the recipient of fellowships from the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire; the Printmaking Workshop in New York City; and the New York Foundation for the Arts (NYFA); among others. Her work is in the collections of several public art collections including the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Robert McGlaughlin Gallery in Canada, and the Library of Congress.[2]

Experience of synesthesia[edit]

She is notable for her artworks which make use of her experiences of synesthesia and for her work in making the knowledge of synesthesia available to people. Steen experiences colors while viewing letters and numbers (grapheme-color synesthesia), music (timbre-color synesthesia), and (touch-color synesthesia) in response to acupuncture and pain.[3] She has shared her synesthetic experiences on the first website on synesthesia created by Karen Chenausky, Adam Rosen and Carol Steen in 1996 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[4][5][6] She studied art at Cranbrook Academy of Art where she gained her Master of Fine Arts. She has taught at the University of Michigan, and at William Paterson University.[2] She currently teaches at Touro College, New York.[2]

She is co-author, with Greta Berman and Daphne Maurer, of the book Synesthesia: Art and the Mind (2008) which documents an exhibition of art by genuine synesthetic artists, and two who were thought to be. This exhibition was held at the McMaster Museum of Art. It was co-curated by Carol Steen and Greta Berman and ran from September 2008 through December 2008.

Steen has presented her work at numerous conferences on synesthesia including; The University of Edinburgh, 2008; University of Granada, 2007; University of California Berkeley, 2004; University of California San Diego, 2002; Yale 1999; and the University of Cambridge, Trinity College, 1997; among many others. She has been a co-chair and panelist for talks on Synesthesia and Art at the College Art Association’s annual conferences in 2005 and 2009. She has presented her work at the School of Visual Arts in NYC in 2007, at The Juilliard School every year since 2000, and at M.I.T. in 1997.

She has been in numerous television and radio documentaries including “60 Minutes”, the BBC, and NPR, and in many books, magazines and newspapers including, the Smithsonian Magazine, Newsweek, The New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal.

In addition, Steen is the co-founder, with Patricia Lynne Duffy, and current board member of the American Synesthesia Association.[7]


  1. ^ Schapiro, R. (June 25, 2006). "Kaleidescope Eyes. Blended Senses Colorful But Not Rare, Experts Say". NY Daily News. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Carol Steen". Faculty biography. Touro College. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ Steen, C. (2001). "Visions Shared: A Firsthand Look into Synesthesia and Art". Leonardo (MIT Press) 34 (3): 203–208. doi:10.1162/002409401750286949. 
  4. ^ "Synesthete Perspectives -Carol". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. May 1996. 
  5. ^ Velos, B. "Synesthesia in Art, artists Carol Steen, Marcia Smilack and Anne Salz". Wordpress. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ Prevec, R.A. (September 15, 2008). "Senses Collide at McMaster Museum of Art". McMaster Daily News. McMaster University. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ "American Synesthesia Association Official website". American Synesthesia Association. November 19, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  1. 8 ^ "The New Museum, Bowery Artist Tribute" Retrieved January 14, 2011.


  • Berman, Greta; Steen, Carol; Maurer, Daphne (October 25, 2008). Synesthesia: Art and the Mind. McMaster Museum of Art / ABC Art Books Canada. ISBN 0-9783585-8-9. 

External links[edit]