Carol Victor, Hereditary Prince of Albania
Carol Victor, Hereditary Prince of Albania (19 May 1913 – 8 December 1973) was the only son of William, Prince of Albania and briefly heir to the Principality of Albania. He held the title of Hereditary Prince of Albania. He was also styled Skënder, in homage to Skanderbeg, the national hero.
Carol Victor was born on 19 May 1913 in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia as Prince Charles Victor of Wied (German: Karl Viktor Prinz zu Wied). He was the second child and only son of Prince William Frederick of Wied (1876–1945), son of William, Prince of Wied and Princess Marie of the Netherlands, and his wife, Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1885–1936), daughter of Victor, Hereditary Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg and his wife Princess Lucia of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg. Through her maternal grandmother he was related with the Dutch Royal Family. His great-grandparents were King William I of the Netherlands and King Frederick William III of Prussia.
Carol Victor studied law at Tübingen University and his doctoral thesis on criminal procedure was published in Stuttgart in 1936. He was a keen swordsman and enjoyed skiing. In 1937, Swire described him as a young man of great ability, with his father's good nature (Swire, Zog's Albania, page 202).
Hereditary Prince of Albania
Hereditary Prince Carol Victor (Skënder) of Albania
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On 7 March 1914, appointed by the Great Powers of Europe, his father William was created Prince of Albania. After his father became Prince, he held the title of Hereditary Prince of Albania.
With Albania in a state of civil war since July 1914, Greece occupying the south of the country, the great powers at war with one another, the regime collapsed, and so all of his family left the country on 3 September 1914 originally heading to Venice. Despite leaving Albania his father insisted that he remained head of state.
During the Second World War, Carol Victor served as an officer in the German army in Romania, and in the autumn of 1941 there was speculation that the Germans, who had occupied Yuguslavia, including the northern part of Kosovo, would use him to rally Albanians to the German cause. This worried Mussolini's Foreign Minister, Count Ciano, to such extent that in November 1941, he accused the Germans of aiming to construct a new Albanian state led by Prince Carol Victor, which would be anti-Italian and whose militia would take oath directly to Hitler. There appeared to be little truth to Ciano's fears, and the Germans reassured him they had no such ambition for the prince (Fischer, Albania at War, 1939 - 1945, page 86). At the time of second/third Battle of Cassino he belonged to the 44th Infantry Division (Manfred Schick, Monte Cassino: Ein Rückblick nach 60 Jahren).
On the death of his father, on 18 April 1945 at Predeal, near Sinaia, in Romania, he succeeded as Head of the Princely House of Albania (Wied) and Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of the Black Eagle although he made no public claim to the throne of Albania. Less than a year his father's death, both his uncles William Frederick (6. Fürst zu Wied) and Victor, former German ambassador to Sweden (1933 -1943) died. Also in 1945, his uncle Günther (5. Fürst von Schönburg-Waldenburg), Sophie's brother, was expropriated without compensation and interned at Rügen island (Sächsische Biografie). His sister, Princess Marie Eleonore, Princess of Albania (Prinkësh i Shquipëria) died in a communist internment camp at Miercurea Ciuc, Romania, on 29 September 1956, without issue.
In 1954, Carol Victor wrote a reliable account of his ancestor, the German explorer, ethnologist and naturalist: "Maximilian Prinz zu Wied: Sein Leben und seine Reisen" in Maximilian Prinz zu Wied. Unveröffentliche Bilder und Handschriften zur Völkerkunde Brasiliens, ed. Josef Röder and Hermann Trimborn (Bonn-Hannover-Stuttgart: F. Dümmler, 1954), p. 17.
In 1960, Carol Victor left the Munich society "Freunde des Balletts", of which he was president since its foundation in 1956 (Der Spiegel 19/1960). The following year he published the book: "Königinnen des Balletts: Zweihundert Jahre europäisches Ballett".
Carol Victor married on 8 September 1966 in New York City, Eileen de Coppet (née Johnston), widow of captain André de Coppet, DSC, late US army. She was daughter of George Johnston, Esq., landscape gardener and Alice Percival. She was born on 3 September 1922 at Chester, England and died on 1 September 1985 at New York, USA.
Carol Victor and Eileen lived in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London.
Titles and styles
- 19 May 1913 – 7 March 1914: His Serene Highness Prince Carol Victor of Wied
- 7 March 1914 – 8 December 1973: His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Albania
|Ancestors of Carol Victor, Hereditary Prince of Albania|
Notes and sources
- Springer, Elisabeth; Leopold Kammerhofer (1993). Archiv und Forschung. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. p. 346. ISBN 3-486-55989-3.
- Kola, Paulin (2003). The Search for Greater Albania. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 1-85065-596-0.
- Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America (London, U.K.: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1977), page 6. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1
- thePeerage.com - Karl Viktor Prinz von Wied
- Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Prince Carol Victor zu Wied, Hereditary Prince of Albania
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Reference: 1991 2
Carol Victor, Hereditary Prince of Albania
Cadet branch of the House of WiedBorn: 19 May 1913 Died: 8 December 1973
|Titles in pretence|
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Prince of Albania
18 April 1945 – 8 December 1973
Reason for succession failure:
Republic proclaimed in 1925