|• Total||14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||86.8%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||1185|
Carolina is a town situated on the Johannesburg to Swaziland route in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. The town lies in the grass and wetlands region of Mpumalanga at 1710 meters above sea level. It is a mixed farming and on a small scale coal and precious stone mining community.
Carolina was established by Cornelius Johannes Coetzee as a permanent outspan for wagons when gold was discovered in 1883 in Barberton. The town of Carolina was proclaimed on 15 June 1886 and named after his wife Magdalena Carolina Smit. The town was built on portions of the farms Groenvlei and Goedehoop and the first stands was sold in 1883 .
Carolina was rebuilt after it was razed in 1900 during the Second Boer War . There still lie a few perfect examples of spectacular sandstone architecture in Carolina’s public buildings. The sandstone Grobler Bridge which crosses the Komati river on the present R36 route to Machadodorp was opened for traffic in 1897. The bridge was named after Johannes Lodewikus Grobler. The cornerstone of the Dutch Reformed Church was laid by Commandant General Piet Joubert in October 1888. This building was severely damaged during the Second Boer War and used as a horse stable by British troops. The Ermelo Railway Company completed the Ermelo-Carolina-Machadodorp railway line in 1907. This placed Carolina on the trade route with Swaziland . The Komati Gorge and associated Komati River are situated in the vicinity of Carolina.
It has a very small township called Silobela with different sections in it. Silobela houses mostly Swati speaking people. There are Zulus, Ndebeles and a small number of Tsonga people.
- "Main Place Carolina". Census 2011.
2. Bornman, H. (1986) Carolina 1886-1986, Pretoria: Sigma-Pers.
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