Carolina Herrera (fashion designer)
Herrera, in September 2007
January 8, 1939 |
|Spouse(s)||Guillermo Behrens Tello (1957-64; divorced);
Reinaldo Herrera Guevara
|Labels||Carolina Herrera New York
CH Carolina Herrera
|Headquarters||New York City, New York, United States|
|Key people||Carolina Herrera|
Carolina Herrera (born January 8, 1939) is a Venezuelan-American fashion designer known for "exceptional personal style", and dressing First Ladies from Jacqueline Onassis to Michelle Obama. The New York Times cited her designs as "elegant and worldly without ever being fussy".
Early and personal life
Born María Carolina Josefina Pacanins y Niño on January 8, 1939, in Caracas, Venezuela, to Guillermo Pacanins Acevedo, an air force officer and former governor of Caracas, and María Cristina Niño Passios. Her socialité grandmother introduced her to the world of fashion, taking young Carolina to shows by Balenciaga and buying her outfits at Lanvin and Dior. She has said "My eye was accustomed to see pretty things."
In 1968, in Caracas, she married Reinaldo Herrera Guevara, who had inherited the Spanish title The 5th Marqués of Torre Casa in 1962 upon his father's death. Reinaldo was the host of "Buenos Días", a Venezuelan morning-television news program and the elder son of Reinaldo Herrera Uslar, a prominent Venezuelan sugarcane plantation owner and art collector. Therefore by marriage, Carolina held the title The Marquise consort of Torre Casa, until it was retracted in 1992, as Reinaldo had issued no son. Her husband is a special-projects editor of Vanity Fair magazine, and they have two daughters, Carolina Adriana and Patricia Cristina, and six grandchildren.
Career and brand
Frequently associating with Mick and Bianca Jagger and Andy Warhol, at Studio 54, she became well known for her dramatic style. She first appeared on the International Best Dressed List in 1972, then was elected to its Hall of Fame in 1980. That year, her friend Diana Vreeland, Editor-in-Chief of Vogue suggested that Carolina design a clothing line. She did so, having samples made in Caracas, and showed them in a friend's apartment in New York. A well known Park Avenue boutique, Martha's, agreed to showcase her clothing in their prominent windows. Upon this initial success, she returned to Caracas and raised capital to fund a more formal launch. Her first runway show in 1980 included future supermodel Iman.
The company has been based in New York City since 1980, and in 1981 the brand received recognition from several key publications, including Women's Wear Daily and Tatler, with particular early attention to her well designed sleeves. A few of her most notable clients have included Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, who asked her to design the dress for her daughter Caroline's wedding, Duchess Diana de Melo, and actress Renée Zellweger.
In the late 1980s, Spanish fragrance company Puig licensed the Carolina Herrera name to develop and market a line of perfumes. In 1995, the firm acquired the Carolina Herrara fashion business, retaining her as Creative Director. In 2008, they launched a ready-to-wear brand called CH Carolina Herrera; as of 2012, there are 18 Carolina Herrera and CH Carolina Herrera boutiques in the world, and her lines are carried in 280 stores in 104 countries. As of 2011, her daughters Carolina Jr. and Patricia Lansing participate in the creative direction and design.
Awards and achievements
In 2008 she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America, and "Womenswear Designer of the Year" in 2004. Herrera is a recipient of The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence as well as Spain's Gold Medal for Merit in the Fine Arts, which was presented to her in 2002 by King Don Juan Carlos I. She was awarded the Gold Medal of the Queen Sofía Spanish Institute in 1997.
She received the Fashion Group International Superstar Award, the Style Awards Designer of the Year in 2012 and the "Mercedes-Benz Presents" title for her 2011 collection. She has been on the cover of Vogue seven times.
- "La Vanguardia Ediciones Newspaper, Jan. 22, 2013 - Subject Page - Carolina Herrera".
- Leader, Romney (25 September 2009). "Carolina Herrera Makes It Official". Style.com. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- "Vanity Fair".
- "New York Times, January 4, 1994 - For Carolina Herrera, Tranquillity Amid Success by Bernadine Morris".
- "Forbes Magazine, November 13, 2008 - Inagural Gowns Fit for Michelle Obama".
- "Vogue Espana Biography of Carolina Herrera".
- "New York Times, Oct. 14, 1989 - Ana L. Behrens-Pacanins Is Married To Luis Paraud-Carpena, Developer".
- "Reinaldo Herrera Weds in Caracas". The New York Times. 21 September 1968.
- Carolina Herrera: Portrait of a Fashion Icon, by Alexandra Kotur, Published by Assouline, 2004, from the forward by Hamish Bowles pp. 8-13
- Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopaedia, Volume 1, pages 325-326
- "Ana Behrens-Pacanins Is Married To Luis Paraud-Carpena, Developer". The New York Times. 14 October 1989. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13.
- Shapiro, Harriet (May 3, 1982). "From Venezuela to Seventh Avenue, Carolina Herrera's Fashions Cast a Long Shadow". People. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13.
- "Gobierno De Espana, Agencia Estatal Boletin Oficial del Estado - Order 3742, Feb. 1, 1975".
- "New York Times, Dec. 28, 1992 - Maria Herrera-Uslar; Society Figure Was 78".
- "The Independent, Mar. 6, 2010 - My Secret Life: Carolina Herrera, fashion designer, 71, by Charlotte Philby".
- "Gobierno De Espana, Agencia Estatal Boletin Oficial del Estado - Order 26340, March 16, 1992".
- "Weddings/Celebrations: Patricia Herrera, Gerrit Lansing". The New York Times. 24 November 2002. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13.
- "Expresso, Aug. 19, 2010 - Diana de Cadaval: "Gosto que me chamem princesa", by Cândida Santos Silva (in Portuguese)".
- "Puig, a Spanish fashion empire that started with a lipstick". Modaes. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- "CNN, Mar 14, 2012 - How Carolina Herrera turned being chic into big business, by Felicia Taylor".
- "New York Times, May 8, 2011 - With Pops of Color, by Bee-Shyuan Chang".
- "Vogue Magazine - Bio page and timeline for Carolina Herrera".
- "Madrid with Carolina Herrera". Travel+Leisure. October 2005. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13.
- Spanish Institute Gala Announcement
- "Elle Magazine, Jul. 16, 2012 - CAROLINA HERRERA IS AN HONORARY SUPERSTAR, by Hadas Margulies".
- "WWD, Sep. 7, 2012 - Style Awards Honor Carolina Herrera, Reed Krakoff, by Rosemary Feitelberg".
- "Mercedes Benz Corporate Announcement".
- "Fashion Week Daily - Carolina Herrera joining Mimi So board".
- "WWD, Jul. 1, 1999 - CFDA board taps Wang, Von Furstenberg, Spade".
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