Carolina Kostner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carolina Kostner
Carolina Kostner at 2013 Italian Figure Skating Championships.jpg
Personal information
Country represented Italy
Born (1987-02-08) February 8, 1987 (age 27)
Bolzano, Italy
Home town Urtijëi, Italy
Height 1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)
Coach Michael Huth
Former coach Friedrich Juricek, Frank Carroll, Christa Fassi, Edoardo De Bernardis
Choreographer Lori Nichol
Former choreographer Kurt Browning, Megan Smith
Skating club G.S. Fiamme Azzurre
Began skating 1990
ISU personal best scores
Combined total 216.73
2014 Winter Olympics
Short program 77.24
2014 Worlds
Free skate 142.61
2014 Winter Olympics

Carolina Kostner (born February 8, 1987) is an Italian figure skater. She is the 2014 Olympic bronze medalist, the 2012 World champion, a five-time European champion (2007–2008, 2010, 2012–2013), and the 2011 Grand Prix Final champion. She is also a medalist at five other World Championships (2005, 2008, 2011, 2013 - 2014), four other European Championships (2006, 2009, 2011, 2014), and three other Grand Prix Finals (2007, 2008, 2010), the 2003 World Junior bronze medalist, and a seven-time Italian national champion.

Personal life[edit]

Carolina Kostner was born in Bolzano, Italy and lives in Urtijëi (Ortisei/St. Ulrich), Italy. She is one of three children of Patrizia, a nationally ranked figure skater in the 1970s and later a geometric arts teacher,[1] and Erwin, who played ice hockey for the Italian national team at the World Championships and Olympic Games before becoming an ice hockey coach.[2] One of her grandfathers was the director of the Art Academy in her hometown.[1] She has two brothers, one year older Martin and three years younger Simon, who plays ice hockey competitively[3] in JYP-Akatemia in Jyväskylä, Finland. Kostner is the cousin and godchild of Isolde Kostner, a silver medalist in alpine skiing at the 2002 Winter Olympics.[4]

Kostner speaks Ladin (a Rhaeto-Romanic language), German, Italian, English, and French.[2] In autumn 2007, she enrolled at the University of Turin. She studied art history mainly through correspondence courses.[5]

Kostner was formerly in a relationship with former Olympic race walking champion Alex Schwazer, who failed a dope test for Erythropoietin before the 2012 Summer Olympics , and was banned from competition for three and a half years by the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI) in April 2013. Kostner admitted to prosecutors in Bolzano that she had lied to inspectors from the World Anti-Doping Agency shortly before the 2012 Games when they visited her home looking for Schwazer, claiming that he was not there so he could avoid being tested. She also told the prosecutors that Schwazer slept in an altitude chamber, which is not banned by WADA but is illegal in Italy. She subsequently failed to attend a hearing organised in September 2014 by CONI to investigate her comments to the prosecutors.[6]

Career[edit]

Kostner in 2004

Early career[edit]

Kostner began skating at age four.[2] She has said, "Half of my family on my Dad's side is in sports, and my mother's side is more involved in arts. For me, figure skating was a good mix of the two."[1] When a landslide destroyed her home rink[4] in 2001, Kostner chose to work with Michael Huth in Oberstdorf, Germany, about a four-hour drive from her home in Bolzano. She made her senior debut in the 2002–2003 season, finishing fourth at the European championships. Later that year, she became the first Italian skater to medal at Junior Worlds, winning a bronze.

2003–2006[edit]

In the 2003–2004 season, Kostner finished 5th at the 2004 European Championships and at the 2004 World Championships. In the 2004–2005, she finished 7th at the 2005 European Championships before beating Michelle Kwan for the bronze medal at the 2005 Worlds in Moscow.[7]

Kostner won her first European medal in 2006, and was chosen to be flag bearer for the host Italian team during the opening ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics.[8] At the Olympics, she placed 9th. The next month, at the 2006 World Championships, she placed 12th.

2007–2010[edit]

Kostner missed the 2006–2007 Grand Prix season due to injury. She won the Italian national title and went on to win her first European title at the 2007 European Championships.[9] She set a new personal best to finish third in the short program at the 2007 Worlds but faltered in the long program and finished 6th overall.[10]

During the 2007–2008 season, Kostner medaled at both her Grand Prix events and went to the Grand Prix Final for the first time. At that event, she won the bronze medal. She won her second European title at the 2008 Europeans after winning the short program and placing second in the free skate.[11] At the 2008 Worlds, Kostner won the short program and placed third in the free skate, winning the silver medal overall.[12]

Kostner performs at the 2009 World Figure Skating Championships.

In the 2008–2009 season, Kostner finished off the podium at her first Grand Prix event, 2008 Skate Canada, lost her European title to Laura Lepistö,[13] and finished 12th at the 2009 World Championships after a long program in which she failed to land a single clean triple. As a result, Italy qualified only one ladies spot for the 2010 Olympics.[14] After eight years of training with coach Michael Huth, Kostner made a coaching change in the summer of 2009,[15] relocating to El Segundo, California to work with Frank Carroll and Christa Fassi, the widow of the late Carlo Fassi.[16]

Kostner placed 6th in both of her 2009–10 Grand Prix events, the 2009 Trophée Eric Bompard and the 2009 Cup of China. In the middle of the season, she left Carroll but continued training with Christa Fassi,[17] and in Pinerolo, Italy with Edoardo De Bernardis. In December 2009, Kostner lost her national title to Valentina Marchei, which threatened her spot on the Italian team for the Vancouver Games, but the following month she rebounded to win gold at the 2010 European Championships, held in Tallinn, Estonia. At the 2010 Olympic Winter Games, she finished 16th overall after failing in most of her jumping elements in the free skate. She was able to finish the season on a better note by placing 6th at the 2010 World Championships, which took place in Turin, near her hometown. In 2011, Kostner said that her bad experience at the Olympics led her to question whether she should continue skating, but that she came to realize that she loved skating.[18]

Feeling homesick being far from home,[5] Kostner returned to Oberstdorf and resumed training with Huth in July 2010.[19]

2010–present[edit]

Kostner with coach Michael Huth in 2010

For the 2010–11 ISU Grand Prix season, Kostner was assigned to the 2010 NHK Trophy and to the 2010 Skate America. During the season, she had a left knee injury.[20] As a result, she did not practice the flip and lutz until the end of 2010.[1] Nevertheless, she was the bronze medalist at Skate America and won the NHK trophy for the second time in her career. At the 2010–11 Grand Prix Final, Kostner placed second in the short program and fourth in the long, winning the silver medal. She also won the silver medal at the 2011 European Championships, where she had a difficult short program but won the free skate.[21] Between the Europeans and Worlds, she took part in the Gardena Spring Trophy, which she won. At the 2011 Worlds in Moscow, Kostner was sixth in the short program but won the bronze medal after a personal-best free skate. It was her first podium finish at Worlds since 2008 and her third overall; she had won her first Worlds medal, also a bronze, in Moscow six years prior.[22] After winning medals at all of her events in 2010–11, Kostner finished atop the ISU season standings.[23] She underwent physiotherapy and took a two-and-a-half month break from skating, returning to training in mid-July.[1]

As a top-six finisher at the 2011 Worlds, Kostner was allowed to compete in three Grand Prix events in 2011. She elected to do so and was assigned to Skate America, the Cup of China, and the Trophée Eric Bompard. She was the silver medalist at Skate America and won the Cup of China, thus becoming the first skater to qualify for the Grand Prix Final.[18] Kostner then won the silver medal at the Trophée Eric Bompard. In an interview after the event, she stated that her knee was fully recovered and her goal was to include more difficult jumps in the 2012 ISU championships.[1] Kostner posted season's-best scores in the short program (66.43) and the free program (121.05) to win her first-ever gold medal at the Grand Prix Final; her overall score of 187.48 was a new personal best.[24] She is the first Italian single skater to become a Grand Prix Final champion and the second overall after Barbara Fusar-Poli / Maurizio Margaglio, who won the ice dancing title in 2000.

Kostner won the 2012 Europeans, her fourth continental title in ten appearances at the event.[25] Her next competition was the 2012 International Challenge Cup, which she won by more than 26 points.[26]

At the 2012 World Championships in Nice, France, Kostner finished third in the short program[27] and first in the free skate with a new personal best score to take the gold. She became Italy's first World champion in ladies' singles and second in any discipline after Fusar-Poli / Margaglio in 2001.[28][29] Kostner's final event of the season was the 2012 World Team Trophy, where she competed as part of the Italian team. She set a new personal best score in the short program and placed third in the free skate, finishing 2nd overall.[30][31]

For the 2012–2013 Grand Prix season, Kostner was assigned to the 2012 Cup of China and the 2012 Trophee Eric Bompard. In July 2012, she said that she was considering retiring from competition[32][33] but on July 12, 2012 she stated that she had decided to continue competing until the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.[34] On August 2, 2012 her name was removed from the entry lists of both of her 2012–2013 Grand Prix events[35] due to insufficient time to reach competitive fitness.[36] On December 1, 2012, Kostner announced on her website that she would be competing in the 2012 Golden Spin of Zagreb. At the 2013 European Championships in Zagreb, Croatia, Kostner finished second in the short program and second in the free skate with a new personal best score to take the gold, her fifth title and her eighth consecutive European medal. She then won her fifth World medal, silver, at the 2013 World Championships.

In June 2013, Kostner began training for the 2013–2014 season in Oberstdorf.[37] She started her season competing at the 2013 Cup of China where she won the bronze medal and then won the silver medal at the 2013 Cup of Russia. In January 2014, Kostner announced she had changed her competitive programs. At the 2014 European Championships in Budapest, Hungary, Kostner won the bronze medal, her 9th podium in a row in the continental competition.

Kostner (left) during medal ceremony in 2014 Sochi Olympics.

At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Kostner was in third place after the short program, with a score of 74.12, just 0.8 behind leader, and reigning Olympic champion, Kim Yuna of South Korea. She ultimately won the bronze medal after the free skate, with a total score of 216.73.[38] She later said, "That night at the medal ceremony was very emotional; it was a moment when the circle closed for me and my career. I felt I missed nothing in my competitive career anymore."[39]

One month later, at the 2014 World Championships in Saitama, Japan, Kostner placed second in the short program with a score of 77.24, her personal best and third result ever, setting the new world record in program component score with 37.46; then, after the free program, Kostner won the bronze medal overall, even though she was disappointed by her free skate (Kostner singled two of her jumps and fell on another jump).

In the summer of 2014 Kostner announced via social media that she would be taking a break from figure skating for the 2014-15 season.[40]

Skating technique[edit]

Kostner is known for her speed across the ice.[citation needed] She can land triple-triple combinations, including the triple fliptriple toe loop, as well as a triple fliptriple toe loopdouble loop combination, and a double axel-triple toe loop combination. She has also landed a triple lutz – triple toe combination and a double axel – half loop – triple salchow combination.[citation needed] Kostner spins and jumps in the clockwise direction.[citation needed]

Endorsements and shows[edit]

Kostner's current and former sponsors[41] include Alto Adige/Südtirol, Asics, Grissin Bon, Lancia, Herbalife (from 2010–11 season), Torino Olympic park, and Roberto Cavalli (until 2009–10 season). Kostner's current and former official suppliers[42] include Maybelline, L'Oréal Professionnel, Fratelli Rossetti, Damiani, Swarovski, Iceberg and T-SHIRT T-SHOPS.[43]

Kostner designed her own costumes from 2010 to 2014.[39][44] She worked with Roberto Cavalli in 2005.[45] She performed in the show Winx On Ice[46][47] from November 2008 and in Opera on Ice, held in October 2011 at the Arena of Verona, which was broadcast simultaneously in 40 countries worldwide.[48]

Programs[edit]

Kostner performs at the 2010 Olympics
Kostner performs at the 2011 Trophée Eric Bompard
Season Short program Free skating Exhibition
2013–2014
[49][50][51]


  • Scheherazade
    by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    choreo. by Lori Nichol

2012–2013
[52][53]
2011–2012
[1][54]

2010–2011
[3][51]
  • Galicia Flamenco
    by Gino d'Auri
    choreo. by Lori Nichol

2009–2010
[51][55]
2008–2009
[51][56][57]
  • Mujer Sola
  • Canaro en Paris
    by Tango Lorca
    choreo. by Lori Nichol


2007–2008
[51][58]

2006–2007
[51][59]
2005–2006
[51][60]
2004–2005
[4][51][61]
2003–2004
[51][62]
2002–2003
[51][63]
2000–2001
[64]
  • Azul
    by Jesse Cook
  • Cansion Triste
    by Jesse Cook
  • Gypsy Music

Competitive highlights[edit]

International[65]
Event 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14
Olympics 9th 16th 3rd
Worlds 10th 5th 3rd 12th 6th 2nd 12th 6th 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
Europeans 4th 5th 7th 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 1st 3rd
Grand Prix Final 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st
GP Bompard 2nd 6th 2nd
GP Cup of China 3rd 6th 1st 3rd
GP Cup of Russia 2nd 7th 1st 2nd
GP NHK Trophy 6th 1st 1st
GP Skate America 9th 3rd 2nd
GP Skate Canada 5th 7th 4th
Nebelhorn 1st 1st
Bofrost Cup 4th
Challenge Cup 1st 1st
Finlandia 4th 3rd
Gardena 4th 1st
Golden Spin 1st
Karl Schäfer 1st
Merano Cup 1st
Ondrej Nepela 1st
International: Junior[65]
Junior Worlds 11th 10th 3rd
JGP Final 2nd
JGP China 4th
JGP France 1st
JGP Germany 7th
JGP Italy 6th
JGP Norway 9th
JGP Poland 4th
Dragon Trophy 1st J.
National[65]
Italian Champ. 1st J. 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st WD 1st 2nd 1st WD 1st
Team events
Olympics 4th T
(2nd P)
WTT 6th T
(2nd P)
GP = Grand Prix; JGP = Junior Grand Prix; J. = Junior level; WD = Withdrew
T = Team result; P = Personal result; Medals awarded for team result only.

Detailed results[edit]

Kostner (right) at the podium in 2014 Sochi Olympics.
Kostner with Lipnitskaya (left) and Mao Asada (center) at the 2014 World Championships podium.
Kostner (center left) with the 2012 World Championships gold medalists.
Kostner at the 2012 World Championships.

(Small medals for short and free programs awarded only at ISU Championships – Worlds, Europeans, and Junior Worlds. At team events, medals awarded only for team results.)

2013–2014 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 24–30, 2014 2014 World Championships 2
77.24
6
126.59
3
203.83
February 7–23, 2014 2014 Winter Olympics – Individual 3
74.12
4
142.61
3
216.73
2014 Winter Olympics – Team event 2
70.84
January 13–19, 2014 2014 European Championships 3
68.97
3
122.42
3
191.39
November 22–24, 2013 2013 Rostelecom Cup 2
67.74
1
122.38
2
190.12
November 1–3, 2013 2013 Cup of China 2
62.75
2
110.65
3
173.40
2012–2013 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 10–17, 2013 2013 World Championships 2
66.86
3
131.03
2
197.89
February 21–24, 2013 2013 Challenge Cup 1
72.81
1
126.09
1
198.90
January 21–27, 2013 2013 European Championships 2
64.19
2
130.52
1
194.71
December 19–22, 2012 2013 Italian Championships 1
70.13
1
143.56
1
213.69
December 13–16, 2012 2012 Golden Spin of Zagreb 1
64.99
1
110.03
1
175.02
2011–2012 season
Date Event SP FS Total
April 18–22, 2012 2012 ISU World Team Trophy 1
69.48
3
116.24
2
185.72
March 26 – April 1, 2012 2012 World Championships 3
61.00
1
128.94
1
189.94
March 8–11, 2012 2012 Challenge Cup 1
64.89
1
132.84
1
197.73
January 23–29, 2012 2012 European Championships 1
63.22
1
120.33
1
183.55
December 8–11, 2011 2011–12 Grand Prix Final 1
66.43
1
121.05
1
187.48
November 17–20, 2011 2011 Grand Prix Trophée Bompard 2
59.70
3
119.62
2
179.32
November 3–6, 2011 2011 Grand Prix Cup of China 1
61.88
1
120.26
1
182.14
October 20–23, 2011 2011 Grand Prix Skate America 2
60.23
1
117.12
2
177.35
2010–2011 season
Date Event SP FS Total
April 25, – May 1, 2011 2011 World Championships 6
59.75
3
124.93
3
184.68
March 1 – April 3, 2011 2011 Gardena Spring Trophy 1
58.24
1
109.76
1
168.00
January 24–30, 2011 2011 European Championships 6
53.17
1
115.37
2
168.54
December 16–19, 2010 2011 Italian Championships 1
65.52
1
124.22
1
189.74
December 8–12, 2010 2010–11 Grand Prix Final 2
62.13
4
116.47
2
178.60
November 11–14, 2010 2010 Grand Prix Skate America 1
60.28
6
94.59
3
154.87
October 21–24, 2010 2010 Grand Prix NHK Trophy 1
57.27
2
107.34
1
164.61
2009–2010 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 22–28, 2010 2010 World Championships 4
62.20
5
115.11
6
177.31
February 12–27, 2010 2010 Winter Olympics 7
63.02
19
88.88
16
151.90
January 18–24, 2010 2010 European Championships 1
65.80
1
107.66
1
173.46
December 17–20, 2009 2010 Italian Championships 2
53.26
2
102.42
2
155.68
November 12–15, 2009 2009 Merano Cup 1
58.17
1
109.23
1
167.40
Oct. 29 – Nov. 1, 2009 2009 Grand Prix Cup of China 3
61.12
7
93.06
6
154.18
October 15–18, 2009 2009 Grand Prix Trophée Bompard 7
51.26
4
96.37
6
147.63
2008–2009 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 23–29, 2009 2009 World Championships 5
63.18
15
90.38
12
153.56
January 20–25, 2009 2009 European Championships 3
51.36
1
114.06
2
165.42
December 18–21, 2008 2009 Italian Championships 1
58.54
1
112.55
1
171.09
December 10–14, 2008 2008–09 Grand Prix Final 4
55.88
4
112.13
3
168.01
November 20–23, 2008 2008 Grand Prix Cup of Russia 2
57.02
1
113.70
1
170.72
Oct. 30 – Nov. 2, 2008 2008 Grand Prix Skate Canada 7
48.56
4
104.20
4
152.76
October 14–17, 2008 2008 Karl Schäfer Memorial 3
50.59
1
93.07
1
143.66
2007–2008 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 17–23, 2008 2008 World Championships 1
64.28
3
120.40
2
184.68
January 21–27, 2008 2008 European Championships 1
59.31
2
111.97
1
171.28
December 13–16, 2007 2007–08 Grand Prix Final 3
59.86
3
119.07
3
178.93
Nov. 28 – Dec. 2, 2007 2007 Grand Prix NHK Trophy 1
61.24
2
103.45
1
164.69
November 7–11, 2007 2007 Grand Prix Cup of China 1
60.82
4
83.04
3
143.86
October 12–14, 2007 2007 Finlandia Trophy 1
58.54
4
97.33
3
155.87
September 27–30, 2007 2007 Nebelhorn Trophy 1
60.15
1
113.38
1
173.53
2006–2007 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 20–25, 2007 2007 World Championships 3
67.15
9
101.77
6
168.92
January 22–28, 2007 2007 European Championships 2
60.46
1
114.33
1
174.79
January 4–7, 2007 2007 Italian Championships 1
60.54
1
106.19
1
166.73
2005–2006 season
Date Event QR SP FS Total
March 19–26, 2006 2006 World Championships 4
25.64
16
48.95
11
97.86
12
172.45
February 10–26, 2006 2006 Winter Olympics 11
53.77
9
99.73
9
153.50
January 17–22, 2006 2006 European Championships 5
60.04
3
112.41
3
172.45
January 5–8, 2006 2006 Italian Championships 1
57.84
1
107.14
1
164.98
December 1–4, 2005 2005 Grand Prix NHK Trophy 1
58.64
7
86.78
6
145.42
October 27–30, 2005 2005 Grand Prix Skate Canada 5
49.46
8
83.18
7
132.64
2004–2005 season
Date Event QR SP FS Total
March 14–20, 2005 2005 World Championships 3
26.45
4
60.82
4
113.29
3
200.56
January 25–30, 2005 2005 European Championships 7
49.29
7
93.42
7
142.71
January 6–9, 2005 2005 Italian Championships 1
1
1
November 25–28, 2004 2004 Grand Prix Cup of Russia 2
57.50
10
71.42
7
128.92
November 18–21, 2004 2004 Grand Prix Trophée Bompard 2
53.72
3
89.78
2
143.50
October 28–31, 2004 2004 Grand Prix Skate Canada 4
50.86
5
88.08
5
138.94
2003–2004 season
Date Event QR SP FS Total
March 22–28, 2004 2004 World Championships 6 5 6 5
February 2–8, 2004 2004 European Championships 5 5 5
January 16–18, 2004 2004 Italian Championships 1 2 2
November 20–23, 2003 2003 Grand Prix Cup of Russia 6
45.38
1
98.15
2
143.53
October 23–26, 2003 2003 Grand Prix Skate America 7
49.22
10
78.07
9
127.29
October 9–12, 2003 2003 Finlandia Trophy 2 4 4
2002–2003 season
Date Event Level QR SP FS Total
March 24–30, 2003 2003 World Championships Senior 9 4 11 10
Feb. 24 – March 2, 2003 2003 World Junior Championships Junior 1 1 5 3
January 20–26, 2003 2003 European Championships Senior 3 7 4 4
January 3–5, 2003 2003 Italian Championships Senior 1
December 12–15, 2002 2002–03 JGP Final Junior 2 3 2
October 17–20, 2002 2002–03 JGP China Junior 6 3 4
September 26–29, 2002 2002 Ondrej Nepela Memorial Senior 2 1 1
September 4–7, 2002 2002 Nebelhorn Trophy Senior 2 1 1
August 21–25, 2002 2002–03 JGP France Junior 1 1 1
2001–2002 season
Date Event Level QR SP FS Total
March 3–10, 2002 2002 World Junior Championships Junior 10 9 8 10
November 7–11, 2001 2001–02 JGP Italy Junior 9 5 6
October 11–14, 2001 2001–02 JGP Netherlands Junior 4 5 4
2000–2001 season
Date Event Level QR SP FS Total
Feb. 26 – March 2, 2001 2001 World Junior Championships Junior 9 13 9 11
January 12–14, 2001 2001 Italian Championships Junior 1 1 1
November 2–5, 2000 2000–01 JGP Norway Junior 10 8 9
October 5–8, 2000 2000–01 JGP Czech Republic Junior 11 7 7

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Golinsky, Reut (December 9, 2011). "Carolina Kostner: "I hope that my time is not over yet"". Absolute Skating. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Carolina". Official website of Carolina Kostner. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Carolina KOSTNER: 2010/2011". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on August 15, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Mittan, Barry (January 23, 2005). "Italy Hopes For Medal From Kostner". SkateToday. 
  5. ^ a b Kany, Klaus-Reinhold (September 9, 2011). "Carolina Kostner: Making No Commitment to 2014". IFS Magazine. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Carolina Kostner skips hearing". espn.go.com. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  7. ^ 2005 World Championship Results from ISU
  8. ^ "Torino 2006 – Isolde Kostner Retiring". 
  9. ^ ISU European Figure Skating Championships – Ladies
  10. ^ ISU World Figure Skating Championships 2007 – Ladies
  11. ^ ISU European Figure Skating Championships – Ladies
  12. ^ ISU World Figure Skating Championships 2008 – Ladies
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Chiusano, Mattia (March 30, 2009). "Carolina, perchè? I motivi di un crollo" [Why, Carolina? The reasons for her collapse] (in Italian). la Repubblica. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ Rutherford, Lynn (June 4, 2009). "Carolina Kostner leaves coach Michael Huth". Icenetwork. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  16. ^ Hinckley, Todd (July 6, 2009). "Kostner heading to the U.S. to train in Los Angeles". Icenetwork. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  17. ^ Zonca, Giulia (February 23, 2010). "Carolina ha fede in Christa" [Carolina has faith in Christa] (in Italian). La Stampa. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b "USA's Jeremy Abbott wins gold after spill at Cup of China". Associated Press (USA Today). November 5, 2011. 
  19. ^ Ainsworth, Alexa (July 12, 2010). "Rink Notes – Olympic royalty meets the queen". Universal Sports. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Kanako Murakami wins 1st senior title". Associated Press (ESPN). November 14, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  21. ^ Flade, Tatiana (January 29, 2011). "Sarah Meier captures ladies European title". GoldenSkate.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  22. ^ Flade, Tatjana (April 30, 2011). "Ando edges out Kim for World title". GoldenSkate. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  23. ^ "ISU Season's World Ranking – Ladies". 
  24. ^ Flade, Tatjana (December 11, 2011). "Kostner seizes first Grand Prix Final title". Golden Skate. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Kostner takes fourth European title". 
  26. ^ "Kostner, Joubert earn titles at Challenge Cup". 
  27. ^ "Leonova takes short program at Worlds". Golden Skate. 
  28. ^ "Kostner strikes figure skating gold for Italy". Agence France-Presse (Google News). March 31, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Figure skating-Kostner finally wins world crown at ninth attempt". 
  30. ^ "Kostner wins ladies short at World Team Trophy; Team Japan leads". Golden Skate. 
  31. ^ "ISU World Team Trophy in Figure Skating, Day 3". International Skating Union. 
  32. ^ "Ice-skating: world champ Kostner considering quitting". Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata. July 6, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Kostner verso il ritiro "Sto pensando di lasciare"" [Kostner may retire] (in Italian). la Repubblica. July 6, 2012. 
  34. ^ Buongiovanni, Andrea (July 12, 2012). "Carolina Kostner non si ferma: "Continuo: è un'altra sfida"" [Carolina Kostner is not stopping: "I will continue competing, it's another challenge]. La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 
  35. ^ "World champ Kostner out of Grand Prix Series". Icenetwork. August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Kostner's boyfriend booted from Summer Games". Icenetwork. August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  37. ^ Flade, Tatjana (July 25, 2013). "Kostner begins summer training". Golden Skate. 
  38. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER". Organizing Committee of the XXII Olympic Winter Games. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. 
  39. ^ a b Osborne, Magdalena (July 19, 2014). "A new beginning for Carolina Kostner". Absolute Skating. 
  40. ^ "Carolina Kostner to Sit Out 2014-15 Season". Universal Sports. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  41. ^ Kostner's official site-sponsors
  42. ^ Kostner's official site-official suppliers
  43. ^ Pattinaggio: Carolina affascina, tra Plushenko e Lysacek sfida spettacolare October 10, 2010
  44. ^ "Carolina designes [sic] her own costumes". Official website of Carolina Kostner. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. 
  45. ^ Golinsky, Reut (September 4, 2012). "Costumes on Ice, Part II: Ladies". Absolute Skating. 
  46. ^ Carolina Kostner sul ghiaccio con le Winx(La Repubblica) October 10, 2008
  47. ^ Winx on ice
  48. ^ "Kostner, dal ghiaccio al red carpet" [Kostner, from the ice to the red carpet] (in Italian). la Repubblica. September 8, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  49. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2013/2014". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2013/2014". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. 
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Programs". Official website of Carolina Kostner. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2012/2013". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on September 7, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Carolina's programs for the 2012/2013 season". Official website of Carolina Kostner. November 10, 2012. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2011/2012". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. 
  55. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2009/2010". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2008/2009". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on July 9, 2009. 
  57. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2008/2009". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. 
  58. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2007/2008". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 7, 2008. 
  59. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2006/2007". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on July 17, 2007. 
  60. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2005/2006". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 30, 2006. 
  61. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2004/2005". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on July 9, 2005. 
  62. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2003/2004". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 3, 2004. 
  63. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2002/2003". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 5, 2003. 
  64. ^ "Carolina KOSTNER: 2000/2001". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on May 8, 2001. 
  65. ^ a b c "Competition Results: Carolina KOSTNER". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on April 20, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Winter Olympics
Preceded by
Isolde Kostner
Italy Flag bearer for Italy
2006 Turin
Succeeded by
Giorgio Di Centa