Carolinas Campaign Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Union Forces[edit]

MG William T. Sherman
Headquarters guard:

Engineers:

Artillery: Bvt MG William Farquhar Barry


Right Wing, Army of the Tennessee[edit]

MG Oliver O. Howard
Escort:

  • Company K, 15th Illinois Cavalry: Cpt William Duncan
  • 4th Company Ohio Cavalry: Cpt John L. King

Pontoon Train Guard:

  • Company E, 14th Wisconsin: Cpt William I. Henry


XV Corps[edit]

MG John A. Logan

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     Bvt MG Charles R. Woods

1st Brigade

   Bvt BG William Burnham Woods

  • 12th Indiana: Col Reuben Williams
  • 26th Iowa: Maj John Lubbers
  • 27th Missouri: Col Thomas Curly
  • 31st/32nd Missouri (six companies): Ltc Abraham J. Seay
  • 76th Ohio: Ltc Edward Briggs
2nd Brigade

   Col Robert Francis Catterson

  • 26th Illinois: Ltc Ira J. Bloomfield
  • 40th Illinois: Ltc Hiram W. Hall
  • 103rd Illinois: Ltc George W. Wright
  • 97th Indiana: Ltc Aden G. Cavins
  • 100th Indiana: Maj Ruel M. Johnson, Cpt John W. Headington
  • 6th Iowa: Ltc William H. Clune
  • 46th Ohio: Ltc Edward N. Upton
3rd Brigade

   Col George A. Stone

  • 4th Iowa: Maj Albert R. Anderson
  • 9th Iowa: Maj Alonzo Abernethy
  • 25th Iowa: Ltc David J. Palmer
  • 30th Iowa: Ltc Aurelius Roberts
  • 31st Iowa: Ltc Jeremiah W. Jenkins

Second Division
     MG William Babcock Hazen

1st Brigade

   Col Theodore Jones

2nd Brigade

   Col Wells S. Jones

3rd Brigade

   BG John Morrison Oliver

  • 48th Illinois: Ltc Thomas L. B. Weems
  • 90th Illinois: Ltc Owen Stuart
  • 99th Indiana: Cpt Josiah Farrar
  • 15th Michigan: Ltc Frederick S. Hutchinson
  • 70th Ohio: Ltc Henry L. Philips

3rd Division
     Bvt MG John E. Smith

1st Brigade

   BG William Thomas Clark

  • 63rd Illinois: Col Joseph B. McCown, Cpt Joseph R. Stanford
  • 93rd Illinois: Ltc Nicholas C. Buswell
  • 48th Indiana: Cpt Newton Bingham
  • 59th Indiana: Ltc Jefferson K. Scott, Maj Thomas A. McNaught
  • 4th Minnesota: Col John Eaton Tourtellotte, Cpt Leverett R. Wellman
  • 18th Wisconsin: Ltc Charles H. Jackson
2nd Brigade

   Col Clark R. Wever   

  • 56th Illinois: Ltc John P. Hall
  • 10th Iowa: Ltc William H. Silsby
  • 17th Iowa (one company): Cpt William Horner
  • 10th Missouri/26th Missouri (two companies): Lt Theron Moses Rice
  • 80th Iowa: Ltc Pren Metham, Maj Thomas C. Morris

4th Division
     Bvt MG John M. Corse

1st Brigade

   BG Elliott W. Rice

  • 52nd Illinois: Ltc Jerome D. Davis
  • 66th Indiana: Ltc Roger Martin
  • 2nd Iowa: Col Noel B. Howard
  • 7th Iowa: Ltc James C. Parrott
2nd Brigade

   Col Robert N. Adams

  • 12th Illinois: Ltc Henry Van Sellar
  • 66th Illinois: Ltc Andrew K. Campbell
  • 81st Ohio: Maj William C. Henry
3rd Brigade

   Col Frederick J. Hurlbut

  • 7th Illinois: Ltc Hector Perrin
  • 50th Illinois: Ltc William Hanna
  • 57th Illinois: Maj Frederick A. Battey
  • 39th Iowa: Ltc Joseph M. Griffiths
Unassigned
  • 29th Missouri Mounted Infantry: Col Joseph S. Gage
  • 110th US Colored Troops: Maj William C. Hawley, Cpt Thomas Kennedy, Cpt Zachary C. Wilson, Cpt Jacob Kemnitzer
Artillery

   Ltc William H. Ross

  • Battery H, 1st Illinois: Cpt Francis DeGress, Lt Robert S. Gray
  • Battery B, 1st Michigan: Lt Edward B. Wright
  • Battery H, 1st Missouri: Cpt Charles M. Callahan
  • 12th Wisconsin Battery: Cpt William Zickerick

XVII Corps[edit]

MG Francis Preston Blair, Jr.
Escort:

  • Company G, 11th Illinois Cavalry: Cpt Stephen S. Tripp
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     MG Joseph A. Mower
     BG Manning F. Force

1st Brigade

   BG John W. Fuller

  • 64th Illinois: Maj Joseph S. Reynolds
  • 18th Missouri: Col Charles S. Sheldon, Ltc William H. Minter, Maj William M. Edgar
  • 27th Ohio: Maj Isaac N. Gilruth
  • 39th Ohio: Ltc Daniel Weber
2nd Brigade

   BG John W. Sprague

3rd Brigade

   Col Charles H. DeGroat
   Bvt BG John Tillson

  • 10th Illinois: Ltc David Gillespie
  • 25th Indiana: Ltc James S. Wright
  • 32nd Wisconsin: Ltc Joseph H. Carleton, Maj William H. Burrows

Third Division
     Bvt MG Mortimer Dormer Leggett

1st Brigade

   Col BG Charles Ewing

  • 20th Illinois: Cpt Henry King
  • 30th Illinois: Ltc William C. Rhoades, Cpt John P. Davis
  • 31st Illinois: Ltc Robert N. Pearson
  • 45th Illinois: Maj John O. Duer
  • 12th Wisconsin: Col James K. Proudfit
  • 16th Wisconsin: Col Cassius Fairchild
2nd Brigade

   BG Robert Kingston Scott

  • 20th Ohio: Ltc Harrison Wilson
  • 68th Ohio: Ltc George E. Welles
  • 78th Ohio: Col Greenbury F. Wiles, Ltc Gilbert D. Munson
  • 17th Wisconsin: Col Adam G. Mallory

Fourth Division
     Bvt MG Giles Alexander Smith

1st Brigade

   BG Benjamin F. Potts

  • 14th/15th Illinois (battalion): Col George C. Rogers
  • 53rd Illinois: Col John W. McClanahan
  • 23rd Indiana: Ltc George S. Babbitt, Cpt John W. Hammond
  • 53rd Indiana: Col Warner L. Vestal
  • 32nd Ohio: Ltc Jefferson J. Hibbets
3rd Brigade

   BG William W. Belknap

  • 32nd Illinois: Cpt John J. Rider
  • 11th Iowa: Ltc Benjamin Beach
  • 13th Iowa: Ltc Justin C. Kennedy
  • 15th Iowa: Maj George Pomutz
  • 16th Iowa: Maj John H. Smith
Artillery

   Maj Frederick Welker

Unassigned
  • 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry: Ltc Samuel T. Hughes

Left Wing, Army of Georgia[edit]

MG Henry W. Slocum
Pontoniers:

  • 58th Indiana: Ltc Joseph Moore


XIV Corps[edit]

Bvt MG Jefferson C. Davis
Provost guard: Ltc E. Hibbard Topping

  • 110th Illinois (nine companies)
  • Company A, 24th Illinois
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Charles C. Walcutt

1st Brigade

   Bvt BG Harrison C. Hobart

2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG George P. Buell

3rd Brigade

   Col Henry A. Hambright

2nd Division
     Bvt MG James D. Morgan
Provost Guard:

  • Company B, 110th Illinois: Cpt William R. Hester
1st Brigade

   BG William Vandever

  • 16th Illinois: Cpt Herman Lund
  • 60th Illinois: Maj James H. McDonald
  • 10th Michigan: Cpt William H. Dunphy
  • 14th Michigan: Ltc George W. Grummond
  • 17th New York: Maj Alexander S. Marshall
2nd Brigade

   BG John G. Mitchell

3rd Brigade

   Ltc James W. Langley

  • 85th Illinois: Cpt James R. Griffith
  • 86th Illinois: Ltc Allen R. Fahnestock
  • 125th Illinois: Cpt George W. Cook
  • 22nd Indiana: Cpt William H. Snodgrass
  • 37th Indiana (one company): Lt Socrates Carver
  • 52nd Ohio: Maj James T. Holmes

3rd Division
     Bvt MG Absalom Baird

1st Brigade

   Col Morton C. Hunter

  • 82nd Indiana: Ltc John M. Matheny
  • 23rd Missouri (four companies): Maj John H. Jolly
  • 11th Ohio (detachment): Cpt Francis H. Loring
  • 17th Ohio: Ltc Benjamin H. Showers
  • 31st Ohio: Cpt Michael Stone, Cpt Eli Wilkin
  • 89th Ohio: Ltc William H. Glenn
  • 92nd Ohio: Ltc John C. Morrow
2nd Brigade

   Col Newell Gleason

  • 75th Indiana: Ltc William O'Brien
  • 87th Indiana: Ltc Edwin P. Hammond
  • 101st Indiana: Ltc Thomas Doan
  • 2nd Minnesota: Ltc Judson W. Bishop
  • 105th Ohio: Ltc George T. Perkins
3rd Brigade

   Ltc Hubbard K. Milward
   BG George S. Greene

Artillery

   Maj Charles Houghtaling

  • Battery C, 1st Illinois: Lt Palmer F. Scovel
  • Battery I, 2nd Illinois: Lt Judson Rich
  • 19th Indiana Battery: Lt Clinton Keller
  • 5th Wisconsin Battery: Cpt Joseph McKnight, Lt Elijah Booth, Jr.

XX Corps[edit]

Bvt MG Alpheus S. Williams
MG Joseph A. Mower

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Nathaniel J. Jackson
     Bvt MG Alpheus S. Williams

1st Brigade

   BG James L. Selfridge

  • 5th Connecticut: Ltc Henry W. Daboll
  • 123rd New York: Col James C. Rogers
  • 141st New York: Ltc Andrew J. McNett
  • 46th Pennsylvania: Maj Patrick Griffith
2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG William Hawley

  • 2nd Massachusetts: Cpt Edward A. Phalen
  • 13th New Jersey: Ltc Frederick H. Harris
  • 107th New York: Col Nirom M. Crane
  • 150th New York: Col Alfred B. Smith
  • 3rd Wisconsin: Ltc George W. Stevenson
3rd Brigade

   BG James S. Robinson

  • 82nd Illinois: Ltc Edward S. Salomon
  • 101st Illinois: Ltc John B. LeSage
  • 143rd New York: Col Horace Boughton
  • 61st Ohio/82nd Ohio: Maj James S. Crall
  • 31st Wisconsin: Col Francis H. West

Second Division
     Bvt MG John W. Geary

1st Brigade

   Col George W. Mindil
   Bvt BG Ario Pardee, Jr.

  • 5th Ohio: Ltc Robert Kirkup
  • 29th Ohio: Ltc Jonas Schoonover
  • 66th Ohio: Ltc Eugene Powell, Cpt Theodore G. Keller
  • 28th Pennsylvania: Ltc James Fitzpatrick
  • 147th Pennsylvania: Ltc John Craig
2nd Brigade

   Col Patrick Henry Jones

  • 33rd New Jersey: Ltc Enos Fourat, Maj Nathaniel K. Bray
  • 119th New York: Col John T. Lockman
  • 134th New York: Ltc Allan H. Jackson
  • 154th New York: Ltc Lewis D. Warner
  • 73rd Pennsylvania: Maj Christian H. Goebel
3rd Brigade

   Bvt BG Henry A. Barnum

  • 60th New York: Ltc Lester S. Williams
  • 102nd New York: Maj Oscar J. Spaulding
  • 137th New York: Ltc Koert S. Van Voorhees
  • 149th New York: Maj Nicholas Grumbach
  • 29th Pennsylvania: Col Samuel M. Zulich
  • 109th/111th Pennsylvania: Col Thomas M. Walker

Third Division
     Bvt MG William Thomas Ward

1st Brigade

   Col Henry Case
   Bvt BG Benjamin Harrison

  • 102nd Illinois: Col Franklin C. Smith
  • 105th Illinois: Ltc Everell F. Dutton
  • 129th Illinois: Ltc Thomas H. Flynn, Col Henry Case
  • 70th Indiana: Ltc Samuel Merrill
  • 79th Ohio: Ltc Azariah W. Doan
2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG Daniel Dustin

  • 33rd Indiana: Ltc James E. Burton
  • 85th Indiana: Ltc Alexander B. Crane
  • 19th Michigan: Maj David Anderson
  • 22nd Wisconsin: Ltc Edward Bloodgood
3rd Brigade

   Bvt BG William Cogswell

Artillery

   Maj John A. Reynolds
   Cpt Charles E. Winegar

  • Battery I, 1st New York: Cpt Charles E. Winegar, Lt Warren L. Scott
  • Battery M, 1st New York: Cpt Edward P. Newkirk
  • Battery C, 1st Ohio: Lt Jerome B. Stephens
  • Battery E, Pennsylvania Light: Cpt Thomas S. Sloan

Center, Army of the Ohio[edit]

MG John M. Schofield
Escort:

Signal Corps: Cpt Edmund H. Russell
Engineers:

  • 15th New York (three companies): Maj Henry V. Slosson

Artillery: Ltc Terance J. Kennedy


X Corps[edit]

MG Alfred H. Terry
Escort: Company I, 20th New York Cavalry: Cpt John J. Carroll

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     Bvt MG Henry Warner Birge

1st Brigade

   at Morehead City

2nd Brigade

   at Wilmington

3rd Brigade

   Col Nicholas W. Day

  • 24th Iowa: Ltc Edward Wright
  • 38th Massachusetts: Ltc James P. Richardson
  • 128th New York: Cpt Henry H. Sincerbox
  • 156th New York: Cpt Alfred Cooley
  • 175th New York (five companies): Cpt Charles McCarthey
  • 176th New York: Maj Charles Lewis
Artillery

Second Division
     Bvt MG Adelbert Ames

1st Brigade

   Col Rufus Daggett

  • 3rd New York: Ltc Alfred Dunham
  • 112th New York: Col Ephraim A. Ludwick
  • 117th New York: Cpt Edward Downer
  • 142nd New York: Col Albert M. Barney
2nd Brigade

   Col William B. Coan
   Col John S. Littell

  • 47th New York: Col Christopher R. MacDonald
  • 48th New York: Cpt Van Renssalaer K. Hilliard, Col William B. Coan
  • 76th Pennsylvania: Maj Charles Knerr
  • 97th Pennsylvania: Ltc John Wainwright
  • 203rd Pennsylvania: Ltc Amos W. Bachman
3rd Brigade

   Col G. Frederick Granger

Artillery
  • 16th New York Battery: Cpt Richard H. Lee

Third Division
     BG Charles Jackson Paine

1st Brigade

   Bvt BG Delvan Bates

  • 1st US Colored Troops: Ltc Giles H. Rich
  • 30th US Colored Troops: Ltc Hiram A. Oakman
  • 107th US Colored Troops: Col William H. Revere, Jr.
2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG Samuel A. Duncan

  • 4th US Colored Troops: Ltc George Rogers
  • 5th US Colored Troops: Col Giles W. Shurtleff
  • 39th US Colored Troops: Col Ozora P. Stearns
Unattached
  • Battery E, 3rd US Artillery: Lt John R. Myrick

XXIII Corps[edit]

MG Jacob Dolson Cox
Engineer Battalion: Cpt Oliver S. McClure
Provost Guard:

  • Company H, 9th New Jersey: Cpt Edward S. Pullen

Artillery: Ltc George W. Schofield, Cpt Giles J. Cockerill

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     Bvt MG Thomas H. Ruger

1st Brigade

   Bvt BG Israel N. Stiles

2nd Brigade

   Col John C. McQuiston

  • 123rd Indiana: Ltc Dewitt C. Walters
  • 129th Indiana: Col Charles A. Zollinger
  • 130th Indiana: Col Charles S. Parrish
  • 28th Michigan: Col William W. Wheeler
3rd Brigade

   Col Minor T. Thomas

Artillery
  • Elgin Battery (Illinois): Cpt Andrew M. Wood

Second Division
     MG Darius N. Couch
     BG Joseph Alexander Cooper

1st Brigade

   Col Orlando H. Moore
   BG Joseph A. Cooper

2nd Brigade

   Col John Mehringer

3rd Brigade

   Col Silas A. Strickland

  • 91st Indiana: Ltc Charles H. Butterfield
  • 50th Ohio: Cpt John S. Conahan, Ltc James A. Bope
  • 181st Ohio: Ltc John E. Hudson, Col John O'Dowd
  • 183rd Ohio: Col George W. Hoge
Artillery

Third Division
     BG James W. Reilly
     BG Samuel P. Carter
Provost Guard:

1st Brigade

   Col Oscar W. Sterl

2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG John S. Casement

3rd Brigade

   Bvt BG Thomas J. Henderson

  • 112th Illinois: Ltc Emery S. Bond
  • 63rd Indiana: Ltc Daniel Morris, Maj Frank Wilcox
  • 140th Indiana: Col Thomas J. Brady
  • 17th Massachusetts: Ltc Henry Splaine
Artillery

Third Division - Cavalry
     Bvt MG Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

1st Brigade

   Bvt BG Thomas J. Jordan

2nd Brigade

   Bvt BG Smith D. Atkins

3rd Brigade

   Col Michael Kerwin
   Bvt BG Thomas T. Heath

  • 1st Alabama Cavalry: Maj Sanford Tramel
  • 5th Ohio Cavalry: Maj George H. Rader
  • 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry: Maj George F. McCabe, Col Michael Kerwin
Artillery
  • 23rd New York Battery: Cpt Samuel Kittinger

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLVII, Part 1, pages 46-60

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Bradley, Mark L. This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place (Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press), 2000. ISBN 0-8078-2565-4