Caroline Haskins Gurrey

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Caroline Gurrey: Portrait of Japanese-Hawaiian and Portuguese-Hawaiian boys (1909)

Caroline Gurrey (née Haskins, 1875–1927) was an American photographer who worked in Hawaii at the beginning of the 20th century. She is remembered for her series on mixed-race Hawaiian children.


Born in Oakland, California, Caroline Gurrey ran a successful photographic studio in Honolulu where for many years she specialized in portraiture. In 1904, she married A.R. Gurrey, an art dealer and amateur photographer remembered for his photographs of surfing.[1][2] Caroline's most notable work is a set of photographs of Hawaii's mixed race children.[3] In the summer of 1909, the photographs were exhibited at the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition in Seattle. Said to combine the Pictorialist style with ethnographic photography, they depict Hawaiian or mixed-race boys and girls. The 50 photographs displayed at the fair are now preserved in the Smithsonian's National Anthropological Archives.[4]

Caroline Gurrey died in Hawaii in 1927.[5]


  1. ^ Joel T. Smith, "The Surf Riders of Hawaii: A. R. Gurrey, Jr." Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Gurrey, Alfred Richard", Honolulu County Biographies. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  3. ^ Anne Maxwell, "'Beautiful Hybrids': Caroline Gurrey's Photographs of Hawai'i's Mixed-race Children", Taylor & Francis Online. Retrieved 13 March 2013
  4. ^ Heather Waldroup, "Ethnographic Pictorialism: Caroline Gurrey’s Hawaiian Types at the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition", Mixed Race Studies. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Caroline Gurrey", National Gallery of Australia. Retrieved 13 March 2013.


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