|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
Northbound Carolinian pulling in to High Point.
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Locale||Northeastern United States/Southern United States|
|First service||May 12, 1990|
|Current operator(s)||Amtrak in partnership with the
North Carolina Department of Transportation
307,213 total (FY11)
|Start||New York City|
|End||Charlotte, North Carolina|
|Distance travelled||704 miles (1,133 km)|
|Rolling stock||Amfleet cars|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Track owner(s)||Amtrak, CSX, Norfolk Southern/NCRR|
The Carolinian is a daily passenger train that runs between Charlotte, North Carolina and New York City. The train began operation in 1990 and is jointly funded and operated by Amtrak and the North Carolina Department of Transportation. A previous iteration operated between 1984-1985. Onboard services include coach, business class, and a cafe car. The train operates over the Northeast Corridor between New York and Washington, D.C. Intermediate stops in North Carolina include Rocky Mount, Wilson, Selma, Raleigh, Cary, Durham, Burlington, Greensboro, High Point, Salisbury, and Kannapolis.
Amtrak first introduced the Carolinian on October 28, 1984, in partnership with the state of North Carolina. The train ran over the same route as the modern Carolinian from Charlotte to Richmond, Virginia, where it combined with the Palmetto for the journey to New York. North Carolina supported the Carolinian with a $436,000 yearly subsidy. It was the first direct Raleigh—Charlotte service in 30 years and the first North Carolina-specific service in 20 years. An early alternative name for the service was the Piedmont Palmetto. Amtrak discontinued the Carolinian on September 3, 1985, after North Carolina declined to renew its support for another year. Although ridership was higher than projected, revenues were not: most passengers traveled within North Carolina and did not continue to the Northeast. Supporters of the Carolinian blamed Amtrak and the state for not marketing the train properly.
Amtrak and North Carolina re-launched the Carolinian on May 12, 1990, although this time the Carolinian joined the Palmetto in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, south of Richmond. In April 1991 Amtrak stopped combining the Carolinian with the Palmetto; the train began running through to New York over the Northeast Corridor.
In 1995, the Carolinian was joined with a sister train, the Piedmont, which runs on the same route of this train between Raleigh and Charlotte.
- Amtrak Northeast Corridor, New York to Washington
- CSX RF&P Subdivision, Richmond Terminal Subdivision, North End Subdivision, and South End Subdivision, Washington to Selma
- NS Charlotte District, Charlotte to Linwood
- NS Danville District, Linwood to Greensboro
- NS Raleigh District, Greensboro to Raleigh
The Carolinian typically operates with a Heritage Fleet baggage car, an Amfleet business class car, an Amfleet cafe, and 3-4 Amfleet coaches. Motive power is provided by a GE P42DC diesel locomotive south of Washington, D.C.. Service between Washington and New York is handled by an electric locomotive. Maximum seating in such a configuration is 346, split between business class and reserved coach.:17
- "Amtrak Ridership Rolls Up Best-Ever Records" (PDF). Amtrak. 13 October 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- Foreman, Jr., Tom (October 27, 1984). "'Carolinian' makes trial run". Times-News. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
- "Raleigh-Charlotte run shouldn't businessmen". The Robesonian. October 9, 1984. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
- Waggoner, Martha (September 3, 1985). "The 'Carolinian' Makes Its Last Run". The Dispatch. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- Flesher, John (August 13, 1985). "Amtrak talks about scraping Charlotte-to-Raleigh service". Times-News. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "Charlotte-Rocky Mount train back on track". Morning Star. May 12, 1990. Retrieved 2010-04-04.[dead link]
- "Change to cut Carolinian's run by 40 minutes". The Charlotte Observer. March 15, 1991. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "National Railroad Passenger Corporation and the State of North Carolina: Agreement for the Provision of Carolinian and Piedmont Rail Passenger Services". October 1, 2008. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
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