|• Mayor||edgar manuel carrasco paez (2009–2012)|
|Elevation||419 m (1,375 ft)|
|Website||Alcaldía de Torres|
Carora is a town in Lara State, Venezuela, on the Morere River, a branch of the Tocuyo River. It is about 54 miles southwest of Barquisimeto. Carora was founded twice. The first time, in the year 1569 by Juan de Tejo, but due to constant attacks from the indigenous population, it was abandoned, only to be refounded three years later (1572) by Juan de Salmanca. Carora flourished in colonial times having a population of nearly 10,000. As of 1911, the neighboring country was devoted principally to raising horses, mules and cattle; in addition to hides and leather, it exported rubber and other forest products. As of 2005 the main economic activity of the area is still cattle ranching, but on milk production and milk products. In the 1990s grapes and wine making became important.
Carora was founded twice. Carora has one of the most beautiful colonial zones, and better conserved in Venezuela. This is appraised in the streets and the colonial line maintained, observed in each of the houses of this part of Carora. One of the very interesting characteristics of this colonial zone, is that most of the houses, are being occupied by descendants of the original owners. The main commercial activity of the region is the cattle ranch, specifically to the milk processing. The Cathedral of San Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist) was constructed at the beginning of 1600, with a very simple and clean facade. In the inner part it is decorated with wood pillars and forged iron lights, in addition to a gold, wood made altar. Between the sites of interest in Carora, they are: The José Zubillaga Perera Library, the birthplace of the Venezuelan hero Juan Jacinto Lara, well-known like Lara House, the Fine arts Center. Also the Chapel of El Calvario, an example of the colonial baroque architecture. Also in this historic zone, there is a well-known place of the town: the Torres Club. Founded in 1898, has like seat a good shape colonial house. It has a restaurant and a “Healthcare center”, that is only for members, usually can be visited by the tourists.
Law and government
Carora has one municipality: Torres Municipality, Venezuelan law specifies that municipal governments have four main functions: executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning. The executive function is managed by the mayor, who is in charge of representing the municipality's administration. The legislative branch is represented by the Municipal Council, composed of seven councillors, charged with the deliberation of new decrees and local laws. The comptroller tasks are managed by the municipal comptroller's office, which oversees accountancy. Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality.
- Agricultural potential: Carora, is associated fundamentally to the cattle activity. They emphasize the program of genetic improvement, the Carora cattle, race that represents a potential for the city's economic development. Between the agriculture products of the city, we can mention: sugar cane and grape. The first, has the greater harvested surface of the municipality. The potential of this activity is sustained fundamentally in the industries. In the case of the grape cultivated in the Valley of Altagracia, represents the 86% of the cultivated in the Lara state. This activity tie to the wine industry, represents an enormous economic potential for Carora.
- Industrial potential: The industrial potential of the municipality is set in the agriculture insdustry fundamentally. It emphasizes the products sugar cane. Also, the growth potential that has the wine activity that has been developed in the valley of Altagracia and that has acquired national reputation with the elaboration of best wines of the country. The possibility of the extension of the Center-West railway network until Carora, which would contribute to consolidate the Industrial Zone. the commerce in Carora, is represented by a high index of the informal economy, constituted by salesmen and others, also the city presents a great commercial demand of the small and great retailers, for this reason was created an institute for the control of this sector, the ACIC.
- Touristic potential: The relief of the city, allows to recognize two differentiated landscapes, one dry and with Xerophile vegetation, and another of tie subhumid characteristics, this, the Carora's historic zone and the Cerro Saroche national park, confer to the municipality a great touristic potential. To the development of this potential, it would contribute the rehabilitation of the public patrimony, and the promotion of the gastronomical wealth, and the popular art of the city, so characteristic of Carora.
Carora has been the birth place of very important people in knowledge different areas. Guitarist players Alirio Diaz and Rodrigo Riera; historians Gillermo Moron, Ismael Silva Montañes, Ambrosio Perera; lawyers Ambrosio Oropeza, Juan Oropeza, Antonio Oropeza; health science Dr. Pastor Oropeza; and lawyer and one of the writers of the 1961 Venezuelan Constitution Jose "Cheito" Herrera Oropeza; were born in this small Venezuelan city.
Colleges and universities
- Among the colleges and universities in Carora, we have:
Lisandro Alvarado Center-West University
Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado or UCLA is a public institution with seat in Barquisimeto, created on September 22, 1962, under the government of Romulo Betancourt, with the name of Experimental Center of Superior Studies, it begins with four schools: medicine, agronomy, veterinary and administration. In 1967, the name is changed to Center-West University, continuing the educational and administrative activities of the Experimental Center of Superior Studies. On April 2, 1979, Venezuelan government rename the organization like Lisandro Alvarado Center-West University.
Antonio José de Sucre National Experimental Polytechnic University
(Universidad Nacional Experimental Politécnica Antonio José de Sucre) or UNEXPO, is a public institution, with nucleus in Carora. The history of the University begins with the proposal from the UNESCO to the Venezuelan government, to install a Technological Institute in the country, offering technical attendance, and resources. Three cities were interested in the offer, Caracas, Valencia and Barquisimeto, being chosen the last one like principal seat, thanks to the campaign made by the Society of Friends of Barquisimeto, with the support of the Lara state government and the mass media. On September 22, 1962, is founded the Superior Polytechnic Institute, with main seat in Barquisimeto, and on February 20, 1979, the Antonio José de Sucre National Experimental Polytechnic University is created, the institutes of Barquisimeto, Caracas and Puerto Ordaz, happened to integrate this university of high hierarchy in the national technology. By a lamentable decision of the national government, through Decree Number 68, on April 19, 1979, it countermanded the creation of the University. Twelve years later, on February 14, 1991, the Venezuelan court, countermanded Decree Number 68, and consequently restituted the University.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press