Carpathian Military District
|Carpathian Military District|
|Active||3 May 1946 - January 1998|
The Carpathian Military District was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces established on May 3, 1946 on the base of the 1st Ukrainian Front, 4th Ukrainian Front, and Lviv Military District. It became part of the Ukrainian Armed Forces in 1991 and was disbanded by being redesignated the Western Operational Command in January 1998.
Two districts were formed in what was to become the district's territory in 1944-45. During May 1944 in the freed territory of the West Ukraine the Lviv Military district was activated, headed by the former deputy commander of the 2nd Ukrainian Front. In July 1945 the Carpathian military district (PriKVO) was created during from the staff of the 4th Ukrainian Front in Chernivtsi. The two districts were amalgamated on 3 May 1946 with the headquarters at Lviv. The District's territory included 10 regions of the Ukrainian SSR - Vinnytsya, Volyn, Zhytomyr, Transcarpathian, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Rivensku, Khmel'nytskiy, Ternopil, and Chernivetskyy.
Troops of the district, including 57th Air Army, took part in 'Operation Danube,' the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. The District became subordinate to the Western Strategic Direction in the late 1970s/early 80s. The 8th Tank (formed from 8th Mechanised Army in 1957, which in its turn was formed from the 18th Army circa 1945), 13th, and 38th Armies were stationed in the District for most of its existence. The 14th Air Army and 2nd Army of the Soviet Air Defence Forces were also located there. Scott and Scott reported the HQ address in 1979 as Lviv-8, Vulytsa Vatutina, Bud 12.
Order of battle c.1988
The District's forces at the end of the 1980s included:
- 8th Tank Army (Zhytomyr)
- 13th Red Banner Army (Rivne)
- 38th Army (Ivano-Frankivsk)
- 66th Artillery Corps (Nesterov)
- District Troops
- 24th Motor Rifle Division (Lvov)
- 66th Guards Training Motor Rifle Division
- 128th Guards Tank Training Regt 145th, 193rd, 195th Guards MR Training Regts.
- 117th Tank Training Division (Berdychiv)
- 8th Special Forces Brigade GRU (formed Izyaslav, Khmelnitskiy Oblast, Carpathian Military District, December 1962, to Armed Forces of Ukraine)
Commanders since World War II
The District's commanders included:
- General of the Army Andrey Yeryomenko (September 1945-October 1946),
- Colonel General Kuzma Galitsky (October 1946-November 1951),
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Konev (November 1951-March 1955),
- General of the Army Pavel Batov (1955-1958)
- General of the Army Andrei Getman (1958–1964),
- Colonel General Petr Lashchenko (1964-1967),
- Colonel General V.Z. Bisyarin (1967-1969),
- Colonel General G.I. Obaturov (01 1970-07 1973),
- General of the Army Valentyn Varennikov (07 1973-08 1979),
- General of the Army V.A. Belikov (08 1979-07 1986),
- General Colonel Viktor V. Skokov (с 07 1986)
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk appointed Lieutenant General Peter Ivanovich Shulyak (ru:Шуляк, Пётр Иванович), former commander of the 13th Army, as commander of the district on April 7, 1994, in Presidential Ukaz N 143/94.
Former Soviet and Western sources agree on an end-1980s figure of three tank divisions and nine or ten motor rifle divisions in the District. In its last years under Ukrainian control the District saw a large reduction in the number of troops within it as Ukraine reduced the 780,000 troops it had inherited from the Soviet Union to a figure more appropriate to its new needs.
- V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945-91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 1994
- Redesignated 8th Army Corps 1 December 1993. Надруковано: 'Народна армія'. – 2009. – 30 квітня via http://sammler.ru/index.php?showtopic=65121
- A.G. Lenskii, M.M. Tsybin, The Soviet Ground Forces in the last years of the USSR, St. Peterburg, 2001
- Scott and Scott, The Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, Westview Press, Boulder, Co., 1979
- International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 1990-91
- Варенников В. И. Неповторимое. В 7 томах. Часть V. Прикарпатский военный округ. — М.: Советский писатель, 2001. — 320 стр. Тираж 7000 экз. ISBN 5-265-03489-7
- Armed Forces in Ivano-Frankivsk by 1991 from За матеріалами довідника А.Г.Ленского и М.М.Цыбина "Советские сухопутные войска в последний год существования СССР" (Санкт-Петербург, 2001). (Ukrainian)
- Biography of Mykhailo Kutsyn