Carpinus orientalis

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Carpinus orientalis
Doğu gürgeni-2.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Carpinus
Species: C. orientalis
Binomial name
Carpinus orientalis

Carpinus orientalis (Oriental Hornbeam) is a hornbeam native from southeastern Europe to northern Iran[1] and occurs usually on hot dry sites at lower altitudes in comparison to the European Hornbeam. The tree can be described to be minute, with small leaves, over ten meters tall, three to five centimeters long, and shrubby. The seeds are different from the Hornbeam because they are two centimeters long, and have a simple bract and not a trilobed. It is a small tree, rarely over 10 m tall and often shrubby. It has small leaves, 3-5 cm long. The seeds differ from those of European Hornbeam in having a simple bract (not trilobed), about 2 cm long.

In recent years, this species has been extensively used in Bonsai.


  1. ^ "Carpinus orientalis at the NPGS/GRIN database". USDA. Retrieved 2008-10-24.