Carpinus orientalis

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Carpinus orientalis
Doğu gürgeni-2.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Carpinus
Species: C. orientalis
Binomial name
Carpinus orientalis

Carpinus orientalis (Oriental Hornbeam) is a hornbeam native to Hungary, Balkans, Italy, Crimea, Turkey, Iran, and the Caucasus.[1][2] and occurs usually on hot dry sites at lower altitudes in comparison to the European Hornbeam.

The tree can be described to be minute, with small leaves, three to five centimeters long, and shrubby. The seeds are different from the European Hornbeam because they are two centimeters long, and have a simple bract and not a trilobed. It is a small tree, rarely over 10 m tall and often shrubby. It has small leaves, 3–5 cm long. The seeds differ from those of European Hornbeam in having a simple bract (not trilobed), about 2 cm long.[3][4]

In recent years, this species has been extensively used in Bonsai.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Carpinus orientalis at the NPGS/GRIN database". USDA. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  3. ^ Czerepanov, S. K. 1981. Sosudistye Rasteniia SSSR. 509 pages. Nauka, Leningradskoe Otd-nie, Leningrad
  4. ^ Browicz, Kasimierz. Flora Iranica : Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der Umrahmenden Gebirge : Persien, Afghanistan, Teile von West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, (cont) 97: 2. 1972.