Carr House

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Carr House
Carr house porch 2008.jpg
Carr House Porch, with the inscription above the door
Carr House is located in Lancashire
Carr House
Location within Lancashire
General information
Architectural style Jacobean
Town or city Bretherton
Country England
Coordinates 53°41′13″N 2°48′54″W / 53.6869°N 2.8150°W / 53.6869; -2.8150
Construction started 1613
Client Thomas Stone
Technical details
Structural system Brick

Carr House, is situated within the Bank Hall Estate, half-way between the villages of Tarleton and Much Hoole at the extreme north-west of the village of Bretherton, Lancashire. The building faces south to the Bretherton road, from which it stands back some distance and has a foreyard inclosed on the west side by farm buildings.

The Stone Family[edit]

"Carr House" is the ancestral home of the Stone Family who built the house in 1613 by Thomas Stone, who was a haberdasher from London and his brother Andrew, who was a merchant from Amsterdam.[1]

The local church of St. Michael was built in 1628 and was a gift to the people from the local villages of Croston, Much Hoole and Bretherton by Thomas and Andrew, who also built a manor house for the rector of St Michael's. John gave the church its font and his wife donated the silver goblets and plate that are still used in the church today for communion.[2]

Andrew shipped goods to England via Hoole and Richard Stone imported Irish panel boards and timber in 1604 for the Shuttleworth family, who were then building Gawthorpe Hall, with 1,000 pieces, storing them till needed in Hoole's tithe barn.[3]

Architecture[edit]

The house was built in 1613 and the layout of the house comprises two wings to each side of a central porch. The building is built of red bricks which have weathered over the centuries to give a pleasant warm colour,[according to whom?] with a blue-brick diaper pattern similar to work of the same period at Rufford Old Hall, Bank Hall and Hoole Church, and with stone quoins of irregular length. Externally the building has not been altered very much since construction as all the old stone mullioned windows remain as they are, therefore the brick work is unaltered. Blue slates cover the roof instead of the usual stone slabs which can be found on most of the old brick houses in Lancashire from this time period. The porch is the main feature of the front, being centrally situated, and rising to the third-story attic space.

There are ten windows on the front facade, four on the ground floor, five on the first, and one in the attic, with hood moulds; all have four panes of leaded glass, except those over the porch, which have five. Between the upper and lower windows are four vertical cuts in the brickwork which are now filled in with plaster/cement; the history behind them is said to have been a partial evasion of the window tax, the argument being that the upper and lower windows are connected, therefore counting as one. An inscription in raised letters on the stone head of the doorway reads: Thomas Stones of London haberdasher and Andrewe Stones of Amsterdam merchant hath builded this howse of their owne charges and giveth the same unto their brother John Stones: Ano domni 1613. Laus.

The inscription is curiously divided towards the end by the head of the doorway breaking into it. The walls of the upper rooms are stated to have been formerly panelled in oak, but the panelling is said to have been removed to Bank Hall in 1832 when bank hall was renovated.[4]

An important feature of the house is a very rare cage newel staircase; four inner newel posts rise to the full height of the stairwell without interruption.[5]

Jeremiah Horrocks[edit]

It is commonly said that Jeremiah Horrocks made his observation of the transit of Venus, 24 Nov. 1639, from the room above the porch while living at Carr House as the guest and lodger of Mr. Stone.[6][7] It is also believed that Jeremiah Horrocks was the tutor to the Stone Family's children.

Dolls Museum[edit]

Carr House was once home to a Dolls Museum that housed the Barry Elder's Collection

Today the collection has been moved elsewhere and the building is now a private residence again.[8]

Reference list[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stonefamilyassociation.org/index.php?pr=NL_Spring_2001
  2. ^ http://www.stonefamilyassociation.org/index.php?pr=NL_Reunion_Rpt
  3. ^ Jessica Lofthouse; Lancashire Villages; Robert Hale, London, 1978, P. 48
  4. ^ http://www.stonefamilyassociation.org/index.php?pr=2000_Annual_Rpt
  5. ^ Chorley Historical and Archaeological Society, "CHORLEY HALLS - Carr House", http://www.chorleyhistorysociety.co.uk/sys2004.htm 2010
  6. ^ http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1971QJRAS..12..179B
  7. ^ Jessica Lofthouse; Lancashire Villages; Robert Hale, London, 1978, p. 49
  8. ^ Richard Peace; Lancashire Curiosities; The Dovecote Press, Wimborne, Dorset, 1997, p. 79

External links[edit]