Where once regular droughts made life almost untenable, the area now has irrigated crops, gardens, greened sporting facilities and village verges. Over 15,000 square kilometres are now used in rural pursuits, including more than 600 km² in wheat, rice, vineyards, cotton, potatoes, vegetables and orchard trees. Most of the change was made possible by the widespread use of river and underground water.
The mayor of the Carrathool Shire Council is yet to be determined following the 2012 local government election.
Carrathool Shire Council is composed of ten councillors elected proportionally as five separate wards, each electing two councillors. All councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The mayor is elected by the councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was due to be held on 8 September 2012. However, in all five wards there was an equal number of candidates, being those below, that nominated for election. There being no additional candidates, the election for all five wards was uncontested. The makeup of the Council is as follows: